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Petersburg in about seven weeks, January-March 1787, having travelled at an average rate of thirty miles a day. He does not seem to have communicated any account of the journey, but he was not known to have had any conveyance, and he certainly had not the money to hire one.

After waiting some time at St. Petersburg for a passport, a government official drove him as far as Barnaoul, and thence he made his way, principally — if not entirely — on foot, to Yakutsk. At Yakutsk he was detained by the governor, who insisted that the season was too advanced for him to travel; this was probably a mere pretext at the instigation, it has been supposed, of the Russian American Company, who were jealous of an outsider visiting their trading stations. While waiting at Yakutsk he met Joseph Billings [q. v.], whom he had formerly known on board the Resolution, and returned with him to Irkutsk. Here he was arrested by an order newly come from St. Petersburg, was hastily carried back to Moscow, was subjected to some sort of examination — of which we have no account — and, in a very summary manner, was passed over the frontier through Poland. He drew on Banks for a small sum, succeeded in getting the bill cashed, and so returned to London, deeply disappointed at the frustration of his voyage when success was so near. Banks received him with great kindness and introduced him to Henry Beaufoy [q. v.], who proposed that he should undertake a journey of exploration in Africa, on behalf of the African Association, the scheme being, in general terms, that he should land at Alexandria and make his way as he best could to the mouth of the Niger. This he readily undertook, but at Cairo, being indisposed, he took a dose of 'vitriol,' which killed instead of curing. He died in the end of November 1788.

[Memoirs of the Life and Travels of J. Ledyard, by Jared Sparks.]

J. K. L.

LEE. [See also Legh, Leigh, and Ley.]

LEE, Lord (d. 1674), Scottish judge. [See Lockhart, Sir James.]

LEE, ALFRED THEOPHILUS (1829–1883), topographer, born in 1829, was the youngest son of Sir J. Theophilus Lee of Launston Hall, Torquay. In 1860 he was elected scholar of Christ's College, Cambridge, gained the Porteous gold medal for an essay on 'The Slavery of Sin.' in May 1853, and graduated B. A. in 1853, and M.A. in 1856. Having taken holy orders in 1853, he became successively curate of Houghton-le-Spring, Durham (1853-55), senior curate and lecturer of Tetbury, Gloucestershire (1855-6), chaplain to the Marquis of Donegal (1857), vicar of Elson, Hampshire (1857), rector of Ahoghil, co. Antrim (1858-72), rural dean of Antrim (1860-72), surrogate of the diocese of Down and Connor (1860-1865), and chaplain to the Duke of Abercora f 1866-8). In 1866 he received the honorary degree of LL.D. from Trinity College, Dublin, and was made D.C.L. of Oxford in 1867 Foster, Alumni Oxon. 1715-1886, iii. 830). He was proctor for the diocese of Down and Connor in the Irish national synod in 1869, to the general convention in 1870, and to the general synod in 1871. He was also clerical assessor to the bishops' diocesan courts in 1870, and editor of the reports of the general convention and general synod of the church of Ireland from 1860 to 1871. He was honorary secretary to the church institution for the province of Armagh from 1860 to 1870, and to the Society for Promoting the Gospel for the diocese of Connor from 1860 to 1871. In 1871 he was appointed secretary to the Church Defence Institution and the Tithe Redemption Trust, and in 1879 he was chosen preacher at Gray's Inn. He died at Ealing, Middlesex, on 19 July 1883. Lee published numerous sermons, pamphlets, and articles on the church defence question. His more important writings are: 1. 'An Address to the Churchmen of England on the Episcopate proposed by the Cathedral Commission,' 8vo, London, 1855. 2. 'The History of the Town and Parish of Tetbury in the County of Gloucester,' 8vo, London, 1857. 3. 'Facts respecting the Present State of the Church in Ireland.' 12mo, London, 1863 (5th edit. 1868). 4. 'The Statements of Earl Russell respecting the Irish Church Revenues Examined,' 8vo, London, 1865. 5. 'A Handy-Book on the Irish Church Question.' 8vo, London, 1866. 6. 'The Irish Episcopal Succession. The Recent Statements of Mr. Froude and Dr. Brady respecting the Irish Bishops in the Reign of Elizabeth Examined,' 8vo, London, 1867. 7. 'Some Account of the Parish Church of St. Colonanell, Ahoghill . . . with an Original Poem on its Consecration, by C. F. A.,' 8vo, London (1867). 8. 'The Aid given to the Spiritual Work of the Church by Establishment,' 8vo, London, 1872. 9. 'Adequate Representation of Clergy and Laity, the Great Need of the Church,' 8vo, Oxford, 1877. 10. 'The New Burial Act . . . what it does, and what it does not do,' 10th edit., 8vo, London, 1880.

[Times, 21 July, 1883, p. 10; Crockford's Clerical Directory, 1883, p. 600; Brit. Mus. Cat.]

G. G.