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Hobart, Archdiogesb of (Hobartiensib; cf. C. 1859 to 1865, he went to Rome to gather material E., Vin-^380d), comprises Tasmania, Brum Island, for the story of the Jesuits in Ireland in the penal Maria Island, and the islands in Bass Straits. The days. For twenty years he filled the chair of Irish present archbishop is Rt. Rev. Patrick Delany, b. in the Royal University of Ireland, and for three at Tonacor, Ireland, 1 February, 1853, ordained years he delivered the Todd Memorial Lectures 1879, left for Australia 1885, elected titular bishop in the Royal Academy of Ireland, of which he was of Laranda and coadjutor t^ the Archbishop of a council member and honorary secretary of foreign Hobart 15 June, 1893, succeeding to the see 29 correspondence. He was likewise an original gov- December, 1907. Increased labors caused the arch- emor of the School of Irish Learning, and was one bishop to petition the Holy See for a coadjutor, of the commissioners for the publication in the and in August, 1919, Most Kev. William Barry, b. Rolls Series of the Brehon Laws, the ancient laws in Middleton, Ireland, 1 January, 1872, ordained and institutes- of Ireland. In the linguistic field 1898, elected 7 April, 1919, titular bishop of Pes- Hogan's most notable achievement was probably sinus, was consecrated in Syndey. his contribution to our knowledge of neuter nouns

The population of Tasmania is estimated at in Old Irish, of which he identified more than 218,000, and the Catholics number about 35,000. three thousand, at a time when they were almost The archdiocese is divided into 22 parishes with 72 unknown to scholars. Hogan's writings, which all churches and 39 stations. Besides the archbishop relate to Ireland, are authoritative and are the fruit and his coadjutor there are 29 secular and 2 regular of deep research. His magnum opus is his in- (M.S.H.) priests, 13 Irish Christian Brothers, and valuable Onomasticon Goedelicum Locorum et 109 nuns. There are 2 colleges in charge of the Tribuum Hibernise et Scotise, a dictionary of Christian Brothers, St. Virgil's at Hobart with 157 Gaelic names of places and tribes, compiled from students, St. Patrick's at Launceston with 120 stu- all the old Irish manuscripts and published early dents, 1 boarding school for boys and 3 for girls, texts, with identifications based on the citations 4 superior day scnools and 25 primary schools with from the texts. On this work he spent the last 3450 children, 1 orphanage with 51 children, 1 Mag- ten years of his active literary career. Among his dalen Home under the care of Sisters of the Go^ other writings (a bibliography of which is given by Shepherd with 130 inmates. Two convents are John MacErlean in ^'Studies," 1917, pp. 668-671) registered for the training of teachers. The com- may be mentioned as specially interesting and im- mimities of Sisters, who have charge of every important: "Ibemia Ignatiana, seu Ibemorum school but one, are Sisters of Charity, Order of the Societatis Jesu Patrum monumenta (1880), Life, Presentation B.V.M., Sisters of St. Joseph, Sisters Letters and Diary of H. Fitzsimon, S.J.," "Dis- of Mercy, Sisters of the Good Shepherd, and Sisters tinguished Irishmen of the Sixteenth Century" of the Sacred Heart. (180^), Irish Phrasj Book" (1891), "A Handbook

The "Catholic Standard, the official organ of of Irish Idioms" (1898), "Outlines of the Grammar the archbishop, is Tasmania's Catholic paper. The of Old Irish" (1900), "Luibhleabhran" (1900), a Government does not support the Catholic schools, dictionary of Gaelic names of herbs, plants, etc., which are subject to inspection and examination "History of the Irish Wolf Dog" (1897), "The Irish by State school inspectors, and eveiy school and People: Their Height, Form and Strength" (1899), teacher must be registered. State endowments to and his editions of "Vita Sancti Patricii" (1882), religion were withdrawn in 1869, but sums of money from the Book of Armagh, "Cath Ruis na Rig for were voted according to the number of adherents Borim" (1892), and "The Irish Nennius" (1895). to the churches, and that set aside for Catholics „An Cbaoibhin (Douguls Hydb), a Great Irish Scholar in yields about £1400 a year. Allowance is made for ^'"^"*' ^^ ^^•"^' ~'•^•

children sent to the orphanage by the Government. HoUand (cf. C. E., VII-^386d).-The area of Hoi- The usual sodalities are orgamzed among the laity j^^^ is 12,582 so. miles, and according to the census t^l^r?* «)cieties, including the Hibernian, St. ^^^^^ ^ December, 1920, the population was 6,841,- Vincent de Paul, and Catholic Federation ().ne ^^ The largest towns with their populations in 31 rf l^'i^^ "^fl ^ * chaplam, and the Cathohcs December, 1919, are: Amsterdam 647,120; Rotter- ntv '^i^ ♦K^'"' P^^P^^^^g. °^ volunteere and ^ ^^^ ^^^ ^ague 359,610; Utrecht 138,334; itZ .SiPr^rfor^^rnf^v ' v.'.r,^H^^ 1Q1Q Th' Groninpen 89,030. In 1919 there were 164,447 births XX,?p«f wl^^^^^ 89,646 deaths, 58,270 marriages. Li the same year the

^Mi^^Si rlfhnU^'.Z^^^I^f \^X\.fnh^f emigration, mostly to North America, was 2439. On i?^!;.Inrn W J^^^^^ Jn^f^nSfS' ^nH ^^ Juue, 1918, a law was passed for the purpose of

Rn^fnK ' ^ ^ °^ ^ Conning a new province by the draining of the

°^°^*^'^' Zuiderzee to the exten* of 523,000 acres, a work

Hogan, Edmund Ignatius, historian and Gaelic which is expected to take fifteen years and to cost scholar, b. near Cobh, Ireland, 23 January, 1831; 66,250,000 florins (1 florin=IO .402 normal exchange), d. at Dublin on 26 November, 1917. Entering the (jtovebnment. — ^Holland is a constitutional mon- Society of Jesus at the age of sixteen he was archy, with executive power vested in the sover- ordained nine years later. Endowed with a phe- eign. Queen Wilhelmina, and legislative power in nomenal memory, a keen historical sense, and un- the Sovereign and the Parliament or States-General, tiring energy he devoted himself to the history, which consists of two chambers, the upper chamber antiouities, and language of Ireland. He was one having 50 members elected for nine years by the of the small body of brilliant scholars, grouped states, and the second or lower chamber of 100 around Eugenne O'Curry and John O'lDonovan, deputies elected directly for four years. The Elec- who laid a scientific foundation for the present-day toral Reform Act, passed 12 December, 1917, pro- revival of the Irish language and culture, the vides for imiversal suffrage and proportional source of inspiration of Ireland's recent fight ior representation. According to the electoral reform independence. As the youngest of these savants, act, passed 9 August, 1919, the members of the Edmund Hogan was the connecting link between lower house directly elected by citizens of both them and the twentieth century workers who are sexes who are Dutch subjects not imder twenty- now holding up a rigorous Gaelic culture. After tluree yeans old. It was stipulated, however, that teaching in the Sacred Heart College, Limerick imtil further regulations are introduced, the mem- (of which he was one of the original staff), from bers of the second chamber will be elected only