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adulterinæ, et Decreta supposititia istius Ecclesiæ Conciliorum in lucem proferuntur, et a veris ac genuinis dignoscuntur,' Lond. 1710, fol. In 1715 the third and last volume of the ‘Synopsis Canonum’ was announced ‘as once more finished’ by Howell, the first manuscript having been burnt in the fire which destroyed Bowyer's printing-house, 30 Jan. 1712 (Nichols, Lit. Anecd. i. 57). 3. ‘The Orthodox Communicant, by way of Meditation on the Order for the Administration of the Lord's Supper,’ with vignettes from Scripture subjects by J. Sturt, Lond. 1712, 1714, 1721, 1781, 8vo. 4. ‘A View of the Pontificate: From its supposed Beginning to the End of the Council of Trent, A.D. 1563. In which the Corruptions of the Scriptures and Sacred Antiquity, Forgeries in the Councils, and Incroachments of the Court of Rome on the Church and State, to support their Infallibility, Supremacy, and other Modern Doctrines, are set in a true Light,’ Lond. 1712, 8vo. The second edition, 1716, is entitled ‘The History of the Pontificate.’ 5. ‘Desiderius, or the Original Pilgrim: A Divine Dialogue. Shewing the most compendious Way to arrive at the Love of God. Render'd into English and explain'd with Notes,’ Lond. 1717. 6. ‘A Compleat History of the Holy Bible, in which are inserted occurrences that happen'd during the space of about four hundred years from the days of theProphet Malachi to the birth of our Blessed Saviour,’ 3 vols. Lond. 1718, 8vo, with 150 cuts by J. Sturt; again 1725; fifth edit. 1729; and with additions and improvements by G. Burder, 3 vols. Lond. 1806-7. 7. A Memoir of Dr. Walter Raleigh, dean of Wells, prefixed to Raleigh's treatise entitled ‘Certain Queries proposed by Roman Catholicks,’ Lond. 1719. His miscellaneous collections for a history of the university of Cambridge are in the Bodleian Library (Rawl. B. 281). The ‘Medulla Historiæ Anglicanæ,’ sometimes attributed to Howell, is by Dr. William Howell (1638?-1683) [q.v.]

[Addit. MS. 5871, f. 66 b; Memoirs of the Life of Kettlewell, p.391, App. pp. xxiii, xxvi; Historical Register for 1717, p. 119, and Chron. Reg. pp. 12, 13 for 1720 (Chron. Diary), p. 29; Lathbury's Nonjurors, p. 367; Lowndes's Bibl. Man. (Bohn), p.1128; Nichols's Lit. Anecd. i. 31, 32, 57, 87, 105, 106, 107, 124, 702; Hearne's Collections, ed. Doble (Oxf. Hist. Soc.), ii. 35, 38, 103, 125; Political State of Europe, xii. 259, 263, 281, xiii. 354, 356; information from C. E. Doble, esq.]

T. C.

HOWELL, THOMAS (fl. 1568), versewriter, probably a native of Dunster in Somerset, published in 1568 ‘The Arbor of Amitie, wherein is comprised pleasant Poems and pretie Poesies, set foorth by Thomas Howell, Gentleman,’ 8vo, 51 leaves (Bodleian Library), with a dedicatory epistle to Lady Ann Talbot. Howell appears to have been employed at this time in the household of the Earl of Shrewsbury. ‘Newe Sonets and pretie Pamphlets … Newly augmented, corrected, and amended,’ 4to, was licensed for publication in 1567-8. An imperfect, undated copy, supposed to be unique, is preserved in the Capell collection (Trinity College, Cambridge); it is dedicated ‘To his approved Freinde, Maister Henry Lassels, Gentilman.’ Several poems are addressed to John Keeper (a Somerset man), and some of Keeper's poems are included among ‘Newe Sonets.’ Howell's latest work was ‘H. His Deuises, for his owne exercise, and his Friends pleasure. Vincit qui patitur,’ 1581, 4to, 51 leaves, preserved among Malone's books in the Bodleian Library. It appears from the dedicatory epistle that he was now in the service of the Countess of Pembroke, and that the poems were written at Wilton House ‘at ydle times … to auoyde greater ydlenesse or worse businesse.’ Howell's works have been reprinted in Dr. Grosart's ‘Occasional Issues.’ He was an uncouth writer, and his poems have little merit or interest. The best is a rustic wooing-song in ‘The Arbor of Amitie.’

[Grosart's Occasional Issues, vol. viii.; Hazlitt's Handbook.]

A. H. B.

HOWELL, THOMAS, D.D. (1588–1646), bishop of Bristol, son of Thomas Howell by a daughter of James David Powell, was born at Bryn, in the parish of Llangammarch in Brecknockshire, in 1588. His father was vicar of Llangammarch, and also of Abernant in Carmarthenshire. James Howell [q. v.] was a younger brother, and some of the ‘Epistolæ Ho-elianæ’ profess to be addressed to the bishop.’ At the age of sixteen he was admitted a scholar of Jesus College, Oxford, of which he subsequently became fellow. He graduated B.A. 20 Feb. 1608-9, M.A. 9 July 1612, B.D. and D.D. 8 July 1630. On taking holy orders he gained speedy celebrity as a preacher, and was appointed by Charles I one of his chaplains . He also received the rectory of West Horsley in Surrey, and that of St. Stephen's, Walbrook, London, on 13 April 1635. The latter he resigned in 1641. He was appointed by the king to a canonry of Windsor on 16 Nov. 1636, and on the promotion of Dr. Henry King [q.v.] to the see of Chichester, received from the crown the sinecure rectory of Fulham on 25 March 1642. Though regarded ‘by many as a puritan preacher’ (Wood, Athenæ, iv. 804), he was early marked out for attack by the parlia-