Page:Dictionary of National Biography volume 03.djvu/399

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Sidney's infancy, was a Frenchwoman by birth. She was brought up at first on a farm purchased by her father in the wilds of Ohio, and went at a later date for a few years to a school in Cincinnati. During her residence on her father's farm, she was an especial favourite of the elder Booth (one of Cowell's most intimate friends). She married Hezekiah Linthicum Bateman [q. v.] on 10 Nov. 1839, at St. Louis in Missouri.

Mrs. Bateman wrote several popular plays. Chief among them were a comedy entitled ‘Self,’ produced at the People's Theatre in St. Louis on 6 April 1857, and a tragedy in blank verse, called ‘Geraldine, or the Master Passion,’ originally performed in 1859 at Philadelphia. Both were played for many years by the leading artists of the day; the dramatist's husband achieved great success as the original impersonator of John Unit in ‘Self,’ and, on 12 June 1865, appeared for the first time before an English audience as David of Ruthin in ‘Geraldine,’ at the Adelphi. Both parents gave themselves up, from an early period, to the dramatic education of their children. Upon her husband's death in 1875, Mrs. Bateman successfully continued the management of the Lyceum for four years, but in August 1878 she gave up (instead of selling) her lease of the theatre to Mr. Irving. Mrs. Bateman then purchased a long lease of old Sadler's Wells theatre, entirely rebuilt it, and opened it, on 9 Oct. 1879, with a revival of the dramatic version of ‘Rob Roy.’ Mrs. Batenman's management continued there until the date of her death, 13 Jan. 1881. During her brief management she brought over to England an entire American company, with an essentially American play, ‘The Danites,’ by the poet Joaquin Miller.

[Times, 14 Jan. 1881, p. 10; Era, 15 Jan. 1881, p. 8, and 22 Jan. 1881, p. 14; Academy, No. 455, pp. 70, 71; Athenæum, No. 2779, p. 173; Annual Register, 1881, p. 460.]

C. K.

BATEMAN, STEPHEN (d. 1584), translator and author. [See Batman.]

BATEMAN, THOMAS (1778–1821), physician, chiefly distinguished for his knowledge of diseases of the skin, was born at Whitby, Yorkshire, and was the son of a surgeon. He was educated at private schools, apprenticed for three years to an apothecary in Whitby, and in 1797 began his studies in London at the Windmill Street School of Anatomy, founded by William Hunter, where, at that time, Baillie and Cruikshank were the lecturers. At the same time he attended the medical practice of St. George's Hospital. He afterwards studied in Edinburgh, and took the degree of M.D. with an inaugural dissertation ‘De Hæmorrhœa Petechiali’ in 1801. He then returned to London for the purpose of starting in practice, and became a pupil of Dr. Willan at the Public Dispensary, to which institution he was himself, in 1804, elected physician. In the same year he was appointed to the Fever Institution, now called the Fever Hospital. In 1805 he was admitted a licentiate of the College of Physicians.

Dr. Bateman joined with Dr. Duncan, jun., of Edinburgh, and Dr. Reeve, of Norwich, in establishing the ‘Edinburgh Medical and Surgical Journal,’ which still continues as the ‘Edinburgh Medical Journal.’ Among other contributions of Dr. Bateman's own were a series of reports on the diseases of London and the state of the weather, continued from 1804 to 1816, which he afterwards collected into a volume, and which form an important memorial for the history of epidemics. His experience at the Fever Hospital supplied the materials for these reports. In his work at the Public Dispensary he soon, like his master, Dr. Willan, began to pay special attention to diseases of the skin. In this subject Willan was a pioneer, and may be regarded as the founder of the modern school, being the first to describe those diseases in a positive scientific manner, without being swayed by theoretical and formulistic conceptions. Bateman followed in the footsteps of Willan; he extended and perfected his natural history method. When Willan retired from practice, and went to Madeira in 1811, Bateman became the principal authority in London on all questions relating to affections of the skin, and soon acquired a large and lucrative practice. The relation of these two physicians is interesting, and such as has been occasionally seen in science and literature when a younger writer has become the expositor and, in a sense, the literary executor of an older. Bateman published in 1813 his ‘Synopsis of Cutaneous Diseases according to the arrangement of Dr. Willan,’ and completed the series of delineations in coloured plates which Willan had commenced. The pupil borrowed from his master his original views and many of his observations. He repaid the debt by establishing his master's fame; for it may safely be said that, without Bateman's exposition, Willan's signal services to the science of medicine would be less thoroughly appreciated than they are. Bateman's synopsis had an extraordinary success; it was translated into the French, German, and Italian languages, and, pene-