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1873; ‘The Three Lieutenants,’ 1875; ‘The Three Commanders,’ 1876; and ‘The Three Admirals,’ 1878; ‘Kidnapping in the Pacific,’ 1879; and ‘Hendriks the Hunter,’ 1884. He travelled widely on the ordinary routes of travel, and described his experience for the young in ‘Western Wanderings,’ a Canadian tour, 1856; ‘My Travels in Many Lands’ (France, Italy, and Portugal), 1862; ‘The Western World,’ 1874; and ‘A Yacht Voyage round England,’ 1879. His popular records of adventure and of discovery included: ‘Adventures in the Far West,’ 1881; in Africa, 1883; in India, 1884; in Australia, 1885; a ‘Life of Captain Cook,’ 1871; ‘Great African Travellers,’ 1874; a ‘Popular History of the Navy,’ 1876; ‘Notable Voyages from Columbus to Parry,’ 1880, subsequently brought down to 1885; ‘Livingstone's Travels,’ 1886; ‘Mungo Park's Travels,’ 1886. He translated several of Jules Verne's stories from the French, and wrote many historical tales dealing with almost all periods and countries, from ‘Eldol the Druid,’ 1874, and ‘Jovinian, a tale of Early Papal Rome,’ 1877, downwards, and undertook some popular historical compilations like ‘Half-Hours with the Kings and Queens of England,’ 1876. His writings occupy nine pages and a half of the British Museum Catalogue. They were very popular; his tales were quite innocuous, but most of them proved ephemeral. Feeling his health failing, he wrote a farewell letter in touching terms to the boys for whom he had written so much and so long on 2 Aug. 1880, and died three days later at Stormont Lodge, Willesden, near London.

[Boy's Own Paper, 11 Sept. 1880, which contains his portrait; preface to his novel James Braithwaite, 1882; Athenæum, 14 Aug. 1880; Times, 10 Aug. 1880.]

J. A. H.

KINLOCH, GEORGE RITCHIE (1796?–1877), editor of ‘Ancient Scottish Ballads,’ was born at Stonehaven, Kincardineshire, about 1796, and became a lawyer. He was clerk to three successive advocates-depute, and at Stirling, in 1817 or 1818, he acted for an absent crown-agent. For several years he was secretary to Scott's friend, George Cranstoun, Lord Corehouse, enjoying also the friendship of Lord Colonsay. Appointed in 1842 assistant-keeper of the register of deeds in Edinburgh Register House, he became head of his department in 1851, and retired in 1869. A noted philanthropist, Kinloch was for many years treasurer of the Patterson and Pope fund for relief of deserving poor. Dr. Jamieson, in the preface to the supplementary volume of his ‘Scottish Dictionary,’ 1825, acknowledged indebtedness to him for valuable help. Kinloch died at Edinburgh, 19 April 1877.

In 1824 Kinloch projected, without publishing, a ‘Collection of Scottish Proverbs.’ In 1827 appeared his ‘Ancient Scottish Ballads, recovered from Tradition, and never before published.’ This collection fully deserves the commendation given to it by Scott in ‘Border Minstrelsy,’ i. 83. A miscellaneous ‘Ballad Book’ of little value, issued the same year, was reprinted in 1885. For the Maitland Club Kinloch edited, in 1830, Dr. Archibald Pitcairne's very droll and whimsical production, ‘Babell; a Satirical Poem on the Proceedings of the General Assembly in 1692;’ and the ‘Chronicle of Fife, being the Diary of Mr. John Lamont of Newton, 1649–1671.’ In 1848 he published ‘Reliquiæ Antiquæ Scoticæ.’

[Scotsman newspaper of 21 April 1877; information from Mr. Thomas G. Stevenson, Edinburgh, and Mr. James O. M'Laren, Helensburgh.]

T. B.

KINLOCH, Lord (1801–1872), Scottish judge. [See Penney, William.]

KINLOSS, Lord. [See Bruce, Edward, 1549?–1611.]

KINMONT WILLIE (fl. 1596), border moss-trooper. [See Armstrong, William.]


KINNAIRD, ARTHUR FITZGERALD, tenth Baron Kinnaird (1814–1887), philanthropist, third son of Charles Kinnaird, eighth baron Kinnaird [q. v.], was born at Rossie Priory, Perthshire, on 8 July 1814, and entered at Eton in 1829. Receiving an appointment in the foreign office, he was attached to the embassy at St. Petersburg from July 1835 to September 1837, and was for a time private secretary to the ambassador, the Earl of Durham. In 1837 he became a partner in the banking-house of Ransom & Co., Pall Mall East, London, in succession to his uncle, the Hon. Douglas James William Kinnaird [q. v.] He ultimately became head of the firm, which latterly was styled Ransom, Bouverie & Co. As a liberal he sat in the House of Commons for Perth from 29 July 1837 till August 1839. He was re-elected for that city on 15 May 1852, and continued to represent it until 7 Jan. 1878, when he succeeded his brother, George William Fox Kinnaird [q. v.], as Baron Kinnaird. While in the House of Commons he spoke frequently on Indian questions, of which he had a special knowledge, and he was a strong opponent of the bill for legalising marriage with a deceased wife's sister. He was keenly interested in all movements concerning the well-being of the working classes. There was