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public worship, and on these Cupyers impressed the Varoshia, 6,127; Paphos and Ktema, 3,946; K3rrema. seal of hifl art, drawn from the best medieval tradi- 1,086. There are six administrative districts named tions. For years his conception of art was virulently after these towns.

opposed, but finally he won official recognition in Education.— In 1919-20 there were 741 schools his own country and abroad. In 1^7 his seventieth open with 935 teachers and 41^87 scholars^ an in- birthday wafl celebrated with national honors, and crease of 571 schools and 35,111 pupils since 1881. at that time he had akeady built 64 churches and These schools were maintained at an expense of restored 570 others, besides designing many secular £40,829, which was raised by assessments on the buildings, and his active work continued for many villaf^es supporting schools, and includes grants from years &ter. religious bodies and private persons, as well as a

In 1870 Doctor Cuypers was entrusted with the grant of £12,000 from the Government. There are restoration of the Mams cathedral, and the Gov* two secondary Moslem schools for boys and one emment placed him on the Advisory Board of for girls; the Greek Christian community supports Historical and Artistic Monuments. In 1876 he seven secondary schools for boys and one for drls, designed the National Museum of Amsterdam, his on which a sum of £13,447 was expended, the Gov- greatest achievement in secular architecture. Among emment grant being £670. The English school at the churches built or restored by him are St. Nicosia (undenominational), which is conducted on Willibrod's and the Church of the Sacred Heart in the lines of an English grammar school, and the Amsterdam, the church at Eindhoven, the cathe- American Academy at I^maca (attached to the dnil of Breda, St. James* and Church of Our Lady Reformed Pre8b3rterian Mission) have continued at The Hague, the Church at Jutphass, the minster their work, as have also a commercial school, of Roermond, and his crowning work, the beautiftd founded at Lamythou in 1912 by Mr. D. Mtas. cathedral at Haarlem. Doctor Cuypers was an The secondary schools are chiefly classical. The officer of the fYench Legion of Honor, associate Moslem Idadi school's program is arranged to pre* member of the Institute of American Architecture, pare boys for higher education at Constantinople, of the Institute of British Architecture, and of like and the Greek Christian schools prepare their pupils bodies in Petrograd, Vienna, Stockholm, Madrid, for the university at Athens. The secondary school etc. He presided at the International Congresses at Lamaca is a commercial lyceum. of Architects in Brussels in 1897, in Paris in 1900, (jOvbrnmbnt. — ^The High Commission of Cyprus in Madrid in 1904, in Li^e in 1905, in Vienna in has the usual powers of a colonial governor. There 1908, honors which he valued for the sake of his is an executive council consisting of the chief secre- faith and his principles of art. tary, the king's advocate, the treasurer, with three

Onico, DiocESB OF (Cuschbnsib; cf. C. E., I'^^y resident additional members.. The L^ IV-.580d), suffragan of Lima, Peru, South America. ^^^ consists of eighteen members six being office This see is filled by Rt. Rev. Pedro-Paschasio ^^S^^^"^: including the chief secretary, the kmrt Farfan, bom in Cuzco 1870, studied at the diocesan advo^te, and the treasurer, and twelve elected seminary, served as fiscal promoter and chanceUor i}^^ five years), tluree by Mohammedan and nine of the cathedral, and was appointed Bishop of by non-Mohammedan voters. Huarez 6 March, 1907, transferred 19 April, 1918, Rbu?«on.— In the Arch^oceaeofC^rv^ a to succeed Rt. Rev. jU Gregorio Castro, ^tired Maromte fee, there were (1921) 30,300 Catholics, and transferred to the titular see of Clazomenes 13 SJ ^.?°°^ ^'S? u °u^ t*5? -U* ii* °^ Cypru^ November, 1917. The 1920 statistics credit the ^ villages, 20 chimshes, 120 pnests, 14 con^^^ diocese with 480,680 Catholics, 14 deaneries com- ^?il^^J5?« ^*T ^^ ^^^^'^ convents of Aleppines prising 37 parishes, 90 secular priests, 313 churches, ]^^^ }^ monks^ 1 convent of Antonme nuns tnth 833 public chapels, and 4 semmariai^ at the sei^ 20 rehgpous, and 1 convent of mioionanes of the nary of Lima Latin nte. A seminary with 30 students is annexed

Cydades (cf^ C E r^^W^The a^ of the ^pS^^^SS^^t^^^^^^ lISTA^uTd^JS^

Cydades is about 1,050 square mil^; 24 of the ^^ ^ pj^^ ^oghhe, deoiased, as Archbishop islands possess an area of more than 9 square ^^ q^^ ^^ ^^ ^1^1 ^^^hor of seVeral worics in

?^^ u f *t*^f ♦^"^I!?- ^*y^ * ^?iS?iJ?^*k ^ Arabic, amongst them the translation of the Summa 130,206, but the latest estimate gives 146,000, the ^^ g^. Thomas Aquinas

densest population, 156 per square mile, being .pj^^ gj 3 ,^ ^^ Cyprus gives the foUowing

^°"^'2 A?"' ^ r^^ ^^^^tu ^- ^A statistics of other denominations represented m a good deal of emigration, mostlyto the mainlMid ^^ ^^ ^ Autocephalous Church of Cyprus (Greek ortoAmenca. After the Balkan Wars the Cyckdes orthodox), 2S2fi& followers, 657 cfiurches, 11 were included among the four generd admimstra- cenobitical monasteries, 84 non-cenobitical monas- tions set up by Greece m Macedoma, Epirus, Crete, ^ ^es; Moslem, 62,000 members, 202 mosque^, 15 and the islands of the archipelago, receiving gen- ^^ ; convent^ of dervishes, 8 seminaries;

A?K^nfl^foT.r^,rpn^o^^^^^ S Armenian Greporians, 640 members, 2 churches, 1 Athens, but otherwise enjoj^ a W measure of monastery under the Gregorian Patriarch of Jeru- mdependence. Owing to the disturbances of the galem; Church of England. 400 members, 3 churches. World War this abnormal arrangement has held f'ehuich rooms, under the Bishop in Jerusalem; good up to the present. Presbyterians, etc., 100 members, 1 church, chiefly Oyprns (cf. C. E., rV-n589d), island in the Med- attached to the Reformed Pre^yterians at Lamaca; iterranean formerly administered bv Great Britain Jews, 200 members, 1 synagogue, 1 settlement at under a convention concluded with the Sultan of Mar^o and a few scattered communities. No de- Turkey at Constantinople, 4 June, 1878. After the nomination receives state aid. outbreak of hostilities with Turkey, the island was

annexed by Great Britain, 5 November, 1914. The Oiaplicka, Marib Antoineitb, scientist and

area is 3,584 square miles; the population (census author, b. near Warsaw, Poland: d. in Ensland,

of 1911), 274,108, including 144 military population. June, 1921. In 1910 she came to London, with the

The estimated poptdation in 1919 and 311,108. The Mianowski Research scholars from Warsaw, and

principal towns are Nicosia (the capital), 18,461; studied at Somerville College, Oxford, iroecialising

Laniaca, 10,652; limasol, 11,843; Famagusta and in anthropology and taking the Oxford diploma in