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[Dibdin's Bibliomania, 1811, pp. 397–8; More's Utopia, ed. Dibdin, ii. 260–4; Aikins's Athenæum, 1807, ii. 601–4; Notes and Queries, 1st ser. vi. 515, 592, vii. 390, 2nd ser. viii. 105, 183; London's Catalogues in Brit. Mus.]

S. L.

LONDONDERRY, Marquises of. [See Stewart, Robert, 1769–1822, second Marquis; Stewart-Vane, Charles William, 1778–1854, third Marquis.]

LONDONDERRY, Earls of. [See Ridgeway, Sir Thomas, created Earl 1622; Pitt, Thomas, d. 1729.]

LONG, AMELIA, Lady Farnborough (1762–1837), born in 1762, was elder daughter of Sir Abraham Hume [q. v.] of Wormleybury, Hertfordshire. She was married on 28 May 1793 to Charles Long, afterwards first Baron Farnborough [q. v.] She was well known in her day as a judge of art and a skilled horticulturist, and largely assisted in laying out the gardens at Bromley Hill, Kent. She died without issue at Bromley Hill on 15 Jan. 1837, and was buried at Wormley, Hertfordshire, with an elaborate tomb by Westmacott.

[Gent. Mag. 1793, 1837, and 1838; Cussans's Hertfordshire, vol. ii. pt. ii. p. 255.]

J. A. H.

LONG, Lady CATHARINE (d. 1867), novelist and religious writer, youngest daughter of Horatio Walpole, third earl of Orford, married Henry-Lawes Long, esq., of Hampton Lodge, Surrey, 22 July 1822, and died suddenly from alarm in a thunderstorm, 30 Aug. 1867, leaving seven daughters and a son. She engaged in much literary work, chiefly in the way of religious fiction, and published some pieces of sacred music.

Her works are: 1. ‘Sir Roland Ashton, a Tale of the Times,’ Lond. 1844, 8vo, a religious novel directed against the tractarian movement (Athenæum, 1844, p.771). 2. ‘Midsummer Souvenir, Thoughts Original and Selected,’ 1846, 32mo. 3. An ‘Agnus Dei’ for four or five voices, 1848. 4. ‘Christmas Souvenir,’ 1848, 32mo. 5. ‘Heavenly Thoughts for Morning Hours,’ 1851, 18mo. 6. ‘Heavenly Thoughts for Evening Hours,’ Lond. 1856, 18mo. 7. ‘The Story of a Drop of Water,’ Lond. 1856. 8. ‘First Lieutenant's Story,’ Lond. 1856, 12mo. 9. ‘The Story of a Specific Prayer,’ Lond. 1863. 10. ‘Herein is Joy,’ selections from Morning and Evening Thoughts. 11. ‘He is not Dead, he cannot Die,’ in memory of Prince Albert, words and music. 12. ‘For Wounds like these, Christ is the only Cure,’ set to music.

[Burks's Landed Gentry; Burke's Peerage, s. v. 'Orford;' Works in British Museum Library.]

A. F. P.

LONG, CHARLES, Baron Farnborough (1761–1838), politician, born in 1761, was third son of Beeston Long of Carshalton, Surrey, a member of a well-known firm of West India merchants, Drake & Long. His mother, Susannah, was daughter and heiress of Abraham Cropp of Richmond, Surrey. His father's family, settled originally in Wiltshire, had been connected with Jamaica since Charles Long's great-grandfather, Samuel, had been made, on the conquest of Jamaica, secretary to the Jamaica commissioners (see Hasted, Kent, ed. Drake, 1886, pt. i. pp. 255-6). In 1788 he was entered at Emmanuel College, Cambridge, but appears to have taken no degree. In 1833 he was made an honorary LL.D. He entered parliament in January 1789, as one of the members for Rye, and having held that seat till 1796, was returned for Midhurst, and in 1802 for Wendover. In 1806 he came in for Haslemere, and held that seat till his elevation to the peerage. From an early time in his career he was a respectable official and a successful placeman. In 1791 he was appointed joint secretary to the treasury, resigned with Pitt, his patron, in 1801, and on Pitt's return to power in 1804 became a lord commissioner of the treasury. His personal friendship with both Pitt and Addington had made him an invaluable intermediary between them in the previous year (see Stanhope, Life of Pitt, iv. 26; Yonge, Life of Lord Liverpool, i. 149). He was sworn of the privy council on 5 Oct. 1805 (Gent. Mag. 1805, ii. 1231). In February 1806 he was advanced to be secretary of state for Ireland, and was sworn of the Irish privy council. In 1810 he was appointed joint paymaster-general, and eventually became the sole occupant of the office. He was despatched to France in 1817 as a commissioner to settle the accounts connected with the army of occupation. While a member of the House of Commons he voted steadily with the tories, and spoke only so far as his office required. On 27 May 1820 he was created a civil grand cross of the Bath, and at the request of Canning he retired in 1826 from his post of paymaster-general, and was created a peer, Baron Farnborough, 13 June. He enjoyed a pension of 1,500l. a year until, on the death in 1829 of Francis Henry Egerton, eighth earl of Bridgewater [q. v.], his wife's brother, he inherited property of the value of 4,000l. a year, when he resigned his pension. From the time of his elevation to the peerage he devoted himself principally to artistic pursuits. He was a recognised judge of pictures and architecture, formed a considerable gallery of paintings and sculp-

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