Page:Dictionary of National Biography volume 31.djvu/128

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Ordinis Predicatorum,’ i. 376–80. They are mainly commentaries on Aristotle's ‘Logic,’ with a few treatises on Aristotle's ‘Psychology,’ ‘Physics,’ and ‘Metaphysics.’ His commentaries on various parts of the ‘Organon’ show, says Hauréau, that he was a scrupulous and minute logician, and he was one of the most important teachers of the time in developing the doctrine of the syllogism. Hauréau (ii. 2, 30–2) gives a long extract from his ‘De Ortu’ as a specimen of his power of abridging Aristotle clearly and faithfully. He says that he was a disciple of Thomas Aquinas, but never seems to have attempted any real investigation of his writings.

Kilwardby's treatises on grammar were frequently cited as an authority during the fourteenth century. There are manuscripts of his ‘In Priscianum de Constructione Commentarius’ at Merton and Corpus Christi Colleges, Oxford. Large extracts are given in Quétif and Echard (pp. 377–8) from his ‘Commentary on the Sentences,’ of which there is also a manuscript at Merton College. He also wrote commentaries on scripture, ‘De Passione Christi’ and ‘De Sacramento Altaris.’

[Leland's Commentarii de Scriptoribus Britannicis, pp. 286–8; Quétif and Echard's Scriptores Ordinis Predicatorum, i. 374–80; Bale's Scriptt. Brit. Catal. Cent. Quart. p. xlvi (Basel); Tanner's Bibl. Brit.-Hib. pp. 455–7; Hook's Lives of the Archbishops of Canterbury, iii. 304–26; Turon's Histoire des hommes illustres de l'ordre de Saint-Dominique, i. 397–404; Hauréau's Histoire de la Philosophie Scolastique, II. ii. 28–33; Stöckl's Geschichte der Philosophie des Mittelalters, ii. 735–6; Catalogus Librorum MSS. Angliæ et Hib. (1697); Notices des Manuscrits de la Bibliothèque Nationale, XXII. ii. 39, 95, 97; Coxe's Cat. Cod. MSS. in Coll. et Aul. Oxon.; Trivet (Engl. Hist. Soc.); Peckham's Register, Annales Monastici, Cotton, Chron. of Edward I and Edward II (the last four in Rolls Ser.); Rymer's Fœdera, vol. i.; Prynne's Records.]

T. F. T.

KILWARDEN, Viscount. [See Wolfe, Arthur, 1739–1803.]

KIMBER, EDWARD (1719–1769), novelist and compiler, born in 1719, was son of Isaac Kimber [q. v.] He gained a scanty subsistence by compiling for booksellers, and died, worn out with such drudgery, in 1769 (R. Johnson, preface to Wotton's Baronetage, 1771). His works are: 1. ‘The Life and Adventures of Joe Thompson, a Narrative founded on fact, written by himself’ [anon.], 2 vols. 12mo, London, 1750; other editions, 1751, 1775, 1783. A French translation appeared in 1762. 2. ‘The Peerage of England,’ 12mo, London, 1766; 2nd edit. 1769. 3. ‘The Peerage of Scotland,’ 8vo, London, 1767. 4. ‘The Peerage of Ireland,’ 8vo, London, 1768. 5. ‘The Extinct Peerage of England,’ 12mo, London, 1769. He also wrote memoirs of his father, together with a poem to his memory, prefixed to the latter's ‘Sermons,’ 1756. With Richard Johnson he edited and continued Thomas Wotton's ‘Baronetage of England,’ 3 vols. 8vo, London, 1771. Kimber's father, not himself, as Nichols (Lit. Anecd. v. 251) asserts, superintended a third edition of Ainsworth's ‘Latin Dictionary’ in 1751.

[Chalmers's Biog. Dict. xix. 349; Nichols's Lit. Anecd. iii. 441; Cat. of Advocates' Library.]

G. G.

KIMBER, ISAAC (1692–1755), general baptist minister, biographer, and journalist, was born at Wantage, Berkshire, on 1 Dec. 1692. He studied languages under John Ward, LL.D., professor of rhetoric at Gresham College, and went through a course of philosophy and divinity under John Eames [q. v.] His first settlement was early in 1722, as assistant to Joseph Burroughs [q. v.], at Paul's Alley, Barbican. He was a dull preacher, and very near-sighted, eventually losing the sight of one eye. He left Paul's Alley on 28 June 1724, and became assistant to Samuel Acton at Nantwich, Cheshire. Here he published (1727) a funeral sermon for Mrs. Milton, who is said to have been the third wife of the poet John Milton, Elizabeth, daughter of Sir Edward Minshull, who died at Nantwich March 1727. Milton's widow was certainly a member of his congregation, but her identity with the subject of the sermon has been disputed, as there were two other ladies of the same surname at Nantwich. He left Nantwich in 1727, and became assistant at the general baptist congregation in Old Artillery Lane, London, and also at a neighbouring congregation. On the amalgamation of the two places his services were dispensed with, and he left the active ministry. He started a periodical called ‘The Morning Chronicle,’ which lasted from January 1728 to May 1732. In 1734 Ward made over his school near Moorfields to Kimber and Edward Sandercock, but the school declined in a few years, and Kimber gave it up and took to writing for the booksellers, editing Ainsworth's ‘Latin Dictionary’ in 1751. He died of apoplexy early in 1755; his funeral sermon was preached at Paul's Alley by Burroughs on 9 Feb. He was unfortunate in his marriage, his wife being insane for twenty-three years. His son Edward is separately noticed.

Among his publications were: 1. ‘The Life of Oliver Cromwell,’ &c., 1724, 8vo (six edi-