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Page:Catholic Encyclopedia, volume 17.djvu/421

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Switzerland, and America, as well as from the Quakers, provided means for furnishing luncheon and dinner to the students. In addition to the above a contribution which arrived in the summer of the year 1920 from Rochester, New York, and Chicago, Illinois, consisting of lard, bacon, flour, rice, com beef and condensed milk, valued at 100,250,000 cronin. relieved anxiety, supply of neces- saries for montns, and removed a tremendous financial burden. Free meals at the Mensa Academica were supplied during the winter semester to eighty students, and during the summer semester to ninety-three students.

Below is given a table showing the ai)portionment of the instructional staff at the imiversity :



Theology .


Medicine . Philosophy

Totals ..





















40 8


Entire total, 168.

During the year 1919-1920 the following was the attendance at the lectures given by the various faculties :

Winter Semester

Summer Seme8t«r



85 117 185 290

66 114



195 304




The university has also undertaken a series of popular lectures which are open to the public without charge. These lectures were given on a variety of subjects, for instance, philosophical, social, historical, scientific, medical and legal. The total attendance at these courses was 1428.

Inquisition, Canonical (cf. C. E., VIII-38b).— Though the special inquisition preliminary to enter- taining a charge of crime against a cleric may be held by the local ordinary, it is usually entrusted to one of the synodal judges, or for special reasons to another priest. The mquisitor must be dele- gated specially on each occasion and for a single case only, and can never act in the same trial as judge. When his report indicates that the denuncia- tion is without solid foundation, a record of this fact is to be kept in the secret archives; if, how- ever, there are indications of a crime having been committed which are insufficient for citing the cleric for trial, the record is to be similarly preserved and the conduct of the suspected party is to be kept under superx'ision ; finally, if the evidence is certain or at least probable and sufficient for formulating an accusation, the cleric should be sum- moned to appear.

Inatitnte of the Brothers of the Ohristian Schoohi (cf. C. E., VIII-56a).— Members of this congregation take annual vows at the end of their

novitiate, triennial vows at twenty-two years of age, and are admitted to perpetual profession at the age of twenty-five. The present superior gen- eral is Brother Imier de Jesus Lafabregue, bom in 1855, entered the institute in 1869, provincial visitor to the United States, assistant general in 1907, and elected siiperior general in 1913, replacing Brother Gabriel-M!arie, who resigned because of his ad- vanced age. There are: in Belgium 85 establish- ments conducted by the Brothers, comprising about 66 popular free schools, boarding schools, official normal schools, and trade schools known as St. Luke schools; 35 houses in Germany, Austria, Hun- gry, Bohemia, Galicia, Albania, Bulgaria, and Rumania; in Spain, including the Canaries and the Balearic Isles, 136 houses of the institute, of which about 111 are popular gratuitous schools; in Italy 37 houses, of which 9 are in Rome; in the Levant, Turkey, Syria, and Egypt, 50 houses which are centers of Christian education and influence and are liberally patronized by the people of those countries; in the district of England and Ireland 35 houses, the Brothers for the most part being engaged in the national schools; 95 houses in Mexico, Cuba, Ecuador, Colombia, Panama, Argen- tina, Chile, Venezuela, Peru, Bolivia, and Brazil; and 66 houses with nearly 24,000 pupils in Canada. In the United States the institute has four prov- inces, Baltimore, New York, St. Louis, and San Francisco. In the Baltimore province the Brothers conduct establishments in the Archdioceses of Baltimore and Philadelphia, and in the dioceses of Newark, Richmond, Savannah, Scranton, and Wheeling. The Brothers number 225, novices 30, scholastics 9, junior novices 33, pupils 7136, orphans 720, pupils in industrial schools 839. In the New York province the Brothers conduct 38 establish- ments in the archdioceses of New York, Boston, and Halifax, and in the dioceses of Albany, Buffalo, Brooklyn, Detroit, Manchester, Fall River, S3Tacuse, and Providence. There are 460 Brothers, 15 novices, 7 scholastics, 40 postulants, 16,000 pupils. In the St. Louis province the Brothers conduct establish- ments in the archdioceses of Chicago, St. Louis, and St. Paul, and in the dioceses of Kansas City, St. Joseph, Duluth, Nashville, and Winona. The Brothers number 208, novices 13, postulants 37, scholastics 9, pupils 3300, colleges 2, high schools 12, parochial schools 2. In the San Francisco province the Brothers conduct establishments in the arch- dioceses of Oregon City and San Francisco, and in the dioceses of Sacramento and Los Angeles. There are 80. Brothers, 1 scholastic, 4 novices, 18 postulants, 2562 pupils, 1 college, 4 high schools, 3 parochial schools, 1 orphanage and industrial school, 1 scholasticate and normal training school, 1 novitiate, 1 juniorate.

HERMEJrt, St. J. B. de la SaJXe, Etude pSdagogiqye (Avi^on, 1914); WoLTcas, De H. Johannes Baptiata de la Salle, atichter der Congregatie de Broedera der Chriatelijke Sckolen ('s Qra- venhage, 1919); Bbug, Der heilige Johannes Baptist de la Salle tmd seine padagogigische Stiftung (Ratisbon, 1918); Remie Beige de Pidagogxe. Manuel du Catichiste, nUthodologie de Venseignement de la religion (Paris, 1907); Uistoire de la pidagogie (Gembloux, 1919).

Institute of Mary (cf. C. E., VIII-n54a).— Owing to the political disturbances in Europe during the last three centuries, the Institute of Mary has been split up into several generalates. At the present day (1922) there are subject to the Insti- tute in Bavaria 126 houses: 107 in Bavaria itself, 5 in England, 3 in Italy, 5 in Rumania, and 6 in India. Of these 13 are new foundations. The total number of members is 3345. In Bavaria the number of pupils is 38,860; in Rumania, 3300; in India, 060; m England, 580; in Italy, 490. In 1911