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Ibagad, DioGBSB op (Ibaouensis; cf. C. E^ Vn- Agricuiaurb.— The latest irrigation project in the 613a), suffragan of Bogota, Colombia. The fint State, involving an expenditure of 1100,000,000, iivill

and present bishop is Kt. Rev. Ismael Perdomo, utilise the waters of the Snake River in reclaiming

consecrated 1903. The diocese, founded in 1901, the desert of the southern portion of the State, and

has mourned the deaths of several of the clergy who guarantee a supply of water to 2,600,000 * acres,

took part in building it up; Rev. Jesus M. Statistics for 1919 give the value of farm products

Restrepo, who served as vicar general of the dio- as over 1126,000,000; wheat, being valued at $36,-

cese of Tolima before its division into Ibajsue 648,087; hay at $50,802,765; potatoes at 113,546,798.

and Garzon, Revs. Fausto Pardome, Francisco The alfalfa yield (1917) was 1,500,000 tons; oat

Hurtado, Francisco Gonzalez, Demetrio Luque, yield (1919) 7,70O,0()0 bushels,

and Job6 J. Villar. A new church is under con- Other Ikdustrieb.— In 1919 there were 194 saw

struction in the city of Guame, financed through mills and planing mills, with an output valued at

the generosity of the family of Caicedo Ibanez, $30,088,000. The State forest lands, including barren

which promises, when completed, to be one of the or grazing lands, young timber growth or mer-

most beautiful in the diocese. The Salesian Fathers chantable timber, cover 723,000 acres. The total

have also midertaken the construction of a church merchantable timber belonfldng to the State is

which will be dedicated to Our Lady of Mount approximately 10,130,000,000 bd. ft., valued at $30,-

Carmel. Latest statistics credit the diocese with 000,(X)0 In Idaho there were, in 1918, eight great

^ parishes, 74 churches, 42 secular and 17 regular sugar factories producing from sugar beets grown

clemr, 10 Marist and 11 Christian Brothers, 43 on irrigated lands 88,200,000 pounds of sugar. The

Brotners of the Presentation and 4 Vincentian total output of manufacturing plants in 1919 was

Brothers, 10 seminarians making higher studies and $80,414,000, and 13,917 workmen were employed.

35 making preparatory studies, 2 official higher Communication.— In 1915 the Celilo Canal on

schools for boys with 139 students, 7 for girls with the Oregon side of the Columbia River was opened,

223 students, 2 intermediate schools with 60 pupils, giving Idaho a seaport, Lewiston. Vessels can pass

1 normal school for men with 26 pupils, 1 normal for 480 miles from the Pacific to Lewiston. The

school for women with 46 pupils, 2 tecnnical schools, railroad mileage in 1918 was 2,861.13 miles,

one with 122 male students, the other with 72 female Education.— The State University has a faculty

students, 1 conservatory of music, 1 private school, of 90 and a student body of 1330. In 1918 there

364 official elementary schools with 9021 boys and were 3118 teachers in the public schools, and 93,236

10,022 girls, 1 asylum under construction and 12 pupils enrolled; the total expenditure for all educa-

hospitals. The Society of St. Vincent de Paul is tion in that year was $5,369,965. For statistics of

organized, and two periodicals, EI Meridiane" and Catholic schools see Boisb, Diocbsb op.

"Ei Carmen," are published here. State laws relative to private and parochial

Ibarra, Diocese op (Ibarrensis; cf. C. E, VH- schools are as follows: no public money shaU be

613b), ii Northern Ecuador, suffragan of Quito. ^ ^ ^^^P. ^PP^^ t^^'^^'^K^,!^^. "^^^"^

The present bishop is Rt. Rev. Alberto Ordonez, J^^ranr or scientific insUtuto^^

bom In Cuenca 2 November, 1872, elected 4 Decem- J^^.^^. ^L,wr/^r. L^'^nX fo nTiS.^ o?

ber to succeed Mgr. Perez y Quinones, transferred i^'^lL^^'^t^^^^

to Riobamba. On 8 December, 1917, the bishop ?eclarante; all holders of certificates must attend

entered his see. On 1 October, 1921, a school under ^^^ HiSTORT^Recent legislative measures in


Charity have founded a school in Atuntaqui. The ^ mcrease m the membership of the House of

second^ .emana social of all the Catholic circles J^!PJ?^^i?;*7.1u\^%K^^^^^^ nf^wW^^f

in the diocese was held in Ibarra in 1921. Accord- commission (1913), the adoption of mothers pcm-


d^ts, 2 forTrisNri^^^^^ student 6 e em7nta^ ^iU was p^d, also.a measure ^providing for the

ucubB, « iwi B"« TT.v** w ovt*«Y*A«», Y ™".'; ,",f employment of convicts m the buildins of roads

?h^^'«ri*H \?T.K 'l „?S;™ 5 ri?o^ S in mountainous districts. Under the cS«y Act s

Ibarra and 1 m lulcan, I orphanage, 5 circles oi _.^__ ;_,•„♦•„ «.<^«^ ^^a « »««.»ii»i ««:i.^.^ \^^a

Catholic workers, 1 Catholic paper, and organiza- ?ew irrigation system and a parallel railroad lead-

v^utuuiii/ rrwin-cio, x vyai,**^**^ k«f^»i «"" «ni»«**»«« j^ from Boisc luto Bruucau County was developed,

tions of the laity m all the centers of population. J^ ^^^ p^^^ ^^ ^,^j^j^ about^75.000 acres^;

Idaho. — ^The area of the State of Idaho is 83,888 agricultural purposes. An Anti-Alien Bill was in-

sq. miles. troduced in 1917 with the purpose of preventing

Population. — In 1921 the population of the State the Japanese from owning land in the State. At

was estimated at 431,866, and that of its capital, the protest of the U. S. Secretary of State the bill

Boise, at 36,900. was withdrawn. On 10 December, 1917, the U. S.

Resources. — ^The Idaho mines in 1918 produced Supreme Court upheld the prohibition law of the

minerals valued at $36,522,158; lead yielaed 120,- State, holding that a citizen has no constitutional

923,416; silver, $9,172,340; copper, $1,613^70; gold, right to possess liquor for his private use if the

$1,373,131.40; zinc, $4,109,716. State wishes to forbid it. Idaho ratified the national

388