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limited to protecting trade and providing for the safety of transports or store-ships. After the death of the Emperor Joseph, Jennings escorted the king to Genoa in September. In March 1713 he escorted the empress from Barcelona to Genoa, when she presented him with her picture set in diamonds. He afterwards assisted in conveying the allied troops, to the number of thirty thousand, to Italy, and conducted the Duke of Savoy to Sicily; and having obtained permission to resign his command, he returned home through France, stopping a few days in Paris, and reaching England in the end of November. Charnock's suggestion that in consequence of ‘the rancour of party’ Jennings at this time retired from the service is without foundation. He was discharged from full pay on 30 Nov. 1713, was placed on half-pay on 1 Dec. 1713, and continued on half-pay till 14 Oct. 1714, when he was appointed one of the lords commissioners of the admiralty (Half-pay Lists). He continued a member of the admiralty board during the whole of the reign of George I, though for a short time taking the active command of the squadron on the coast of Scotland in February 1715–16, just as the Pretender succeeded in making good his escape. On 28 Aug. 1720 he was appointed ranger of Greenwich Park and governor of Greenwich Hospital, the official residence being then what is now known as the Queen's House.

In 1726 he again hoisted his flag in command of a small squadron sent to the coast of Spain, partly to ascertain the truth of the reports as to warlike preparations at Santander, and with further instructions to cruise between Cape St. Vincent and Cadiz, in order to prevent the treasure-ships getting in, if by chance they should have evaded Vice-admiral Hosier [q. v.] in the West Indies. He returned to England in October, leaving the squadron off Cape St. Vincent, under the command of Rear-admiral Edward Hopson. This was Jennings's last service afloat, and on the death of George I he ceased to be a lord of the admiralty. On the death of Lord Torrington, on 17 Jan. 1732–3, he was appointed rear-admiral of England. The office of admiral of the fleet and commander-in-chief was not filled up till 19 Feb. 1733–4, when it was given to Sir John Norris [q. v.], Jennings's junior. He accordingly, in the language of the day, ‘quitted his flag’ on 26 Feb. 1733–4. He died at Greenwich on 23 Dec. 1743. An ornate monument to his memory is in the parish church of Barkway in Hertfordshire, where he had purchased the manor of Newsells some twenty years earlier (Cussans, vol. i. pt. ii. p. 37). Jennings married Alice, daughter of Francis Breton of Wallington, Hertfordshire, and had issue one son, George, who died in 1790 (ib. p. 23). A portrait, by Jonathan Richardson, is in the Painted Hall at Greenwich, and another by Bockman is at Hampton Court.

[Charnock's Biog. Nav. ii. 261; Cussans's Hist. of Hertfordshire; official documents in the Public Record Office.]

J. K. L.

JENNINGS, SARAH (1660–1744), [See under Churchill, John, first Duke of Marlborough.]

JENOUR, JOSHUA (1755–1863), miscellaneous writer, eldest son of Joshua Jenour, master of the Stationers' Company, and one of the proprietors and manager of the ‘Daily Advertiser,’ was born on 31 July 1755, at Serjeants' Inn, Fleet Street. Jenour ‘took up his livery’ as member of the Company of Stationers in 1776, but receiving a considerable fortune from his uncle, Matthew Jenour, he never engaged in business, and devoted his long life to literary pursuits. ‘He was a voluminous though obscure author. His works were usually, perhaps always, anonymous’ (Gent. Mag. March 1853, p. 325). Jenour, who was married and had a large family, died at Gravesend 23 Jan. 1853 (ib. October 1853, p. 434).

Jenour wrote: 1. ‘The Park,’ a poem, 1778. 2. ‘The Wife Chase,’ a monitory poem. 3. ‘Marriage,’ a precautionary tale. 4. ‘Horrible Revenge,’ a tale. 5. ‘The Weight of a Feather, and the Value of Five Minutes.’ 6. ‘Observations on the Taxation of Property,’ 1795 (went through five editions). 7. ‘A Plan for Meliorating the Condition of the Labouring Poor.’ 8. ‘An Exposition of the Treatment in Private Mad-houses.’ 9. ‘The Life of Junius Brutus Booth.’ 10. ‘Thoughts on Indecorum at Theatres.’ 11. ‘Vindication of the Prince Regent.’ 12. ‘Remarks on Sir Arthur Clark's Essay on Bathing,’ 1820. 13. ‘Horns for Ever! A Procession to Blackheath.’ 14. ‘A Trip from the Moon to the Earth's Centre,’ a satire, 1824. 15. ‘A Plan for the Reform of Parliament.’ 16. Translation of the Fourth, Eighth, and Tenth Satires of Boileau, 1827. 17. ‘Hints for the Recovery and Preservation of Health,’ 1829. He wrote for ‘John Bull,’ the ‘Rochester Gazette,’ and other periodicals.

[Authorities cited above.]

F. W-t.

JENYE, THOMAS (fl. 1565–1583), rebel and poet, whose name appears also as Jeny, Jenny, Jenninges, Genys, Genynges, seems to have been a native of York. He was employed in the service of Thomas Randolph, English agent in Scotland, and wrote at Edin-