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by his humilitv and his devotion towards the Blessed Dominicans, Congregation of the Holy Ghost, Ob- Sacrament and Our Lady. He died with a reputation lates of Mary Immaculate, White Fathers of the of unusual holiness and the cause of his canonization African Missions, Brothers of the Christian Doctrine, was introduced at Rome on 22 December, 1915. Marist Fathers. Two associations have been founded

, , , , in the diocese for the defence of Catholic rights,

Stone, James Kent, afterwards and better known Catholic League of Alsace and the League of Parents,

as Father Fideub, Passionist, b. in Boston 10 pour German and two French dailies are published

November, 1840, d. 14 Oct., 1921. He was a grand- in the diocese, son, on the maternal side, of the famous jurist,

Chancellor James Kent. His father was the Rev. Btrassmaier, Johann Nepomuk, Assyriologist^ b.

John Stone. He graduated at Harvard in 1861, at Hagenberg, Bavaria, on 15 May, 1846; d. at Lon-

studied for a time at Gottingen in Germany, saw don on 11 January, 1920; son of Johann Evangelist

service in the American Civil War and became an and Theresa (Pichler) Strassmaier. After preUminary

Episcopal minister in 1866. He had been professor studies at Hagenberg and Metten, and a brief stay in

of the classics and president in Kenyon College, the Seminaiy of Ratisbon. he entered the Jesuit

Ohio, and of Hobart College, New York. He be-* novitiate at Gorheim near Sigmaringen. He studied

came a Catholic in 1869, after a perusal of the philosophy at Maria Laach and with two hundred fd-

appeal of Pope Pius IX to the world outside of low-Jesuits served in the ambulance department of

the Church to enter the fold. He was received, on the German Army during the War of 1870, being

8 December, at Madison, N. J., by Dr. Wigger, awarded a medal and certificate for fi^^^^^

then pastor of the church, and subsequently Bishop This availed him but little, for with his fellow-rehgious

of Newark. The "Invitation Heeded" was written i^e was exilwi soon after by the German Protestants

to explain his conversion. He was ordained priest and took refuge at Alost in Belmum. The followmg

by Cardinal McCIoskey, 21 December, 1872, and year, he crowed over to England and ^mpl^^

entered the Paulist Community, but in 1878 sub- studies at DittonHal^nd St. Beunos (Wales), being

sequently became a Passionist. his two young ord^ned m 1876. Two years later he was sent to

daughters having been adopted by Michael J. Ix)ndon, where he began his mtensive hfe study of

O'Connor of SaT Francisco. The mother of these the Babvloman remain m the Bntish Museum

children had died some years previously. He spent ^}^ of his labours he pubhshed six valuable tomes

three years in Rome and waS then sent to South ^^A8synMf texts, translations and studies: "Alpha-

Ameri^, where he labored for twelve years as ter^^^n^W^/^nir^^^

provincial consultor, master of novices and provin- ,^?±^,i^

Sal. He preached at Harvard in 1896 and 1807 Sf^SiJK^^^

and in 1901, at the request of President Ehot, took J^^^iflf^^L'^fL^^

charge of the 1400 pupils who attended the Summer ^^., ^n^as^'^j'^^l^ Sl'h J^h^^'^in^FS

sdboSl In 1908^ was recalled to South Ameria. ^^}Tsn^^^', ^fthfos^^ eS Tj^

JL^ m.^.J:' k!^? ™lf^,^^^ S^'^pX^fh^ ^ift^ he undertook the testing of the BabyloniS^cS^dar:

to Mexico but was unable to enter, the country rp^y^^ ^^ Observation-lists, and after eight yeais'

because of the civU wars that were ^-ajf^g there In ^^^^ ^^^ calculation they produced their remarkable

1919 he retired to Norwood Park, Chicago, ajd for "Astaonomischesaus Babylon." which contained quite

two years was a victim of great physical suffering. ^ ^^^ ^^ fundamental discoveries regarding Bkbv-

There his daughter joined him and brought him Ionian astronomy and chronology . One^f thegreat^

to her home in Cahfomia where he had the happi- oriental scholars of the age, pSther Stnissmiuer was

ncfls of saying Mass until two days before his death ^ addition one of the iSt-known and most popular

His famous book, "The Invitation Heeded," had spiritual directors in London. '

gone through seventeen editions and had been '^

translated into several languages. Staart, Janet Erskine, Superior General of the

Society of the Sacred Heart, b. at Cottesmore, Rut- Strasbourg, DiocESB OF (Argentinensib; cf. land, England, 11 November, 1857; d. at Roe- C. E.,XIV—^13b), in France, directly dependent on hampton, London, 21 October, 1914. She was the Uie Holy See. In 1918 Alsace was restored to France youngest daughter of Rev. and Hon. Andrew Stuart, and the religious situation under the Concordat with son of the second Earl of Castlestewart, the male Germany was maintained. Rt. Rev. Charles Joseph representative of the roval Stuarts. She became a Ruch was nominated by the French Government and Catholic in 1879. and three years latcnr entered the appointed bishop of Strasbourg 1 August, 1919. He novitiate of the sacred Heut at Roehampton, where was b. at Nancy 24 September, 1873, ordained 17 she became secretary to Reverend Mother Digby July, 1897, elected titular bishop of Gerasa and (q. v.). Professed in 1889, she then became mistress coadjutor bishop of Nancy, 14 June, 1913. conse- of novices, and in 1894 succeeded Mother Digbv as crated 16 July. He was appointed bishop of Nancy Superior. When five years later Mother Di^y 21 October, 1918, and transferred to the see of Stras- as superior general visited her convente in the Umted bourg in 1919. succeeding Rt. Rev. Adolph Fritzen, States. Canada and Mexico, Mother Stuart acoom- who died in that year. According to the statistics paniea her and in 1901 was sent to visit the houses of for 1921, the diocese contains 720 parishes, about 860 the Society in the West Indies and South America, churches, 1 monastery for men (Trappists), 15 con- In May, 1911, on the death of Mother Di|^y, with vente for men, about 1100 secular prieste, 20 religious whom she had worked for twenty-nine years, Mother orders of women, 1 seminary with about 160 semi- Stuart was called to Fnmce as vicar general, pending narians. The educational institutions in the diocese the election of a new superior general. The follow- are: 1 university at Strasbourg, 15 professors, about ing August she was herself elected to that office, and 180 theological studente, 2 coUe^ for men, 12 went to Rome to get the blessing of the Holy Father boarding schools for girls. The chantable institutions on her generalate. Later she visited her convents are in a flourishing condition. Among them are sev- in the eastern part of Europe and finally those in eral juvenile institutions, 1 institution for the blind, Australia, New Zealand, and Japan, returning to 1 for the deaf and dumb. All the public institutions England by way of America, wnere she gathered admit the ministry of priests and most of them are in together the superiors of the various houses in the charge of Sisters. There are in the diocese the follow- vicariate at Manhattanville, N. Y., and made with ing congregations of men: Franciscans, Capuchins, them an eight days retreat. The last months of