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Page:Catholic Encyclopedia, volume 17.djvu/222

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OISTEBdANS


206 OISTEROIANS


!S*K^Q • ? *^*JTj' ^ I'O'^e^.of Good Shepherd the foimdress of Bordedey. In 1139 arose- New with 203 girb and 2 day nursenes minster in NorthumberUnU which ow^^" ^STn

All the public uifltitutions aUow the priests of the to the generosity of Ranilf n»rn.r „f m»Ji*^ diocese to nunister m them whenever it is requested. Dirksted Ab^l Lin^lSref wWch ta^rSi but the Catholic schools and institutions do not re- in fulfilment of a vow madThv Rarnn w,.5!j ^.ve.any aid from the govenunent The various Breton and ,^ the mother "S ^rreS^We orgamxations of the diocese mclude, among the monastery of Hovedoa in Norw»JT t^^ITu o u cleno^ the Clergy R«Uef Union among. the^aitv. Abbey. X> ki U^c^^^e. fo3'by^"Sand^? the National Catholic Welfare Aasociation, made Bishop of Lincoln; and Kinestro^ in rin^^^f J' up of men and women. The "CathoUc Telegraph" shire. '^founded by wSliam TfiScdey S^^ « the diocesan organ. foundation, was made in LincolShh^^in mill


Olstardans In the British bias

25c). — ^The full and complete histoi .«_„

asticiroi and its ancient abodes in t&ese islands ieiSed after ISO y^raid htCT ?e-Stohlf«W 18 stiU miwritten.. In many cases. there is a great Wobum Abbey in^ B^f orfrfii^ datS^r^S^m divergence of opimon among writers on various and was descended from Fount^ RotIpv akk^ aspecte and incidente touching the monasteries, and in Kent, found^ 1148 WTthT^th fill^f^n^^ there is a lamentable dearth of chartularies and Clairvaux. ' *° filiation of

records, due no doubt to the convulsiom^ dis- Dorl Abbey in Herefordshire ««« th« «..i,. turbanpes, and vandalism attending their suppres- daughter-house in Enidand rfMorimnnH ^„ ^ sion. The informaUon available ia* often obSSned the'^firet four cStercyhot^ ft Z?'fo,S^d^ only after extensive research among many widely by Robert, Eari of Ferra^^ 1147 l^e^"^lt5 separated sources.. , ^ . jemarkable in Cistercian Wstoiy aa' the^tl S

ENQLAND^VariouB computations of Cistercian foundation of 21 Cistercian hou^ ^ FntiJJ^ „-i monasteries in England at the time, of the suppres- Wales, and of the S,^omtiTo?le^O?i^f sion are found m different authonties. some giving Savigny with that of Cfteaux. S 1147 a^oee^ Kirfc the number at 75, others at 6«. There were, statt Abbey in Yorkshire roruSt from ^.m^™ besides, 26 convents of Cistercian Nuns. By the an ex-voto offering 3eb!?Rd^rtT f°^}^ act suppressing the lesser monasteries, which num- second abbot Raduteh H^ith h»,,r» . ^1 * bered 376 in all. abouthalf or two-thirds of the consnicuous saS^ti!? and i?me of 4e S ^ Cistercian hous^ were dissolved^ the yearly mcome whici were later coniscated by King jX- Vwdev of these not bemg above £200 according to the Abbey in Lincolnshire, founded by Wm^m P»rt T?il%Sl """"^^ •'" *^* *"?«• Between 1538 and of . Albemarle; Bitiesden Abbey 1^ B^SiS ♦hf«i«* remammg Cistercian houses fell among dure, sprung from Garendon; Bruerwi Ab^^ $S?^?*^ greater monasteries, all victims of Heniy Oxfordshire; Roche Abbey in Yorkshi«.. S.K J2 Vin's rapacity and greed. The calumnies heaped Abbey in 6untingtoMhire which o^ed/te^fe upon these monasteries in the past are now almost to Simon. Earl of NoJ^mnton.^^ nW^iS effaced by the ever-growing .light of truth. The special pri'vilegS tSou^ jSdSg C^untel o?H^f many beautiful monastic ruins, to be found in ington and niece of WiUiamSefcon^^rS-iiS^^ almost every English shire to-day. testify to the Afibey.in LancasW wW^h blran IS i^J-JpfS^ existence of upwards of 1000 monasteries and reli- the Order of SaWgny in 1127 a^be^am^ rtltiSt pous. houses in the greater number of which, at in 1147; Quarr A^^ey in the KTighf^SS the time ofthe euppresion. even on the testimony was of Savignian birth and embraced tSerJterf of Henry VIII's own visitors, "religion was right Citeaux in 1147. as did also PiimWmf™ am.

lTiV.V|P,V"°f "^t^" V'.T^ "^ '^'«'^ T Cheshire. Calde^AbbVi^SSCd^R^^S life haS therefore not been planted m uncongenial Abbey in the Isle of Mkn, SwSead Abb^ to

founder was William Gifford, Bishop of Winchester, year abbeys were founded at &S5 in Kn»w^^ Pope Eugene III in 1147 granted the Waverley hamshire and at Kvlj in wSvS^;™°"¥Sf" monks exemption from tithes for land and cattle, year 1160 was marked by the founZf inn7?Q,i,;„^ A similar privilege was granted to various Cistercian in Norfolk, Jerval in Yori^h^^^d Comji IS houses by different popes. Tintem Abbey, in Mon- Warwickshire. Four foundl^M {irp~ mSf^^K? mouthsMre. was founded in 1131 by Walter de year 1151: Meaux in Swre Tto^l^ln WiH Clare In 1132 Rievaulx Abbey was founded in shire, Flexley in Glouceste^re inrf nJS™ ??..i^ '*" Yorkshire. Among the many privileges granted by in Cumberland T^e^ te s^metimM^S^J^'*^ the popes to the monks of this monLteiy wu the Kingdom of ScoUand H?m^ ?«f^^*** that granW by Alexander III of celebrating the David of Scotland. b^KaimK f^nnl.-^^ Divme Office even during a general interdict, again King Hen^^ Il^f EiSlanf is rf^mirf «  Garendon Abbey in Leicestershire marked a new founder. Meaux^as foradedX Will!«™ ^^i 1 growth in 1133 testifying to the rapid success of Albemarle, who^ v"w t^v^it MSv La^ l«  Waverley, which could in four years give enough commuted by Eugene III into th,fn? t^i monks to people this monairteiy. " Fountain monastery. Tilt^ Abbey "n^l °/j'^*S^,* Abbey becarne Cistercian in 1135 and was in the in War^ckshire are mbLS ^h^ vl.^*"?fi? course of time the mother of many daughter- »nd 1164 respertivety. ^Scr^ in ChSp f!,? houses. Ford Abbey in Devonshire dates from lowed in llfS i^ieuiacres in Cheshire fol-

1136, and in the same year arose Wardon Abbey _ After so rapid and extensive a miwth of ♦!,« 

in Bedfoidehire. one of the most influential of the Cistercian Orcler in Ewland (46 SStim^« i^

Cistercian houses Thaine Abbey in Oxfordshire 25 yeare) there was somi dkht^?fon fTnS

and Bordesley Abbey in Worcestershire are chron- until 1172 were the next foStionTWd^ Th^

icled for the year 1137. The Empress Maud, were at Bindon in Doreetowfe tnd^ClW Ih^

daughter of Henry I and mother of Henry U. was in Cheshire. The A^ o^ ^iJrte &4e^