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Jocelin
Jocelyn
399


of Glastonbury for misconduct, and in 1236 witnessed the confirmation of the Great Charter (ib. i. 95, 103). These are his last recorded acts. He died on 19 Nov. 1242, ‘full of days, and commendable in life and character’ (M. Paris, iv. 233). He was buried in the choir at Wells, under a marble tomb, which he had erected during his life, with a flat brass, which was said to be one of the earliest monuments of its kind in England (Archæol. Journal, i. 199). Even in Godwin's time the tomb was monstrously defaced.

Josceline's title to fame rests on the work which he did at Wells. He may be called the creator of the cathedral as it now stands. His work includes the nave, the choir proper, and the lower portion of the three towers, including the west front. He may or may not have been his own architect. He also built the oldest part of the palace, and the manor-house at Wookey; and joined with his brother Hugh in founding the hospital of St. John at Wells. Josceline was hardly less memorable with regard to the constitution of the church. He largely increased the number of prebends, instituted the body of vicars, and gave various grants for the support of the ‘communa.’

[M. Paris; Annales Monastici; Shirley's Royal and Historical Letters (all in Rolls Ser.); Wharton's Anglia Sacra, i. 563–4, 582–3; Le Neve's Fasti Eccl. Angl. i. 130; Godwin, De Præsulibus, p. 371, ed. Richardson; Foss's Judges of England, ii. 7–13, 23, 514–15; MSS. of Wells Cathedral, Hist. MSS. Comm., where a large number of the bishop's charters and deeds are calendared; Freeman's Hist. of the Cathedral Church of Wells, pp. 71–85.]

C. L. K.

JOCELIN, ELIZABETH (1596–1623), author of 'The Mother's Legacie to her Unborne Childe,' born in 1596, was the daughter of Sir Richard Brooke of Norton, Cheshire, and his wife Joan, daughter of William Chaderton [q. v.], bishop of Lincoln. Elizabeth's mother and father separated, and the former returned home. Elizabeth's childhood was thus passed in the house of Bishop Chaderton, who carefully educated her 'in languages, history, and some arts,' but 'principally in studies of piety.' She had an extraordinary memory, which enabled her 'upon the first rehearsal to repeat above forty lines in English or Latin, and could write out an entire sermon almost word for word' (Goad, Approbation of the ‘Legacie’). In 1616 she married Tourell Jocelin of Cambridgeshire. Foreboding death in child birth, she wrote 'The Mother's Legacie to her Unborne Childe.' a letter which gently but earnestly exhorted her son or daughter to piety and good conduct. Prefixed to it is a letter to her husband, giving him sensible advice as to the bringing up of the child. She bore a daughter on 12 Oct. 1622, and died nine days afterwards. The child, named Theodora, became the wife of Samuel Fortrey [q. v.]

The 'Legacie' was first published in 1624 (cf. Arber, Stationers' Register, 13 Jan., iv. 72), with a long 'Approbation' by Dr. Thomas Goad [q. v.] giving some account of Elizabeth Jocelin's life. The second edition is dated 1624 and the third 1625. An exact reprint of the third edition, with an introduction by an anonymous Edinburgh editor, appeared in 1852. The edition printed at Oxford, 'for the satisfaction of the person of quality herein concerned,' in 1684, and reprinted at the end of C. H. Cranford's 'Sermons' in 1840, is a garbled one, the editor having substituted 'prayers allowed of by the church' for 'Dr. Smith's evening and morning prayer,' and tampered with the admonitions as to Sunday observance. The manuscript of the 'Legacie' is now in the British Museum Addit. MS. 27467.

[Goad's Approbation and the Letter to Tourell Jocelin prefixed to the Legsacy; Sir P. Leycester's Historical Antiquities, p. 327; Harrington's Brief View of the State of the Church. pp. 84, 85; Fuller's Worthies of England, Nichols, i. 185; Genealogist, iii. 293]

E. C-n.

JOCELYN, PERCY (1764–1843), bishop of Clogher, third son of Robert, first earl of Roden [q. v.], by Anne, daughter of James, earl of Clanbrassil, was born on 29 Nov. 1764, and studied at Trinity College, Dublin, where be took his degree of B.A. in 1785. Having received ordination, he became rector of Tamlaght, in the diocese of Armagh, and in 1787 treasurer of Cork Cathedral. Subsequently be received the following appointments in succession: the archdeaconry of Ross in 1788, the treasurership of Armagh in 1790, and a prebend of Lismore in 1796. In 1809 he was appointed bishop of Ferns and Leighlin, and in 1820 bishop of Clogher. Two years later he was deposed on account of scandalous crime. He died in Edinburgh on 2 Dec. 1843, and was buried in the new cemetery there.

[Family records: Cotton's Fasti; Burke's Peerage.]

T. H.

JOCELYN, ROBERT, first Viscount Jocelyn (1688?–1756), lord chancellor of Ireland, was the only son of Thomas Jocelyn, by his wife Anne, daughter of Thomas Bray of Westminster, and grandson of Sir Robert Jocelyn, bart., of Hyde Hall. Hertfordshire. He appears to have studied English law for some time in the office of an attorney named Salkeld in Brooke Street, Holborn, where he