MAKY 490 MA&7LAKD
Mary, Saint, Sisters of. See Saint Mary members, located in 59 establishments of which 6 arc
Sisters of. colleges, 20 high schools, and the remainder parish
-- -, ,^ ^ . r^ r? schools. St. Mary's College at Dayton, Ohio, was
Mary, Servants of (Order op Servites; cf. C. E., established as the University of Dayton in 1920, in
IX-750b).— At the general chapter of the order, which year colleges of Education and of Finance and
held m Florence m 1913, Rev. Meias Lepicier, b. Commerce, and the School of Sociology were added:
at Vancouleura, France, and professor of dogma the College of Engineering was open^ in 1911: and
at Propaganda, was elected prior general to succeed the pre-Medical School began its courses in 1916.
Rev. Guiseppe Lucchesi. On account of the troubl- The Society has 2 provinces in the United States:
time the next general chapter was not held until the Cincinnati Province with 39 institutions and 370
1920, and Fr. Lepicier ruled the order for seven members; and the St. Louis Province with 20 in-
instead of six years. His successor is Aloysius Taba- stitutions and 181 members. The latter has its
nelli, professor of moral theology at the Bologna provincial house and novitiate at Maryhurst, near
Seminary, elected prior general at the general chap- Kirkwood, Mo., with a normal school under erection*
ter held at Monteberico, Vicenza, 1920. In 1913, The residence of the provincial of the Cincinnati
the order assumed a mission, detached from the Province is at Mount St. John, Dayton, Ohio.
Vicariate Apostolic of Natal, in Swaziland. The New foundations in the Cincinnati Province are:
superior of the mission resides at the capital. Cathedral Latin School, Cleveland, Ohio; West
Nbabanc. In 1914 apostolic work was also taken Philadelphia Catholic High School for Boys, Phila-
up at S. Antonio de Obligado, Santa Fe, Argentina, delphia, Pa.; Mount St. John Normal School, Dayton,
In 1920 Mgr. Prosper Bemardi, consecrated titular Ohio; and a new Juniorate at Beacon, N. Y. Bishop of raltus, became the first prelate of the
Prelature of Acre and Purus in Brazil, detached Mary, of St. Philip, Sister. See Leschbr,
from the Diocese of Manaos. He reached his new Frances Mary.
official residence, Senna Madureira, in August. In »-.,.„
1910 two new houses of the order were opened, MaryknoU. See Foreign Mission Society of
one in Chicago, and one at Ladysmith, Wis., and America, Catholic.
also two missions in Missouri, one at Maiden, and iLrai.wi«*i*i / r r« t? tv »»eeL\ rrortland, i-tl!'^^',^ increase of 154,315 or of 11^ per cent
Ore. The novitiat^ of the American Sisters hai ft^^^t,^^^^' T*"^ *TA^| number of persons to
been transferred from Cheropee, la., to Omaha, ^^^ ^^"^ ™*^^ ^^ ^^^^: ^he urban population
Neb. Mgr. PeUegrino Stagni, foiiner prior general S?f ^ per.cent; the rural population 40 per cent.
of the Servites and Apostolic Delegate to (Janada, JJfJ!^^"^*^'-'^ "^M^^ ^%^^ has decreased in
died 23 September, 1918. ^^fj^. "'^^^^^^^ «'^*^ '^i^I?^ ^"^u '^?o7."5S^"
^ * enth in 1920. The negro population is about 244,000.
Mary, Soctety of, op Paris (Marianistes; cf. Baltimore increased 31 per cent in population dur-
C. E., IX— 752b).— In 1917 the Society had 170 i°g the census decade 1910-20. The federal census
houses and 1800 relijpous. The superior general. 9^ 1^20 gives it 733,826 inhabitants as against 558,485
Very Rev. Joseph Hiss, celebrated his sacerdotal ii^ 1^10. The religious census of 1916 shows 2936
golden jubilee in 1921, the occasion being com- church organizations with a membership (communi-
memorated throughout the order. For its scholarly cants) of 602,587. The Census Bureau dropped the
works in Japan the Society was awarded a prize of word "communicants" and accepted from each body
10,000 francs by the French Academy, 25 November, its own report of members. Tne number of Catho-
1920. This prize was instituted for spreading a lies is therefore put down in 1916 as 219,530. Other
knowledge of the French language outside of France, totals are: Baptists, 44,866; Disciples, or Christians,
And according to a statement in "Tunisie catholique" 5719; Dunkers, 6538; Friends, 4790; Methodists,
(2 Oct., 1920} it is through the Marianistes that the 166,445; Presbyterians, 21,551; Reformed Presby-
intellectually ^lite of the oourgeoisie and the official terians, 15^01 ; United Brethren, 8428. The total
world in Japan have learned to know France in her number of church edifices reported was 2879, with
language, her history, and her spirit, as have also a valuation of $29,162,381.
the common people. They reach all classes of people Resources. — ^There were 4937 manufacturing e&-
in Japan, through their academies, commercial tablishments in the State in 1919, with 140.400 wage
schools, mght schools and vocation schools for adults, earners. The capital invested was 1619,607,000 and
and normal school. The academy at Tokio numbers the total value of products $873,945,000. In 1920
1200 pupils, of whom 553 are in the primary classes Maryland had 47,908 farms valued at $463,638,120.
and 647 in secondary classes: the commercial school In the same year the value of the agricultural
at Osaka has 868 pupils; and the academy at Nagasaki crops was $109,811,164; com, wheat, hay, and to-
has 647. There are 64 students at the apostolic bacco are the principal crops. The fisheries of the
school at Urakami. The College of St. Joseph at state are very valuable, especially the oyster fish-
Yokohoma has 253 pupils recruited chiefly from the eries which yield more than those of any other
foreign settlement in the city composed mostlv of state. There are ample facilities for traffic both
English and Americans. The Mananistes wish to by sea and land, the state having 1409 miles of
found other schools at Osaka and Fukuoha, but the railway track, while 30 or more steamboat lincss
losses suffered by the Society during the war and the enter the port of Baltimore. The construction of a
lack of subjects, due to difficulties in the recruiting Chesapeake and Delaware ship canal by the Federal
of religious since 1903, make this at present impos- Government is m progress and its extension from
sible. In Hawaii the Marianistes direct the College Norfolk to North Carolina has been recommended,
of St. Louis at Honolulu, with 950 pupils of whom Education.— In 1920 there were in Maryland
400 are non-Catholics. Since its foundation in 64,434 illiterates over 10 years of age. Of the native
1883 there have been 273 conversions to the faith at whites, 13,884 illiterates or 2 per cent, were of native
t-iis college, and in 1920 alone there were 74. parentage, 1484 or 9 per cent, were of foreign or
In the United States the Society numbers 561 mixed parentage. The illiterates among the foreign