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operations in Dublin. A terrific bombardment had in the ecclesiastical province of Esztfersom (Gran), set the center of Dublin City wholly ablaze. The This diocese since 7 September, 1754, nas enjoved loss of life was appalling, while banks, churches and the perpetual right of the pallium. The present bishop

for the best interests of Ireland. . . I am not afraid to Martin de Buch, papal chamberlain to Popes Leo

face the judgment of God or the judgment of pos- XIII and Pius X, elected 11 December, 1906, con-

terity . Connelly, wounded with a bullet through the secrated in the Sistine Chapel by Pius X, 21 Decem-

thigh, still directea the defence. Commandant Daly ber following and enthronea 14 January, 1906.

had destroyed the Linen Hall Barracks, but was sur- Ehiring the Servian occupation (1918-1921) the

rounded at Four Courts. Coimtess Markievicz, after clergy fearlessly strove to bring about the expulsion

being driven from the trenches in Stephen's Green, of the invaders, and some priests were incarcerated and

was defending the College of Surgeons. Commandant others were martyred. Among those put to death are:

honorary canon and professor of

  • err, editor of the weekly "Pecsi

Tselstoger, pastor at Olaz; Ludovicus

Union. On Saturday the; General Post Office was set Lesfuvaz,' O. S. Fr.; Canon Dionj'sius Mosowyi;

aflame and the Republican Government had to evacu- Abel fiuf essy , O . Cist . , director of the archgynmasium

ate the headquarters there, which Pearse was the last in Pecs. At the time of the Communist uprising

to leave. From new headquarters he sent a message some of the clergy took an active part as leaders against

asking for terms. These were refused and at two the revolution.

o'clock Pearse surrendered unconditionally to Sir The following clergy of note are recently deceased:

John Maxwell. He then sent out notices to com- Canon Julius Wajdis (d. 21 March, 1920), a man of

mandants of the surviving Volunteer bodies, ordering ereat sanctity, called "the father of the poor;

arms to be laid down, "in order to prevent a further Adalbert Horvath, translator of Hun^rinn poems into

slaughter of unarmed people and in tne hope of saving Croatian and of Slavonic poetry mto Hungarian,

lives of our followers, now surrounded and hopelessly A notable e^ent for the diocese was the founding of a

outnumbered." weekly, "Dunantul," which intrepidly upheld Catholic

And BO the rising ended, the outstandins forces doctrme during the Communistic uprising and sup- laying down their arms on Sunday. There followed a ported the Hungarian cause during the tmie of the round-up of Irish Irelanders. To have been heard Servian occupation.

to speak Irish was cause enough for the breadwinner There are 532,800 Catholics in the diocese, as com- to be torn from his family. Hundreds of Irishmen pared with 18,200 Schismatics, 46,200 Lutherans, were crowded into congested prisons and sent to 85,500 Calvinists, and 18,700 Jews. There are internment camps and fifteen of the leaders, including 347 secular and 84 regular priests, assisted by 25 Padraic Pearse and his brother William, Connolly, lay brothers; 181 parishs with 268 churches; 1 mission; Eamonn Ceannt. Sean McDermott, Michael O'Han- u monasteries for men and 25 for women; 1 seminanr; rahan. Con Colbert, Thomas Kent, Joseph Mary 1 university in charge of the Government with 88 Plunkett, Edward Daly, Michael Mallon, Thomas professors and 1145 students; 5 colleges for boys with MacDonagh, Tom Clarke and John MacBride were 14 teachers and 300 students; 6 colleges for girls with shot. Padraic Pearse was executed on 3 May, 1916, 30 teachers and 350 students; 2 academies with 18 and William twenty-four hours later. The Ekuster teachers and 165 pupils; 7 training schools with 139 Rising had been quickly quelled but the blood-sacri- teachers and 2850 pupils; 3 orphanages; 1 hospital; fice that had been made called into being a mighty 1 house of refuge; 73 day nurseries. The Govem- desire for freedom that proved Pearse and the others ment contributes to the support of the Catholic in- had not died in vain, their Provisional Republic pro- stitutions and admits the ministry of priests in all claimed on Easter Monday lived and these deaths public schools, united Irishmen to fight for an unfettered Ireland. There are a mission society and a Eucharistic lea^e

Pearse the patriot overshadowed Pearse the poet organized among the clergy while among the laity

and his tireless activities in behalf of the Irish language, many associations such as the League •f the Sacred

education and freedom limited his artistic production, Heart, the Society for Perpetual Adoration, etc.,

but the very essence of the man was poetry — the rare exist. Two Catholic dailies, 1 weekly and 6 other

poetry of perfect simplicity and intense sincerity periodicals are published,

lighted by a deep faith from which no interest in his , r% 1

life was separate. The sine;le volume in which his P^guy, Charles Pierre, author, b. at Orleans on

works have been placed contains a slender lot of poetry 7 January, 1873; d. at the Battle of the Mame, 1914.

(about one-tenth of the whole), but in these twenty- After his baccalaureate he taught in the normal school

odd poems we have a most accurate picture of the of his native city but abandoned pedagogy to studv

poet, gentle but not soft, calm and eager, and at times the question of Socialism. In 1907 he ran a work

of ex^tation a flaming passionate mystic. We find through the press under the pseudonym, of Pierre

also in the book some very fine prose^ especially his Deloire. He also composed a drama on Joan of Arc.

stories of children which are perfect m natural dia- Meantime he had organized a Socialist library and

logue, and a few plays, one of which, "The Singer," is was among those who clamored for a revision of the

autobiographical. Pearse was so sincere tfiat his Dreyfus trial. But Joan of Arc pursued him; he

writing coiUd but reveal himself and they even fore- gave up his library and began to turn his thoughts

tell with startling accuracy his future, for he had higher. It was not hard for him to do so, for his

"dreamed a dream in his heart" and set his face to Socialism was always of a mystical character and he

the road before him and the death he knew he should had no regard for the material side of it or for com-

meet. promises with politicians. In 1905 the attitude of

MacMantjb. The Story of the Iri»h Race (New York, 1921); Germany towards France aroused his patriotism and

w'r^iZi;*^!^/??. o'R«Xt^/Jli s^ he wrote "Our Country." in which there are medita-

hood (Borton. 1916); « |jj;;,°^^^^° ^»*^^^^^ tions on Joan of Arc anci St. Genevieve, the liberators

' of Orleans. In 1910 appeared another book of medi-

P6c8 (or Ftlnfkirchen), Diocese of (cf. C. tations on the tragedy of Calvary, in 1912 a book

E., VI— :322b; Quinque Ecclesiensis), in Hungary, about the Holy Innocents, one of them taking the