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with new title, ‘Arminianism Discovered and Confuted,’ &c., 1652, 4to. Saltmarsh replied in ‘Reasons for Unitie,’ &c., 1646, 4to, and Gataker rejoined in 14. ‘Shadows without Substance,’ &c., 1646, 4to. 15. ‘De Novi Instrumenti Stylo Dissertatio,’ &c., 1648, 4to. 16. ‘Mysterious Clouds and Mists,’ &c. 1648, 4to (answer to J. Simpson). 17. ‘God's Holy Minde touching Matters Morall,’ &c., 1648, 4to (on the decalogue; preface signed T. G.). 18. ‘Cinnus, sive Adversaria Miscellanea,’ &c., 1651, 4to. 19. ‘Marci Antonini De Rebus Suis,’ &c., 1652, 4to (Greek text, with Latin version and commentary). 20. ‘De Baptismatis Infantilis Vi … disceptatio … inter … S. Wardium … et T. Gatakerum,’ 1652 [i.e. 25 Jan. 1653], 8vo (against justification in baptism). 21. ‘Vindication of the Annotations … against … W. Lillie, J. Swan, and another,’ &c., 1653, 4to. 22. ‘A Discours Apologetical, wherein Lilies lewd and lowd Lies … are cleerly laid open,’ &c., 1654 [27 Feb.], 4to (postscript against John Gadbury [q. v.]; valuable for its autobiographical particulars). Posthumous were: 23. ‘Adversaria Miscellanea,’ &c., 1659, fol. (edited by C. Gataker; prefixed is Gataker's autobiography in Latin). 24. ‘An Antidote against Errour concerning Justification,’ &c., 1670, 4to (an unfinished exposition of Rom. iii. 28, begun 19 April 1640; not completed, out of respect to the Westminster assembly). 25. ‘The Life and Death of Master William Bradshaw,’ in Clarke's ‘Lives of Thirty-two English Divines,’ 1677, fol. Gataker's ‘Opera Critica’ were collected in two vols. folio, Utrecht, 1697–8. He edited S. Ward's ‘Balme from Gilead,’ 1617, 8vo, a selection of Galen's ‘Opuscula,’ annotated by Theodore Goulston, M.D. [q. v.], 1640, 4to, and other works.

Charles Gataker (1614?–1680), son of the above, by his second wife, was born at Rotherhithe about 1614, and educated at St. Paul's School and Sidney Sussex College, Cambridge, where he graduated B.A. He afterwards entered as a commoner at Pembroke College, Oxford, and graduated M.A. on 30 June 1636. He was chaplain to Lucius Cary, second viscount Falkland [q. v.] Through the interest of Charles, earl of Carnarvon, he became about 1647 rector of Hoggeston, Buckinghamshire, where he died on 20 Nov. 1680, and was buried in the chancel. He edited some of his father's posthumous works, appending to No. 24 (above) his own first publication, viz., 1. ‘The Harmony of Truth; or … St. Paul and St. James reconciled,’ &c., 1670, 4to. On the same subject he had communicated anonymously in 1670 to Bishop Nicholson of Gloucester, and others, some ‘Animadversions’ upon Bull's ‘Harmonia Apostolica,’ 1669–70. Nicholson sent them to Bull, who replied in his ‘Examen Censuræ,’ 1675. He wrote also: 2. ‘An Answer to five … questions … by a Factor for the Papacy,’ &c., 1673, 4to (included is a letter, dated 1636, by Falkland). 3. ‘The Papists' Bait,’ &c., 1674, 4to (with another letter by Falkland). 4. ‘Examination of the case of the Quakers concerning Oaths,’ &c., 1675, 4to (answered by George Whitehead). 5. ‘Ichnographia Doctrinæ de Justificatione,’ &c., 1681, 4to.

[Discours Apologetical, 1654; Autobiog. of Gataker in Adversaria Miscellanea, 1659; Ashe's Gray Hayres crowned with Grace, a funeral sermon with memoir, 1655; Life in Clarke's Lives of Thirty-two English Divines, 1677, pp. 248 sq.; Wood's Athenæ Oxon. (Bliss), iii. 1257; Middleton's Biographia Evangelica, 1784, iii. 290 sq.; Brook's Lives of the Puritans, 1813, iii. 200 sq.; Chalmers's Gen. Biog. Dict. 1814, xv. 334 sq., 340 sq.; Neal's Hist. of the Puritans, 1822, iii. 451 sq.; Smith's Bibliotheca Anti-Quakeriana, 1873, p. 197, Mitchell and Struthers's Minutes of Westminster Assembly, 1874, pp. 67, 91, &c.; Mitchell's Westminster Assembly, 1883, pp. 156, 409, &c.]

A. G.

GATES, BERNARD (1685?–1773), musician, was the second son of Bernard Gates, gentleman, of St. Margaret's, Westminster, whose will was proved on 21 May 1718. His name appears in the list of children of the Chapel Royal in 1702. At the end of 1708 (after 1 Oct.) he was sworn a gentleman of the Chapel Royal in the place of J. Howell, who died on 15 July in that year. He held the sinecure office of tuner of the regals at court, and was a member of the choir of Westminster Abbey. He married before 1717, since on 6 June of that year his eldest child, a daughter named Atkinson, was buried in the north cloister of Westminster Abbey. This unusual christian name, which was borne by another daughter of Gates (buried 1736), was derived from a Mrs. Atkinson, who had been laundress to Queen Anne, and who had brought up Mrs. Gates, and made her her heiress. At some time before 1732 Gates was made master of the children of the Chapel Royal (the date given in Grove's ‘Dict.’ for this appointment is manifestly too late). On 23 Feb. 1732 Handel's ‘Esther’ was performed at Gates's house in James Street, Westminster, by the children of the chapel. The same singers sang the work at a subscription concert at the Crown and Anchor Tavern, and again at the room in Villiers Street, York Buildings. In 1734 Gates seceded from the Academy of Vocal Music, taking the children of the chapel with him. He had been a prominent member of the society from its in-