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his absence at any of the castles of Windsor, Wallingford, Berkhampstead, or Hertford (Fœdera, ix. 603). There is, however, no authority for the statement made by Holinshed (iii. 69, ed. 1807) and others, that she was left as regent during the king's absence. A pathetic story is told of how, when her son Arthur was brought back a prisoner after Agincourt, and came to visit his mother, she made one of her ladies take her place. The count, who had not seen his mother since a visit to England in 1404, failed to recognize the mistake until Joanna betrayed herself (Nicolas, Agincourt, pp. l57-8). The relations of Joonna with the king were still friendly in 1418 (Fœdera, ix. 603), but in the following year she was accused by John Randolph, a Franciscan friar, her confessor, `of compassing the death of the king in the most horrible manner that could be devised´ (Rot. Parl. iv. 118); elsewhere the accusation is definitely one of witchcraft (Chron. Lond. p. 107; Walsingham, ii 331). The whole affair was very obscure; her accuser is said to have been put to death (Hollinshed, iii. 106). Joanna was deprived of all her revenues, and was committed to the custody of Sir John Pelham at Pevensey Castle (cf. Devon, Issues of Exchequer, p. 362). Some light in thrown by a statement made in 1435 that Henry V had banished `strangers about Queen Joanna, who give information to the enemy, and carry much treasure out of the kingdom´ (Rot. Parl. iv, 306). It must be remembered that Joanna's son, the Duke of Brittany, was on the whole hostile to Henry's pretentions in France. On 13 July 1433 an order was given for Joanna's release and for the restitution of her dower; at this time she was resident at Leeds in Kent. Final restitution was not made till next year; the amount of her dower is given as 3,910 marks 10a. 8d. (ib. iv. 247). The remainder of Joanna's life was passed peacefully at Langley and Havering-atte-Bower. In 1438 there was some trouble as to the payment of her dower from Brittany, the duchy being hostile to England (Lobineau, i. 575, 581). In 1481 her house at Langley was burnt (Hart. MS. 3775, art. 9). In 1433 she is mentioned as being in receipt of an annuity of five hundred marks (Rot. Parl. iv. 435). She died at Havering-atte-Bower on 8 July 1437 (Chron. Lond. p. 133), and was buried at Canterbury on 6 Aug. by the side of her second husband. There is a sculptured effigy on the tomb which gives the idea of a very lovely woman; a similar impression is conveyed by a portrait in Cotton. MS. Julius E. iv. f. 202.

[Lobineau´s, Hist. de Bretagne, i, 454, 456, 501-3, 575, 581, ii. 580, 768, 797, 803-8, 861-878; Morice's Hist. Ecclesiastique et Civile de Bretagne, i. 395-6, 409, 418, 431; Annales Henrici Quarti in Trokelowe, Blaneford, &c. (Rolls Ser.); Chron. of London, ed. Sir N. H. Nicolas, 1827; Rymer´s Fœdera, orig. ed.; Strickland´s Lives of Queens of England, iii. 45-112; authorities quoted in text.]

C. L. K.

JOAN, queen of Scotland (d. 1445). [See Jane.]

JOAN of Kent (d. 1550), anabaptist martyr. [See Bocher, Joan.]

JOBSON, Sir FRANCIS (d. 1573), lieutenant of the Tower, was apparently of Yorkshire descent. He connected himself with the Dudley family through his marriage with Elizabeth Plantagenet, third daughter and coheiress of Arthur, viscount Lisle, natural son of Edward IV, and Elizabeth, his wife, sister and coheiress of John Grey, viscount Lisle, and widow of Edmund Dudley. At the time of the suppression of the monasteries he appears to have been appointed a member of the court of augmentations, and in that capacity he acquired considerable property, chiefly in and about Colchester. He fixed his residence at Monkwike, in the out-parish of West Doniland, the reversion of which had been granted by Edward VI to his wife's half-brother, John Dudley, earl of Warwick. But the latter gave it to Jobson in consideration of large sums which Jobson had lent him, and of the care which Jobson had bestowed on his children. Jobson was knighted in the reign of Edward VI, and in the same reign was appointed surveyor of woods belonging to the court of augmentations north of the Trent, and also master and treasurer of the crown jewels. On 20 Aug. 1564 he was appointed lieutenant of the Tower in the room of Sir Richard Blount. He died at Monkwike on 11 June 1573, and was buried in the church of St. Giles, Colchester, leaving issue John, who married Elizabeth, daughter and coheir of Sir Richard Pexall of Beaurepaire, master of the buckhounds to Queen Elizabeth; Edward, who succeeded him, and married, first, Mary, daughter and coheiress of Edmund Markaunt of Dunham Hall, Essex, and, secondly, Mary, daughter and coheiress of John Bode of Rochford; also Henry, Thomas, and Mary.

[Morant's Colchester, ii. 29, 36, 44; Morant's Essex, i. 186, ii. 325; Sandford's Genealogical Hist. p. 452; Visitation of Essex (Harl. Soc.); Collins's Peerage, ix. 462; Collins's Sydney Papers, preface, pp. xxx, xxxiv; Tanner's Notitia Monastica; Nichols's Collect. Topogr. viii. 263; Wright's Suppression of the Monasteries (Camden Soc.), p. 239; Add. Charter 1995; Egerton MS. 2723, f. 89; Lansdowne MSS. 106, 172; Cal. State Papers,