Open main menu

Page:Catholic Encyclopedia, volume 17.djvu/792

This page needs to be proofread.


soldiers when they were called into Federal Serv- cathedral, at one time professor at the univeraity ice. The National Guard mobilized at Fort and author of several well known works on patrolo^y Douglas. Some companies of the infantr^r were and canon law. During the war the clergy and transferred to the 42d Division, Rainbow Division, laity who were not actively engaeed at the front, and as the 150th Gun Battalion, was sent to Camp rendered valuable assistance in all fields of war- Mills, Long Island, for preliminary training before work. They mused the sick in the field hospitals, being sent to France. The other troops were in- looked after the soldiers at the railroad stations, corporated into the 32d Division and sent to Camp assisted widows and cared for young children. Many McArthur.. On the way to France some were lost of the pastors supplied their soldier parishioners with by the torpedoing of the transport steamer "Tus- literature and were in constant conmiunication with cania," near the coast of Ireland. The others them. Several homes for children were established moved to the front line in Alsac^, taking over the and an institution for crippled soldiers. Count Karl entrenchments facing Altkirch and Muhlhausen, zu Lowenstein (q. v.), leader of the German Catholic then near Chateau Thierry, to relieve the Third party .and for many yeara chairman of the central Division. They were also at Fismes and Verdun, committees of the Catholic Congresses, iomed the The Wisconsin members of the National Army go?amicans in his declining years and rroeived were incorporated into the 85th Division and en- Holy .Ordere. He died m 1921. In 1021 the diocese trained at Camp Custer, Michigan. On the whole contained 456 parishes, 725 churehes (about one m the State contributed 98.211 soldiers or 2.61% of every town), 7 mission stations, 25 monasteries for the U. S. Army. The summary of casualties among nien, 1 Benedictme abbey for men at Munster- the Wisconsin members of the American Expedi- schwarzach 300 convents and foundations for

285 officers 6801 men semuiariaiiB, o uuubcs oi si^uuitss. xuens is x

' university with a Catholic theological faculty, 8

Wladlslaw, Diocese of. See Kalisz-Kujawy professors, 14 gynmasia. All the scnools are under

the supervision of the State, but courses are given

Wlodawek, Diocese or. See Kalibz-Kujawt in religious instruction by regularly appointed pro-

Twr^^^^^ TT A / „ TTT^ .^ ,\ fessors. In the primary scnools the pupils are

Wonsan, Vicariate Apostolic of (de Wonsan) instructed by the parish priests. There ar^ also 8

^A^"""^; iISA^ "^u^T^ '^a^a^I^^ ^^ ^ '^^'SL 1 higher educational institutions {Hokere schvlen), for

^ ^'V^^Vu^^^'Jl^^* ^"^^^^ ^^^ Vicanate.of S«)ul ^ ^^^^ ^^ supervision of Sisters, several private

and took the northeastern provmc^ to constitute >he ^^ools, 1 normal whool for teachers, 900 elementary

new vicariate^ which became the third vicwiate schools 1750 teachers, 98,000 pupils, 1200 con-

apoatohc of Corea. It comprises the provinces of tinuation schools, 1397 teacLers, 37;5od pupUs.

South HamyongandNorthflam^^^ The following ' institutions exist in tfie ^^diocese:

population of 1,760,000. It is entmsted to the Bene- ^ institution for the deaf and dumb, 1 for the blind,

dictme Fathers who found only 650 Catholics there j ^omes for the aged and for apprentices, 1 for

when thevbe^ntheu- work at the outset of 1921. cripples, 2 asylunS^ 2 education^ institutions, 3

This smatt flocTc IB served from two mission st^^^ horoitali (1 at A^haflfenburg. 2 at WQrzbii«)

one at Wonsan, the othw at Naipiong; at the former ^ndaside from these each district Las its own hoepitd,

there is one priest assisted by three lay brothers, whde 3 reformatories (1 for boys, 2 for girls), 1 setUement

at NaipioM there is only one pnest, The war, Rt. j^^^ ^ nurseries under the care of the Sisters

Rev. Bon^ace Sauer, appointed titular Bishop of ^^^^ ^ee^ Wtablished in nearly every town. The

Appiana 25 August, 1920, returned to Corea in 1921 ^^^^^ of priests is permittedf in aU these institu-

Tnth SIX more pnests, and they, with 14 lay brothers ^^^^ ^Qy/nng to the luid times, private institutions

(6ofthemCoreaniwstulants)are8tiUinSeoul,whe^ ^^ schoolsreceive some support from the state,

the Europeans are studying the difficult langua«e^ The following associations have been formed among

as soon as possible they will be transferred to Wonsan. ^^ clergy: Diocesan Association of Priests, Marian

The Father at Wonsan has opened an elementary Congre^tion for priests. Apostolic Union, Aasocia-

school which IS attended by 80 boys and 35 girls, tion for the support 0/ sick and retired priesta,

mostly pagans. Association of tne Eucharistic League, Association

World Conference on Faith and Order. See ^°^?"^?y,/?J?®^®^®' , Missionary Awociation

Union op Christendom of ^e World War.^ The bity have the foUowmg

associations: Workingmens Association, Associa-

Writers' Qolld, Catholic. See Catholic tions for joume3rmen, apprentices, merehants, men

Writers' Guild and youths, associations for servante, associations

for young women, worldngwomen, servante, busi-

Wnrsbnrg, Diocese op (Herbipolbnsis; cf. ness women, League for Catholic Women. These

C.E., XV— 718c), in Bavaria, suffragan of Bamberg, last do not include the Bonifacius and mission

The present incumbent is Rt. Rev. Ferdinand associations or any society or fraternity connected

de Scmoer, b. at Richelback, 2 March, 1839, ordained with the church.

10 August, 1862, named 6 March, 1898, consecrated UNnrERsrrr op Wurzburq. — ^The following is a

and enthroned 22 May following, assistant at the summary of the attendance at the UniversityduriDg

pontifical throne 1 July. 1918. In 1917 in presence the winter and summer term of 1919-1920: 104

of the Arehbishop of Bamberg and the BishoD of theological studente, 897 law studento (11 of whom

Eichstatt the people solemnly celebrated the three were women), 1041 medical studente (91 women),

hundredth anniversa^ of Julis Echter von Mesel- 481 studente of dentistry (27 women), 635 studente

brunn, the greatest Bishop of Bamberg. The fol- of philosophy (65 women), 56 studente of pharmacy

lowing distinguished clergymen have died since (6 women). In all 3214 matriculated studente. To

1909: Dr. Karl Guido Braun, rector, and canon of these may be added 47 male auditors (Horer) and 33

the cathedral, distinguished for his activity in the female auditors (Horerinnen). field of social science and for the energetic and

spirited stand which he took in combating religious Wyoming (cf. C. £., XV— 724c).— The area

errors; Dr. Adam Gopfert, well known for his work of the Stete of W^roming is 97,914 square milee^ In

on moral theology; Dr. Henry Kihn, dean of the 1920 the population was 194,402, an increase of