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BROAD


795


BROGLIE


(at Xeuitift and Wilton), with 97 Fathers, 8 clerics,

i lay brothers, and 4 novices; 2 Cistercian founda-

tions (at Stams and Mehreran), with 84 Fathers, 9 clerics, 25 lay brothers, and 16 novices; 3 Bene- dictine foundations (at Fiecht, Marienberg, and Bregenz), with 48 Fathers, 5 clerics, 25 lay brothers, and 5 novices; 1 Benedictine priory (at Innsbruck), with 3 branch houses, 8 Fathers, 7 clerics, 61 lay brothers, and 19 novices; 3 Jesuit colleges (at Inns- bruck, Feldkirch, and Tisis), with 100 priests, 59 clerics, 66 lay brothers, and 17 novices; 2 Redemp- torist colleges, with 19 Fathers, 13 brothers, and 1 no\'ice; 3 Servite monasteries, with 18 Fathers, 16 Clerics, 10 brothers, and 4 novices; 8 Franciscan monasteries, with 100 Fathers, 23 clerics. 69 brothers, and 3 novices; 13 Capuchin monasteries with 100 Fathers and 59 brothers; 1 foundation of the Society of the Divine Word (Salvatorians), with 9 priests and 8 brothers; 1 mission house of St. Joseph at Bri.ven (with a branch at Mill Hill), with 6 priests and 11 clerics; 1 house of the Congregation of the Sons of the Most Holy Heart of Jesus, with 5 Fathers, 13 clerics, 9 lay brothers, and 17 no\-ices; 1 founda- tion of the School Brothers, -nith 11 clerics. Be- sides the houses of theological studies for the mem- bers of the different orders, among the orders already mentioned, the Benedictines conduct in Fiecht a Konvikt (house of studies) for boys, and a school, the Cistercians in Mehreran a Konrikt for boys, the Jesuits a boarding school and gjnnnasium at Feld- kirch (the celebrated institution known as the Stella ilatutina), the School Brothers a seminary for teach- ers and a trade school, the Salvatorians a college, the Sons of the Most Holy Heart of Jesus an Apostolic school, and the Franciscans a Higher Cmnnasium at Halle.

Religious congregations of women have established 2.34 religious houses with branches, about 2,644 sisters being within the limits of the diocese; the.se incUide 490 choir sisters, 1,884 lay sisters, and 270 novices. The various houses are divided as follows: the Poor Clares, 2 with 65 sisters; the Dominicans, 4 with 173 sisters; the Dominicans of the Third Order, 2 with 38 sisters; the Redempforist sisters, 1 with 18 mem- bers; the Ursulines, 2 with 136 sisters; the Carmelites, 1 with 18 sisters; the Salesian Sisters, 1 with 54 mem- bers; the Cistercians, 1 with 39 members; the Sisters- of Divine Adoration, 1 with 51 members; the English Ladies, 1 institute with 79 members; the Tertian,- Sisters, 6 houses and 13 branches, with 1.58 sisters; the Ladies of the Most Sacred Heart of Jesus, 1 with ^ sisters; the Poor-School Sisters of Notre Dame, 2 with 27 members; the Benedictines, 1 monastery with 5 sisters; the Sisters of the High German Order, 1 hou.se with 3 sisters. The Sisters of Mercy have a mother-house in Innsbruck with 92 branch houses and 931 sisters, and one at Zams with 72 branches and 608 sisters. The Sisters of Mercy of the Holy Cross have 1 provincial house at Innsbruck with 26 branches and 131 sisters. The orders and con- gregations of women are engaged almost exclusively in the training of girls, and the care of the sick, children, and the aged, etc. The above-named congregations have charge of 8 educational institu- tions. 1 lyceum for girls, 12 industrial schools, 82 schools for girls, 41 schools for boys and girls, 46 creches, 3 hospitals, 7 orphan asylums, 23 asylums, 3 sanatoria. 56 homes for the poor, 2 public insane asylums, 2 houses for lepers, 1 institution for the deaf and dumb, 4 homes for servant-s, 1 asylum for priests in ill health, and about 25 other charitable institu- tions.

The cathedral of the Diocese of Brixen dates, in its present form, from the eighteenth century, hav- ing been built between 1745 and 1758. The onlj' remains of the earlier Gothic building is the cloister, which contains frescoes and monuments dating from


the thirteenth to the fifteenth century. Other prominent ecclesiastical buildings of the diocese are: the Com-t or Franciscan church at Innsbruck, in which is the celebrated monument to Emperor Maximilian I; the Jesuit church at Innsbruck, built between 1620 and 1640 in barocco style; the Gothic cathedral at Feldkirch, built in 1478; the Cistercian church at Mehreran; the fifteenth-centurj- parish church of Schwaz, built in Gothic style, and others. Among the places of pilgrimage are: Absam, St. (ieorgenberg near Feubach, Maria Waldrast near Deutsch-Matrei, the pilgrimage church on the Frauenberg near Rankweil, that on the Gebhards- berg near Bregenz, and others.

Hesch, Annales ecdesur Sabionen.-sis nunc Brixinensis (3 vols., .\ugsburg, 1755-67); Sinnacher, Biographien ran Bischofen im Bislum Briien (Brixen, 1814); Idem. Beitrage zwr Geschichte der bischofiu-Jien Kirchen Saben und Brixen in Tirol (9 vols., Brixen, 1824-36); Tixkh.^useh, Topographisch- historisch-statisHsche Beschreibung der Diocese Brixen (2 vols., BrLxen, 1854-79), continued by Rapp (3 vols., 1880-91): Redlich, Die TraditionsbUcher des Hochstifts Brixen (Inns- bruck, 1886); Rapp. Topographisch-historische Beschreibung dts Generalrikariates Vorarlberg (4 vols., BrLxen, 1892-1902). Cf, also bibliography to Tyrol,

Joseph Lins.

Broad Church Party. See Anglic-\nism.

Brogan, S.\in"t, flourished in the sixth or seventh centurj'. Several persons in repute for holiness seem to have borne this name, which is variously wTitten Brogan, Broccan, Bracan, and even Bearchan and Bearchaniis. Of these, two are commemorated in the Irish Martyrologium of Aengus, the early date of which (c. 800) is now generally admitted. There, under 8 July, we read: Brocan, the scribe, gained a noble triumph without any fall"; and under

17 September: " Broccan of Ross Tuirc thou shouldst declare". Colgan (Trias Thaumat., p. 518) speaks as if he were inclined to identify both these persons with the author of an early Irish hymn upon St. Brigid. The glosses upon Aengus and the Mar- tjTologj' of Gorman, while seemingly treating them as distinct, prove that the matter admits of no cer- tainty. Some modern hagiographers incline to re- gard the St. Brogan of 8 July as the amanuensis and possibly the nephew of St. Patrick. They style him bishop and locate him at Maethail-Brogain, now Mothil in Waterford; but this is admittedly quite doubtful. St. Brogan of Rosstuirc, on the other hand, is identified with the author of the hymn to St. Brigid, and is believed to be the Abbot Brochanus referred to in the Life of St. Abban, preserved in the "Codex .Salmanticensis". Rosstuirc is generally as- signed to the Diocese of Ossory, and may be Ross- more in Queen's County.

Other Brochans are mentioned in the Martyrologj' of Gorman under 1 Januarj', 9 April, 27 June, and 25 August.

OHa.nlon, Lives oj the Irish Saints (Dublin, 1892-1902). July Vol.. 170: September Vol.. 435-440; .4rla ,SS. 17 Sep- tember, Vol. V; Carrigan, Historu of the Diocese of Ostorii (Dublin, 1905), II, 28 and 175: III, 334 and 441; IV. 174; .\RcHDAtL. ySfinasticon Hibemicum: FoRBP^i in Diet. Christ. Biog.. I, 339; cf. 314; De Smedt, .\cla Sanctorum Hibem. ex Codice Salmanticensi, 505-540.

Hkrbert Thurston.

Broglie, Auguste-Thkodore-Paitl db, abb^, pro- fessor of apologetics at the Institut Catholique at Paris, and WTiter on apologetic subjects, b. at Auteuil,

18 May, 1834; d. 11 May, 1895. He was the son of Achille-Victor, Due de Broglie, and his wife, Alber- tine de Stael, a Protestant and the daughter of Madame de Stael. After the death of the mother, who died young, he was brought up by the Baroness Auguste de Stael, nie Vernet; this aunt, although also a Protestant, exerted herself "to make a large- minded Christian of him in the Church to which sne did not Ix'long" (Monseigneur d'Hulst in " Le Cor- respondant". 25 May, 1895). Entering the NaN-y young, Broglie was appointed Ensign in 1857 and