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Page:Dictionary of National Biography volume 34.djvu/438

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M'Cabe
Maccabe
432

chapuill go Dun Phadraic’ (‘There is not a man who has two horses between Galway and Downpatrick’), and a lament for Carolan, ‘Do righneas smaointe do mheasas nar chuis naire’ (‘I have made some reflections which I think no cause of shame’). He died in 1740, and was buried in the churchyard near the well of St. Ultan, with many of his clan, on the border of Breifny, and in the barony of Castlerahan, co. Cavan.

[Brit. Mus. MS. Egerton, 154, f. 32; E. O'Reilly in Transactions of Iberno-Celtic Society, Dublin, 1820; S. H. O'Grady's Cat. of Irish MSS. in Brit. Mus.; Charlotte Brooke's Reliques of Irish Poetry, Dublin, 1789; J. Hardiman's Irish Minstrelsy; local tradition at Cloghwallybeg, co. Cavan.]

N. M.

M'CABE, EDWARD (1816–1885), cardinal, and Roman catholic archbishop of Dublin, born at Dublin in 1816, was the son of poor parents. He was educated at a small local school and afterwards at Father Doyle's school on the quays. Passing through Maynooth he was ordained in 1839, was for some time curate at Clontarf, and thence transferred to the cathedral parish of Dublin. Dr. Murray and his successor in the archbishopric, Paul Cullen [q. v.], recognised his organising talent; he became a canon, and in 1854 refused a nomination to the bishopric of Graham's Town, South Africa. In 1856 he became, by Cullen's appointment, parish priest of St. Nicholas Without, where he built a new church and schools, and was also vicar-general of the diocese. His health gave way under the strain of his work, and in 1865 he was removed to the parish of Kingstown. Here he built a new church (at Monkswell) and opened a local hospital. In 1872 he drew up the address of the catholics of the diocese of Dublin in answer to the remarks of William Nicholas Keogh [q. v.], the judge, in the celebrated Galway election question. Cardinal Cullen becoming infirm, M'Cabe was on 25 July 1877 consecrated bishop of Gadara in partibus as his assistant, and after Cullen's death M'Cabe was on 23 March 1879 approved by the pope as archbishop of Dublin. He at once issued a circular calling attention to the position of Irish Roman catholics with regard to university education (Times, 1 April 1879). He was enthroned on 4 May (ib. 5 May 1879). On 12 March 1882 he was created a cardinal. M'Cabe had lived all his life in a town and had little sympathy with the Land League. In his charges he continually denounced agrarian outrage, and strongly disapproved the ‘no rent’ manifesto (cf. his charge of 12 March 1882). His life was once threatened, and he was unpopular with certain of the Irish leaders. He was supported, however, by the pope and carried on Cullen's policy. He was a member of the senate of the Royal University of Ireland, and served in 1881 on the Mansion House committee in Dublin for the relief of the prevalent distress. He died at his house in Eblana Avenue, Kingstown, on 11 Feb. 1885, and was buried at Glasnevin.

[Times, 12 and 18 Feb. 1885; Freeman's Journal, 11 Feb. 1885; anonymous notice published in 1879.]

W. A. J. A.

MACCABE, WILLIAM BERNARD (1801–1891), author and historian, was born of Roman catholic parents in Dublin on 23 Nov. 1801. In early life, from 1823, he was connected with the Dublin press (for which he reported many of O'Connell's earlier speeches), and was editor of more than one provincial Irish newspaper. About 1833 he settled in London, and at once obtained an engagement on the ‘Morning Chronicle,’ at a time when its staff included some of the most eminent men connected with journalism. MacCabe was an accomplished scholar, and his rare mastery of modern languages rendered him an exceptionally valuable foreign correspondent. In the parliamentary recesses most of his time was spent abroad, and he also contributed critical reviews to the ‘Morning Chronicle,’ and afterwards to the ‘Morning Herald.’ At all times an industrious student of history, he devoted many years to preparing a history of England during the Anglo-Saxon period. This work, which was founded upon original researches into the monastic records at home and abroad, appeared in London in three large volumes in 1847, 1849, and 1854, under the title of ‘A Catholic History of England,’ and the third volume closed with the Norman conquest. MacCabe was also the author of several interesting and dramatic historical romances, such as ‘Bertha,’ 1851, 3 vols. 8vo, which dealt with the struggle between the Emperor Henry of Germany and Hildebrand; ‘Adelaide, Queen of Italy,’ 1856, 12mo, and ‘Florine, Princess of Burgundy,’ 12mo. These works have been translated into German, Italian, and French. In 1852 MacCabe for a brief period renewed his connection with the Dublin press as editor of the ‘Telegraph’ newspaper; but he soon after retired from active literary work, and lived for many years in Brittany. He was a contributor to ‘Once a Week’ and to ‘Notes and Queries;’ and was also the author of many scholarly articles in the ‘Dublin Review.’ He died on 8 Dec. 1891 at Donnybrook, co. Dublin, at the age of ninety.

[Personal knowledge.]

E. W.