Page:Dictionary of National Biography volume 32.djvu/25

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Britain. This was issued as a blue book, and is now known as 'The Modern Domesday Book.' In 1879 Lambert was made K.C.B. In the same year he prepared the report far the select committee of the House of Lords on the conservancy of rivers, and also recognised the audit staff of the local government board. In 1882, in consequence of failing health, he resigned the secretaryship of the local government board. He continued, however, to advise in parliamentary matters, and was chairman of the boundaries commission of 1884-5; which did its work with extraordinary rapidity. In 1885 he was sworn in of the privy council. Lambert was a gifted and highly accomplished musician, and profoundly versed in the ecclesiastical music of the middle age. He was a member of the Academy of St. Cecilia at Rome, and received a gold medal from Plus IX for his services in promoting church music. He was very fond of flowers, and devoted much attention is their cultivation. Lambert died at Milford House, Clapham Common, on 27 Jan. 1892, and was buried at St. Osmund's Church, Salisbury, of which he was founder. He married in 1838 Ellen Head (d. 1801), youngest daughter of Henry Shorto of Salisbury, and left two sons and three daughters. The best portrait of Lambert is a photograph taken by Maull & Co.

Lambert's chief musical publications were: Totum Antiphonarium Vesperale Organisatarum in ecclesiis accommodatum, cujus ope contus Vesperarum per totum annum sono Organi comitari potent,' 4to, 1849; 'Hymnarium Vesperale, Hymnos Vesperales totius anni complectens, ad usum Organistrarum accommodatum,' 8vo; 'Ordinarium Missæ e Graduale Romano in usum organistrarum adaptatum,' 8vo, 1851. With Henry Formby he prepapared: 'Missa pro Defunctis e Graduate Romano, cum discantu pro Organo'; 'Officium Defunctorum usui Cantorum accommodatum' The Vesper Psalter, &c-, &c, with misical notation. 18mo, 1850; 'Hymns and Songs,' with accompaniment for organ or pianoforte, 1853; 'Catholic Sacred Songs,' 1853: and several brief collections of hymns and songs for children. His other works include: 'The true mode of accompanying the Gregorian Chant,' 1848; 'Harmonising and singing the Ritual song;' 'A Grammar of Plain Chant;' 'Music of the Middle Ages, especially in relation tn its Rhythm' and Mode of Execution, with Illustrations,' 1857; 'Modern Legislation as a Chapter in our History.' 1965; and 'Vagrancy Laws and Vagrants,' 1868. He also made various contributions to periodical literature, including an article 'Parliamentary Franchises past and present,' in the 'Nineteenth Century,' December 1869. and a series of 'Reminiscences' in the 'Downside Review.'

[Times, 29 Jan. 1892; Downside Review, vol. viii. No. 1, xi. No. 1 (on p. 81 is a list of his contributions to the Review); Burke's Knightage, 1890. p. 1588; Cosmopolitan. vol. iii. No. 8, p. 153; Men of the Time, 1884, p. 670.]

W. A. J. A.

LAMBERT, MARK (1601), Benedictine. [See Barkworth.]

LAMBERTON, WILLIAM de (d. 1398), bishop of St. Andrews, belonged to a family that was settled in Berwickshire towards the close of the eleventh century which took its name from the estate of Lamberton, in the parish of Mordington, near Berwick. In 1292 Lamberton was chancellor of Glasgow Cathedral. Lamberton swore fealty to Edward I in 1396, but afterwards supported Sir William Wallace, and through Wallace's influence he was elected bishop of St. Andrew's in 1297. A rival candidate, William Comyn, whom the Culdees, claiming to exercise an ancient right, had nominated to the see at the same time, set out in person to Rome to secure the confirmation of his own appointment, but Pope Boniface VIII confirmed the election of Lamberton, and consecrated him on 1 June 1298. In August 1299 he was present at a meeting of the Scottish magnates at Peebles, and after a violent dispute with William Comyn's brother John, third earl of Buchan [q. v.], he was elected one of the chief guardians of Scotland, and had the fortified castles in that kingdom placed under his charge.

About the same time he went as envoy to France to ask the aid of King Philip in resisting the English invasion, and Edward I issued strict orders to have the ship in which he returned from Flanders intercepted. In November 1299 he wrote to Edward, in conjunction with the other guardians, offering to stay hostilities, and to submit to the mediation of the king of France, but this offer was ignored. The claim of Robert de Bruce, earl of Carrick, to the throne of Scotland was covertly supported by Lamberton, although both were then acting as guardians in the name of John de Balliol, another claimant, In his office in capacity he again visited France, returning thence with a letter from King Philip, dated 6 April 1302, in which reference is made to private verbal messages with which the bishop was entrusted. From the seal attached to a letter sent from the Scottish ambassadors at Paris on 25 May 1303, it is evident that Lamberton had then returned to France on an important political