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‘was going to lay down his life in London for the gospel, and to suffer among the Friends at that place.’ Unhappily this foreboding proved only too true. He was arrested at a meeting, and violently dragged through the streets to Newgate, to which prison he was committed for the offence of holding an illegal meeting. At the subsequent trial he was condemned to pay a heavy fine, and, being neither able nor willing to comply, he was directed to be kept a ‘close’ prisoner. He was thrust into the felons' dungeon, which was so crowded that some of the prisoners died from suffocation, while the remainder became seriously ill. Burrough was one of those who sickened. The Friends procured an order for his liberation from Charles II, but, on one pretence or another, the city authorities evaded complying with it, and Burrough died in Newgate on 14 Feb. 1662–3 (Ellwood's Autob.) He was buried in the burial-ground, Bunhill Fields. In his ‘Testimony’ Howgill says of Burrough that ‘in his natural disposition he was bold and manly, dexterous and fervent, and what he took in hand he did it with his might, loving, kind, and courteous, merciful and flexible, and easy to be entreated;’ and, without making too much allowance for the partiality of a lifelong friend, this seems to be a fair summary of his character. Burrough's works exceed ninety in number, but they are usually very brief. For a long time his writings were held in high esteem by the quakers, but of late years they have fallen out of notice. What he had to say is both more concisely stated and more thoughtful than was usually the case with early quaker authors, and this in great measure arose from the fact that he was a fairly educated man; but much of his writing is spoilt by a bitter controversial spirit, which he does not seem to have exhibited either in his life or his sermons.

The following is a list of some of the most important of his works: 1. ‘A Warning from the Lord to the Inhabitants of Underbarrow, and so to all the Inhabitants in England,’ 1654. 2. ‘A Trumpet of the Lord sounded out of Sion, which sounds forth the Controversies of the Lord of Hosts, and gives a certain sound in the cases of all Nations,’ 1656. 3. ‘A Description of the State and Condition of all Mankinde upon the Face of the Whole Earth,’ 1656. 4. ‘The True Faith of the Gospel of Peace contended for in the Spirit of Meekness,’ &c., 1656. 5. ‘A Measure of the Times, and a full and clear Description of the Signes of the Times and of the Changing of the Times,’ &c., 1657. 6. ‘Truth (the Strongest of all) witnessed forth in the Spirit of Truth against all Deceit,’ &c., 1657. 7. ‘Many Strong Reasons confounded which would hinder any Reasonable Man from becoming a Quaker,’ 1657. 8. ‘A Declaration to all the World of our Faith, and what we believe,’ 1657. 9. ‘A Standard lifted up, and an Ensigne held forth to all Nations,’ &c., 1658. 10. ‘The True State of Christianity truly described and also disaver'd unto all People,’ 1658. 11. ‘A Visitation and Warning proclaimed, and an Alarm sounded in the Pope's Borders, in the Name and Authority of the Lord Almighty and the Lamb,’ &c., 1659. 12. ‘Good Counsel and Advice rejected by Disobedient Men, and the Dayes of Oliver Cromwell's Visitation passed over, and also of Richard Cromwell his Son, late Protector of these Nations’ (part by George Fox), 1659. 13. ‘A Testimony concerning the Book of Common Prayer (so called),’ 1660. 14. ‘A Presentation of Wholesome Informations unto the King of England,’ &c., 1660. 15. ‘The Everlasting Gospel of Repentance and Remission of Sins,’ &c., no date. 16. ‘A Declaration of the Sad and Great Persecutions and Martyrdom of the People of God, called Quakers, in New England, for the Worshipping of God,’ 1660. 17. ‘A Just and Righteous Plea, presented unto the King of England and his Council,’ &c., 1661. 18. ‘Persecution impeached as a Traytor against God, His Laws and Government,’ &c., 1661. 19. ‘A Discovery of Divine Mysteries, wherein is unfolded Secret Things of the Kingdom of God,’ 1661. 20. ‘Antichrist's Government justly detected of Unrighteousness, Injustice, Unreasonableness, Oppression, and Cruelty throughout the Kingdomes of this World,’ 1661. 21. ‘The Case of the People called Quakers (once more) stated and published to the World,’ &c., no date. 22. ‘A True Description of my Manner of Life, of what I have been in my Profession of Religion,’ &c., 1663. In 1672 the most important of Burrough's writings were published under the title of ‘The Memorable Works of a Son of Thunder and Consolation, namely, that True Prophet and Faithful Servant of God and Sufferer for the Testimony of Jesus, Edward Burrough,’ &c.

[Brief biographies of Burrough are to be found in Tuke's Biographical Notices of Members of the Society of Friends, vol. ii., and in vol. ii. of the Friends' Library (W. & T. Evans, Philadelphia), and a considerable amount of interesting information may be gleaned from the Swarthmore MSS. preserved at Devonshire House, Bishopsgate.]

A. C. B.

BURROUGH, Sir JAMES (1691–1764), amateur architect, son of James Burrough, M.D., of Bury St. Edmunds, Suffolk, was born on 1 Sept. 1691. Having been educated at the grammar school at Bury for eight years,