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Page:Dictionary of National Biography volume 34.djvu/351

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Lyon
Lyon
345

Lynne also published the following, in which he does not appear to have played any literary part:

  1. ‘Treatise of the right Worshipping of Christ,’ London, 1548, 8vo.
  2. Poynet's ‘Tragœdie or Dialoge of the unjuste usurped Primacie of the Bishop of Rome …’ (a translation from Ochinus), London, 1549, 8vo. A copy at the British Museum has Lynne's autograph.
  3. Poynet's sermon ‘concerninge the ryght use of the Lordes Supper,’ London, 1550, 8vo.
  4. An edition of Becon's ‘Spirytual and Precious Pearle,’ London, 1550, 16mo.
  5. An edition of Norton's translation of Peter Martyr's ‘Epistle unto the … Duke of Somerset,’ London, 1550, 8vo.
  6. ‘A Catechisme,’ n.d.
  7. Story's translations from St. Augustine, n.d.
  8. ‘The Vertuous Scholehous of Ungracious Women,’ n.d.

[Watt's Bibl. Brit.; Brit. Mus. Cat.; Bigmore and Wyman's Bibl. of Printing, i. 449; Ames's Typogr. Antiq. ed. Herbert, ii. 752; Strype's Cranmer, i. 568, Memorials, II. i. 229, 310; Bradford's Works, i. 2, Bullinger's Works, vol. iv. p. xx, Cranmer's Works, ii. 218 (all in Parker Soc.)]

W. A. J. A.

LYON, Mrs. AGNES (1762–1840), Scottish poetess, eldest daughter of John Ramsay L'Amy of Dunkenny, Forfarshire, was born at Dundee early in 1762. In 1786 she became the wife of the Rev. Dr. James Lyon of Glamis, Forfarshire, and died 14 Sept. 1840. She was a woman of some talent and fancy, and wrote poetry, filling four manuscript volumes, which she directed at her death to remain unprinted, unless the family needed pecuniary assistance. The song beginning ‘You've surely heard of famous Niel,’ by which she is solely remembered, was written at the request of Niel Gow [q. v.] for his air, ‘Farewell to whisky.’ In some collections it is very incorrectly printed; in Dr. Rogers's ‘Scottish Minstrel’ it is given from the original manuscript. It is of no great merit, and only survives because of its subject and the air to which it is set.

[Scottish Minstrel, as above; Drummond's Perthshire in Bygone Days.]

J. C. H.

LYON, GEORGE FRANCIS (1795–1832), captain in the navy and traveller, son of a colonel in the army, was born at Chichester in 1795. He entered the navy in 1808, served in the Milford off Cadiz in 1810, followed Rear-admiral Keats to the Hibernia in the watch off Toulon, and was afterwards taken by Lord Exmouth into his flagship, the Caledonia, and appointed to the Berwick as acting lieutenant. The commission was confirmed on 30 July 1814, and Lyon remaining in the Berwick was at the siege of Gaeta in 1815. In December he was moved to the Albion as flag-lieutenant to Rear-admiral (afterwards Sir Charles) Penrose, and took part in the battle of Algiers on 27 Aug. 1816. He was still in the Albion at Malta in September 1818, when Mr. Ritchie, secretary of the embassy at Paris, arrived there on his way to Tripoli to travel in Africa in the interests of the government. It had been arranged that Captain Frederick Marryat [q. v.] was to accompany him, but as Marryat was unable to do so Lyon volunteered to take his place, and in November joined Ritchie at Tripoli. He had already some knowledge of Arabic, and for the next four months studied assiduously, not only the language, but the religious and social forms of the Arabs. They left Tripoli towards the end of March 1819, and reached Murzuk on the thirty-ninth day. Here Lyon had a severe attack of dysentery, and he was barely convalescent when Ritchie was taken ill. The weather was extremely hot. On 20 June at 2 p.m. the temperature was registered as 133° F. in the shade; and the same extreme temperature was observed on other days in August and September. They were without funds, their stores were exhausted, and the sultan was greedy and suspicious. On 20 Nov. 1819 Ritchie died. Without resources, and still very feeble, Lyon pushed on towards the southern boundary of Fezzan, but he was obliged to return, and reached Tripoli more dead than alive in March. Thence he sailed for Leghorn on 18 May, and arrived in London on 29 July 1820. The account of his journey was published as ‘A Narrative of Travels in North Africa in the years 1818, 1819, and 1820, accompanied by Geographical Notices of Soudan and of the Course of the Niger’ (4to, 1821), illustrated with coloured plates of costumes, sports, &c., from Lyon's own drawings.

In December 1820 Lyon was recommended by Captain W. H. Smyth [q. v.] as a person peculiarly well qualified to assist him in the examination and survey of the coast of Tripoli and Egypt. Instead of sending him on this duty, however, the admiralty promoted him to the rank of commander (3 Jan. 1821), and appointed him to the Hecla, discovery ship, under the orders of Captain (afterwards Sir William Edward) Parry [q. v.] in the Fury. The expedition sailed on 8 May, entered the Arctic region through Hudson's Strait, examined Repulse Bay and the neighbouring coast of Melville Peninsula, and wintered at a small island to the eastward of the Frozen Strait. The next summer they went further north and entered Fury and Hecla Strait, but the season being then far advanced they turned back, wintered at