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BROWN


804


BROWNRIGG


appeared in 1617 augmented by the annotated poemi of Archbishop Rhabanus Maurus.

Reiffenbfrg Hislaria Societatis Jesu (Cologne, 17b4) 534- Me&opolis Ecclesicc Trevericat. ed. von Stbamberg.

Patricius Schlager.


his Boston experience, Bro-mic travelled the East- ern States as a journeyman printer, sojou. ning tor a while in the town of Tiffin, Ohio, where as reporter and compositor he received in wages four dollars a

week. Going thence to Toledo, he contributed to

„ „. , „ffi„„, „f tu„ Rpniiblic the cohmms of "The Commercial" of that city.

of ArXtina'b"i777' in'Ilfe CW^; ^treland Already his reputation was gaining ground. Though , ^, V<?r^' . r>' a;1L^ h;„ f^niilv pml Vigorous y assailed m a series of articles in "The

fat"% f on I vessel s.^ng fro- P^.iladelphi. ^1'"! -^--Tirate^rtrnty-four, his reputation During the war between France and England his ^^^^^^^ ^ ^^-^^^^ character as a reporter of

ship, an English '"'T'-^f ;";■"■, ^f^^'^P^!'^^. '"J^; "The Cleveland Plaindealer" imder the sobriquet French privateer and he ^.^^ "=^f P"q"°"f "^ "^^^^^ of "Artemus Ward". His best work at this period He escaped t^Eng^and, where n 1809^ he mar^^^^^ consisted in burlesque descriptions of prize-fights, aladyof good family and educ^at.on Here ente^^^^ spiritualistic kances, and political meetings,

the ocean trade ^^;^ '^/-^ .^'"P "[ ^'^X^ 'nere h^ Towards the close of ISGO, he accepted an engage- wrecked en the coast of South America. Here ne ^ j jj York with "Vanity Fair", a com c paper established the fi^^^^f gf'^'". P^'=»^'^^. ^^[^rrevoH o^ TdHed after the nTZnner of xL London "Pu^cfi", Buenos Aires and ^I°"tf ^f «°-.„^;f^^^ .npo nted and ere long succeeded the editor Charles G. Leland Buenos Aires against hpain the insurgents appointea Breitmaiml as editor In this paper some Bro.-n, February, ^^^^ ^o *he^°"lXet1 woX'rt oFms best contributions were given to^tlfe public, ron of seven ships \\ith these he •\fhle^ed ■^onders^ however, as a lecturer that "Artemus Ward- On St. Patrick's Day h?. ^;^Pt"^'?d/he fort of Hartm , ^^^ ^_^^^ ^^^ ^^^^^^^^ ^.^ g^^j ^p. Garcia called "The Gibraltar of the La Plata ^ ^^^ ^^^ ^^^^^^^ ^^^^^^^ .^ ^^^, York was compelling nine Span sh ™f^-°f:^ '^! ,™; .- j^'^ in a travesty called "Babes in the Woods". His next miral Romerate to retire. Later, at Monte%ideo y . Minutes in Africa", which capitulated ^0 June he captured se^^ gven in M^ic Fund Hall, Pliiladelphia. In 1866 Spanish men-o -war. These he took to Buenos A^res | ^^.^^^ ^^^ ^^ ^,^^^^ ^^^^^.^^^ ^^^ ^ ^^^ ^-^ and received the rank of admiral. In 1816 Adraira , ti^ng awaited him. Hib stav in London is Brown sailed round the Horn to succour he n^w ^^P^^^^'^'f^^^'^^n ovation to the gcruV= ^ republics on the western coast, but his expedition ^as ^PO^,en > ^^ ^^^^ ^ great^avcuite with the only partly successful. Ten years later, ^ hen war „LiteraryClub" of London and his lettersin "Punch" ensued between the new republic and Brazil, Ad- ^^d the days of " Yello^-plush ". But .ickness miral Bro^-n greatly distinguished himself against recjuu^ y F _^^ ^^ ^^ ^,^^ tremendous odds in the blockade of Buenos Aires, f„^°>^^f ^ l^^^^^ ,,,,k of his engagement at Egj-prian which he succeeded in breaking. Taking the offen- London, and his death occurred a few months , sive he scoured the coast as far as Rio de Janeiro. j^f^""^y,^gn j^^ f^H the end was near, he asked his His most brilliant victory was the battle of Juncal ' ^ Sketchly to procure him the ministra- 24 February, 1827 when with seven ships and ^^^"/^f f ^'J^.ft,, "So Sketchly ", Clement Scott in- eight one-gim launches, he destroyed a A^et of sev- Y'"'^°'J P^^^^ steps to carry out his friend's in- enteen war-vessels under Admiral Pereira. He acted lo^"^^; ; „ His remains were brought to his native as Argentine Comm^s.oner when, at the close of the f^^^^^^'i^j^ ^^ rest beside his fattier and brother war, the liberty of Buenos Aires was guaranteed by |^"f,^; ji^^i^ ^^„,t, ^^ Waterford, Maine. . thetreatyof Montevideo 4 October, 18-/. _ Artemus W^ard was a consumimate humorist and After a visit to h,s native and, Admiral Brown J'™^^^ ^ , distinctively American. His fun spent his last years m the republic in the founding of represe ^P , ^^ ^bubbled, ministering

P. G. Smyth. or unwholesome one. The depth and strength of X. ,, w „.,s his character are revealed as well in the interest Browne, Charles Farrar (Artemps Ward), 'J^ j^'^;'^^'^ ^is lectures and sayings as in the friend- humorist, b. at Waterford, Oxford County Maine, ^gl^J'l.Zd -^ui retained to the end. U. S. A., 26 April, 1834; d. in Southampton, England, ^'X.ght X7em« »^^^^^ his Humor with Swinburne's 6 March, 1867. He went to school m his native town ^^ P,^m'a Monthly. February, 1907; L.^n don (Eli Per-

^^t^^^ ^^Ik^wfK^^^^lirli? ^^i fe.ss;i^»^s?^,^r^^^2^


year later he was employed in a like capacity on "The Carpet-Bag" of Boston, edited by B. P. Shil- laber (Mrs. Partington), and to which Charles G. Halpine (Miles O'Reilly) and John G. Saxe were at that time contributors. In this journal appeared his first humorous article, a buriesque description of a Fourth of July celebration in Skowhegan. After


Yesterday and To-day\iiew York, 1S991, I, 325.

Edw.\rd p. Spillane.

Browne, James. See Ferns, Diocese op. Browne, Robert. See Cloyne, Diocese op. Brownists. See Congregationalists. Brownrigg, Abraha.m. See Ossqry, Diocese of.


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