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iTAKKtrT^XaJt 757 VERAFOLY

VieiUevigne, France, 13 April, 1856, ordained 29 returned sabsequently and the congrM;ation developed

June, ISSO, elected 21 February, 1906, consecrated rapidly. It was confirmed by the Hol^ See in 1890,

25 February following. In 1921 the diocese numbered and today it counts over 200 houses with more than

500,000 French Catholics, 285 parishes, 300 churches, 1700 sisters. In 1881, the remains of the holy found-

2 monasteries for men, 3 for women, 2 abbeys for ress were translated from Barcelona to Vich, where

men, 2 for women, 2^ convents for women with more they were interred in the chapel of St. Raphael in

than 3000 Sisters, 888 secular and 130 re^ar priests, the garden of the mother-house of the institute. The

5 seminaries with 400 seminarians indudmg some stu- renown of her sanctity as a maiden, as a mother,

dents at Uie preparatory seminary. The educational and as a religious has continued to grow and on 14

institutions are: 3 high schools for boys (100 teachers January, 19^, the cause of her canonisation was

and 1200 pupils) 3 for ^Is, 1 normal school (6 teachers introduciBd at Ilome.

40 students), 3 traimng schools, (100 teachers and -• ,. t% « ^^

42,600 pupils). The schools are not supported by the veglla^ Diocbsk of. See Krk

A H^;«rij^ V^^^&^^^^ XV-^d), in Southern Italy, suffragan of Acerensa!

6 day nuraenes. Four Cathohc Pen<x»^. »«> P^*>: The present bishop is the Rt Rev. Angelo PetrelH, lished m the diocese Numerous organisations and . ^^^A^^ln,!^Yn^J^ ^VLj.trll icAa ^^^J^oniula^' o««i-»fjo« ov,-«* «T«^«.» fK-» M^T^ i^n/Tiaifv niirinir ?i »P Amcsauo, Italy, 13 June, 18^, elected 20 May.


VannnfUi. SBaAFiNo. Cardinal, Bishop of Ostia £5&.^.i?i?iL^.J!i^. .?«. J^^^!^L.7t and Porto, Dean


TtTs^^cSdcS^^,^^^ following ins^^^^^

November, 1834;"?: at Rome, 19 t^± ^lA^.^' LSf^^i!S^


At?.^;J^^^i'«;^TirK^i^^ \^'nnhuk^\T^^t hosDitak. Many priests served in the army'during

^ntto,?a .:* rjJ^^^AihL ™^^^pS^ the W, two as chaplams, one of whom was formally

JSX^lS'^XTap'a^^ ^S^^'J^JTs^^

Driest at Rome on 23 December . i860, by Cardinal ^« P"^* ^^^ "^^ ^ <>ffi^^ w»» ^^ fightmg.

Patrizi; he taught «»non law at the Rxwnan Seminary Veatimlglla, .Diocese op (VENTOdOLiENBis; cf.

and theology at the Seminary of the Vatican. He was c. E., XV— 343a), in Northern Italy, suffragan of

auditor at the Pontifical Nunciature m Me»co and Genoa. The present bishop is the Rt. Rev. Am-

Mumch, wad subroqiwnUy was delegate Apostolic to brogio Daffra, b. at Canneto, Italy, 11 January,

Ecuador, Colombia, Peru and Central Am«nca. He ig4i^ ordained 7 December, 1864, elected 11 July,


. . 104,000 inhabitants, 75 parishes, 210 secular and

in 1879. He then went to Vienna m the same capacity regular priests, 12 houses of various religious orders

in spite of the apparent failure at Brussels, and re- for men, 60 convents for women, 4 educational

mained there seven years. In 1887 was raised to the institutions for boys, 15 for gu-ls. Eleven religious

cardinalate and in 1893 was named ArohbiAop of periodicals are publidied in the diocese. Bologna, but by a system of rotation elected to be

Bishop of Frascati, afterwards becoming Secretary of Vera Onu, Diocese of CVeilb Crucis or Jala- Briefs and Prefect of the Con^gation of Bishops and pensis; cf. C. E., VI — 344a), in the Mexican Re- Regulars and in roite of his advanced age Grand public, suffra^pan of the Archbishopric of Mexico. Penitentiary in 1899. When he offered his resignation. The present mcumbent is the Rt. Rev. Raphael as he was suffering from cataract. Pope Leo XIII Guizar Valencia^ b. at Zamora, Spain, elected 1 refused to accept it. Again the S3rstem of official August, 1919. He succeeded the Rt. Rev. Joachim option brought nim from the See of Frascati to that Arcade Pagazza, who died in August, 1919. In ot Porto. Notwithstanding the honors lavished on him, 1821 the diocese contained 62 parishes, 320 diurches, he was remarkable for his great modesty; his unflinch- 3 convents for women with{47 sisters, 95 secular priests, ing toil in every one of the posts to which he was 1 seminary and 27 seminarians. The educational assigned and his tender piety. He was one of the institutions are: 8 colleges for men (29 teachers, 800 great figures of the Sacred College. students), 7 colleges for women (2000 stud^ts),

^ ^ ^.^ , ,. .^.^ normal schools and 4 training schools.

Vedruna de Mas, Joaquina de, religious found- ress, b. at Santa Marfa del Pino, Spain, 16 April, Verapoly, Archdiocese op (VERAFOLrrANA: cf . 1783; d. at Barcelona on 28 August, 1854; daughter C. £., XV-"345b). on t^e Malabar coast, India, of Lawrence and Teresa (Vidal) de Vedruna. At an includes now only Cnristians of the Latin Rite. These early age she desired to enter the Carmelites, but by latter form a Catholic population of 98,467 having 50 the advice of her parents and her confessor, she parishes, 68 churches and chapels, 18 missions, 18 remained in the world, marrying Teodoro de Mas. stations. 1 monastery for men, 2 convents for men. Their union was blessed with many children; two of 11 regular priests and 5 novices, 37 secular priests, their daughters became nuns. Her husband died in 9 lay brothers, 33 Carmelite nuns and 9 novices in 1816, anaJoaquifia devoted herself to the education 5 convents, 2 native Brothers of St. Teresa and 24 and, training oi her children, and to the care of the catechists^ 2 seminaries (upper and lower), 2 high sick' in a nearbv hospital. Her old desire of con- schools with 62 teachers and an attendance of 1130 secrating herself to God grew strong again and on boys and 447 sdrls, 115 elementaiy schools with an 6 January, 1826, when her children no longer required attendance of 6359 boys and 4336 girls, 5 convent her attention, she made the three vows of religion schools with 1072 girls, 4 orphanages with 10 boys with her bishop's approval. Some weeks later she and 156 girls, 1 hospital with 139 in-patients and founded the congregation of the Carmelite Sisters of 13,001 out-patients. All schools receive sovemment Charity, whose mission was to protect poor girls, aid except tne seminaries. The Priests' Mutual Help provide for those who had not a sufficient dowry to Association eidsts among the clergy, and among[ the enter relijpon, and to nurse the sick poor. During laitv there are reading-rooms, literary associations, the Spanish civil war, she and her companions were and the Catholic Association of the Archdiocese ot forced to take refuge at Perpignan in France; they Verapoly. Sevend Catholic periodicals are published.