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were desirous of establishing a Lithuanian Sisterhood strength the venerable and saintly Bishop Trobec

for the needs of the Lithuanian people. Permission on 15 April, 1914, transmitted his resi^mation to

for this was given by Pius X, 19 April, 1907. The Rome, and was named titular Bishop of^ycopolis.

first three postulants received the religious habit 30 His successor was Rt. Rev. Joseph F. Busch, second

August, 1907, at Mount Saint Mary's Seminary Bishop of Lead, South Ihdcota. During the tenure

Chapel. They were Sister Maria (Casimira Kaupas) . of that see Bishop Busch had upheld the observance

Sister M. Immaculata (Judith Dvaranauskas) and of Sunday as a day of rest despite much adverse

Sister M. Concepta (Antoinette Ungiuraitis). Their criticism and the greed of a powerful corporation,

habit was designed by Casimira Kaupas (later Mother The decree of his translation to the See of St. Cloud

Maria). On 7 Oct., 1907, the first house of the was dated 19 January, 1915, and on 18 March of

Sisters of St. Casimir was opened at Mount Carmel the same year he took solemn possession, being

in the Diocese of Harrisburg, Pa. In 1909 Bishop installed by the late Archbishop John Ireland. From

Quigley of Chicago took the small congregation into t^e beginmn^ he directed his attention to systematic-

his archdiocese, and the mother-house was trans- ing the busmess of the diocese, and took up the

f erred from Harrisburg to Chicago in 1911. Rev. thorough organization of his people to carry on

A. Staniuksmas took charge of the communis until charitable and welfare work as tne needs of the

his death, 15 December, 1918, when Rev. Francis times demanded. To knit his people moro closely

Bucys became their chaplain and spiritual director, together he began in June. 1916, the holding of an

On 5 Oct., 1920, four Sisters of St. Casimir opened a annual Diocesan (Convention. The delegates com-

novitiate in Pazaislis, Lithuania. The special posing this convention were the pastors, trustees of

work of the congregation is teaching and taking care the various parishes, and representatives of the

of orphans. At present the Sisters conduct Saint different parish societies. Parish Committees

Casimir Academy at the mother-house, and Lithuan- organized on the same principle were ordered to be

ian parochial schools in the archdioceses of Chicago, formed in every parish with a view of taking care

Philadelphia, and Baltimore, and the dioceses or of all situations that might arise, and of cooperatmg

Harrisburg and Scranton. There are 170 members with the central Executive Committee in all diocesan

in the community. problems. In all this he was years ahead of the

. rest of the country and his position and action have

Balnt Oharlas Borromeo, Missionaribs of since been splendidly vindicated by the program of

(cf. C. E., X — 368a). In the general chapter of action adopted and urged by the united hierarchy

August. 1919, held m Rome, Most Rev. Pacifico of the country. Hence, when the National Councils

Chenuil, formerly superior provincial of the western of Catholic Men and Women were called into being

province of the United States, was elected superior by the National Catholic Welfare Council, the

feneral. The western and eastern provinces of the Diocese of St. Cloud proved a well prepared field for

Fnited States were united into one province, with immediate action. Under his direction the Holy

headquarters at Buffalo, N. Y. Since 1911, five new Name Society was established in every parish and

missions have been established in the United States mission.

and in some the chureh has already been erected; Under the administration of Bishop Busch the

4 new kindergartens and 6 new parochial schools diocese has been registering a steady growth. The

have been built. The present number of foundations Catholic population is now nearly 65,000 and the

in the United States is: 26 parishes, 5 chapels. 12 number of parishes and missions has increased to

parochial schools, 8 kindergartens, 2 St. Raphael 135. There are 105 secular priests and 56 regular

societies. These are under the care of 62 priests and priests, 2 monasteries for men and 3 convents for

2 lay brothers. women numbering 28 lay brothers and 360 Sisters.

^ . ^ ^, ^ ,- . Q. . ,«,. To the jurisdiction of the Benedictine Abbey of St.

8^ Clara CoUef e, m Smsmawa, Wisconsin, was j^^n the Baptist belong 113 Fathers and 25 Brothers,

founded BS St Clara Academvm 1852 by the very Under the authority of St. Joseph's Convent of

Rev. Samuel Charles Mazzuchelh, O.P. The institu- ^he diocesan Benedictine Sisters stand 800 Sisters,

tion was entrusted to the Sisters of St. Dominic for The diocesan Franciscan Sisters number 49. lie

tiie higher education of Cathohc women and m 1901 educational system, always good, has been much

It was empowered by the State t».co^^^ In improved. It coun to at prei^nt 1 university and

connection wth the college IS a high 8^^^ ^^ ^^^ ^^^ ^^^ 465 studente, 1 coUe^ for

St. para Academy. S^^^^^^ College haa had a ^^mtn, 2 academies for girls with aA attendSce of

steady growth since itefound^^^^^^ and now (1920-21) 270, 1 formal school withtbout 60 pupils, 1 seminary

has a student enroll^^^^^^^ ^mmg ^^i 46 studente, 4 high schools a!iad^37 elementar^^

whool 20; Sister studente 70; academy 97^ ^^hools in whici 258 nuns teach 6669 chfldren.

ThomasAaumaaLibmryoontamssomeW Q^^er institutions in the diocese are as follows:

?^^^n«OT« ^ SS'^mS^I ^ hospitals, 1 orphan asylum, 1 infante' home, 3

f^ir^n^fn^,. ?i^^^^ homes*^fortheag^. Thr^ Stete institutions adiit

from Sinsmawa to ]^v^^^^ IH^^^l? P**'^^ ^^ the ministrations of the priest. The Clerical Benefit

Chicago, and the institution will then be known a» Association largely assuSies the care of infirm and

Rosary College. ^^ prieste. For the laity there are the Central

Saint-Olaiide, Diocbsb op (Sancti CLAunn; cf. J?^^^'^' *i® Knights of Oolimibus, the Catholic

C. E., Xlll-^lb), in France, suffragan of Lyons. J^^^r of Foresters, the A. 0. H., the L. C. B. A.,

The present bishop is the Rt. Rev. Francob-Alexan- ^^ Holy Name Society, the Holy Childhwd, the

dre Maillet, b. at^Bourges, 12 Jan., 1854, elected 24 Woman s Missionary Association, the different

March, 1898. took possession of the see, 18 June, con- Women's Guilds for social welfare and chantable

secrated 29 June, following, made assistant to the work, and notebly the National Councils of Catholic

pontifical throne, 16 April, 1921. In 1920 there were Men and Women.

in the diocese 252,713 Catholics, 34 parishes, 356 ^ I^™8 a period of little more than a year , death

succursal parishes, 23 vicarages formerly supported by has claimed six personages who contnbuted in a

the stete. noteble degree to the upbuilding of the works of the

diocese. The first of these was the Rev. Dr. Leo

Saint Olond, Diocbse of (Sancti Clodoaldi; Cans, who died 26 November, 1920. Bom in St.

cf. C. E., XIII — ^342d), suffragan of St. Paul, Cloud, he received his elementary education in the

Minnesote. On account of his age and failing cathedral school. His college course was made