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undertaking their work was continued by Cardinals Oolmbatore, Diocese of (Coimbatuhbnsis; cf. C.

Vincenzo Vannutelli, de Lai, Martinelli, Pompili, E., IV->95a), in the district of the same name in

Bisleti, Van Rossum, Giustini and Lega. A copy Madras, British India, suffragad of Pondicheny.

of the Code as completed and corrected was sent This diocese, which counts a Catholic population

before its promulgation to all the bishops and to of 43,792 out of a total population of 2,706,000, is

those superiors of religious orders who are legiti- entnisted to the Society of Foreign Missions of

mately invited to oecumenical councils, in order Paris. The present (1922) bishop is Rt. Rev.

that they might freely express their views in re- Augiistin Roy, bom in the diocese of Poitiers 1863,

gard to the canons. After the death of Pius X ordained 1888, appointed 12 February, 1904. The

the completed work was ratified, approved, and Brothers of St. Patrick, Indian Brothers of ^e

sanctioned by His .Holiness Pope Benedict XV, Sacred Heart, Franciscan Missionaries of Mary,

as announced by his Bull Providentissima Mater Sisters of St. Joseph of Tarbes and Indian Nuns

Ecclesia" (27 May, 1917), which decreed that the of the Presentation Order are established here,

prescriptions of the Code should have the force By latest statistics this mission is served by 31

of law from Pentecost, 19 May, 1918. The work, European priests, of whom 4 are in France, and

which was published by the Vatican Press, opens 23 Indian priests, 1 seminanr, 126 churches and

with the Bull of promulsation, "Providentissima chapels, 74 elementary schools and an orphanage

Mater Ecdesia," followed by the Profession of and industrial school.

Faith of Pius y, with the addition of Pius IX oolmbra, Diocbsb op (CoNiMSBiCBNaiB: cf. C.

Then begins the Code proper, comprising 2,414 ^ iv-96b), inthe nrovince of BeiraTfortigal,

canom^ oc^pymg 456 octavo, pages; the canons ^ragaHf Braga this see is now (1922) fiBed

are followed by repnnts of eigU papal constitu- b7 Rt Rev. Kuel-Alo% Coel^^ da SUva, bom

tions dealing with Church government dunng a i^Bvatedo, Portugal, 1859, appointed 31 October,

vacancy and with papal elections, examimitiqns for jgj^^^ ^^^ f^^ j^ ^ ^ ^^^^ ^ j

vacant parishes, solicitation, and marriages m the fg ^^^^Xr, 1913 The bishop of tWs^l^ars

Indies, firazil, and Ethiopia and by a short gen- ^ . j| ^ ^ ^ ^ ^, Pj^J rLsSed by

^?t cS t^rrUiT ^^ ?fti5n^ooVlIit£r^2^^^^^

SI^c^I^'aShF^?' ^^SaAT^lr^^^ Thf Y9l±ristfcs^eSi^^^ ^J^^^^^^'klZ

by t itnf cTrrilSdk S SSdenVsi W b1 ^^^^^-' ^^^^ ^°^^^ P^^^*' Cardinal Gasparri, 17 October, 1917, and by a Motu Ooira, Diocese of. See Chub. Proprio of Benedict XV, dated 15 September, 1917, Ooitt» Diogesb of See Chur appointing a commission for the exclusive authori- ^"^

tative interpretation of the canons of the Code Oolima, Diocese op (Coumbnsis; cf. C. E,

and for the compilation and addition of any pro- IV-lOOc), comprising the state of the same name

visions that in the course of time might be found and part of the State of Jalisco, in Mexico, suf-

necessary. In 1918 a new edition was published fragan of Guadalajara. This diocese covers an area

with a preface giving a summary account of earlier of 3,386 so. miles, and in 1920 counted a population

canonical collections and a history of the compila- of 72,500 divided among 31 parishes and vicariates,

tion of the new Code. Each page of the text of The present incumbent is Rt. Rev. Jos^ Amador

the canons is provided with footnotes indicating the Velasco, bom in this diocese 1856, served as vicar

sources from which the different canons were de- general of the diocese, appointed 17 July, 1902. rived; the notes, like the anal3rtical index and

the preface, are the work of His Eminence Cardinal Collation (cf. C. E., n-475).— Benefices may be

Gasparri. * granted by cardinals in their own titles or deaoon-

The Code is divided into five books. The first n^s, but not by vicar-generals. Brides aU con-

book (can. 1-86) deals with certain general regula- sistonal benefices and aU dignities of cathedral or

tions, the relation of the Code to the Oriental collegiate churches, the following are reserved to

Church, to concordats, to the liturgy, to custom, to i^^ H^ly See (even during a vacancy) : (a) all

statutory law. and to privileges. The second book benefices rendered vacant by the death, promotion,

(can. 87-725) treats of persons: clerics, religious, renunciation or transfer of cardinals, papal legates,

and laics; the third book (can. 726-1551) of things: ^^er officials of the Sacred Congregations, tnbu-

sacraments, sacred places, and times, Divine service, ^«» and offices of the Roman Curia, and of those

teaching authority of the Church, benefices and w°° ^^^ members, even nonoraiy, of the papal

church property; the fourth book (can. 1552-2195) family at the time of vacating the benefice- (b)

with ecclesiastical procedure: trials, beatifications which, though founded outside of the Roman Cuna.

and canonizations, special proceedings against have become vacant by the death of the beneficiary

clerics; and the fifth book (can. 2195-2414) with »^ ?ome; (c) which have been mvahdly wnferred

crimes, punishments, and special offenses. owmg to simony; (d) benefices which the pope

Among the commentaries or treatises on the new ^ ^^^n under control when he has personally

legislation are: Blat, "Commentarium textus" <? by proxy declared the election void or forbidden

(Rome, 191^ ); Leitner, "Handb. des kathol. ^!^e electors to hold it, or accepted the renuncia-

Kirchenrechts" (1919) ; Maroto, "Institutiones juris ^»o»». or promoted or transferred the benefiaary or

Canon" (Madrid, 1921); Noval, "Commentarium depnved him of the benefice, or given ^e benefice

Codicis: de Processibus" (Turin. 1920); Cappello, "» commendam. If an ordmapr fails to grant a

"Tractatus canonico-moralis de sacramentis" (Turin, benefice withm six months after learning of the

1921); Sole, "De delictis et pcenis" (Rome. 1920); vacancy-except when be judges it prudent under

Vermeersch-Creusen. "Epitome juris canonici" special circumstances not to fill a parochial benefice

(Malines. 1921); and in English, Augustine "Com- ^^be right of collation devolves on the Holy See.

mentary" (in 6 vols.. 1918- ) ; Ayrinhac "Marriage ^ No one can grant a benefice to himself ; all bene-

Legislation" (1919), and "Penal Legislation" fices must be granted for the lifetime of the holder,

(1920); Petrovits. "On Matrimony" (1921); Papi, ^^^ ^-be terms of the foundation, or immemorial

"Relieious Profession" custom, or a special indult provides otherwise.

VoiMBBuscH-csnirsEN. EvU. fur. can., 17-20. Clerics or laymen knowingly presenting or nominat-