Page:Dictionary of National Biography volume 36.djvu/304

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Martin
Martin
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was printed after his death, at Lynn, 1771, 8vo. Worth purchased it, with all his other collections, for 600l. The printed books he immediately sold to Booth & Berry of Norwich, who disposed of them in a catalogue, 1773. The pictures and lesser curiosities Worth sold by auction at Diss; part of the manuscripts in London, in April 1773, by Samuel Baker; and by a second sale there, in May 1774, manuscripts, scarce books, deeds, grants, pedigrees, drawings, prints, coins, and curiosities. What remained on the death of Worth, consisting chiefly of the papers relating to Thetford, Bury, and the county of Suffolk, were purchased by Thomas Hunt, who sold many of them to private purchasers. Richard Gough became possessed of the Bury papers. The dispersion was completed by the sale of Ives's collection in London, in March 1777, he having been a principal purchaser at every former one. Two stout quarto volumes, almost entirely in Martin's handwriting, with some notes of Blomefield, Ives, and others, are now (1893) in the possession of G. G. Milner-Gibson Cullum, esq., of Hardwick House, Bury St. Edmunds. These volumes, containing notes on about 235 Suffolk churches, were purchased by Sir John Cullum, author of the ‘History of Hawstead and Hardwick,’ from John Topham the antiquary in 1777. In addition to these Mr. Cullum has a thin notebook on some Norfolk churches; and some of Martin's notes are now in the possession of the family of Mills of Saxham. Another volume of Martin's notes was sold with the books of John Gough Nichols, F.S.A., and is in the library of the Suffolk Institute of Archæology. There is in the British Museum a copy of Gough's ‘Anecdotes of British Topography,’ 1768, with copious manuscript notes by Martin. Many of his letters are printed in Nichols's ‘Lit. Anecdotes’ (ix. 413 et seq.)

At the sale of Upcott's manuscripts, Sir John Fenn's ‘Memoirs of the Life of Thomas Martin’ was purchased by Sir Thomas Phillipps.

[Cullum's Memoir in the History of Thetford, Pref. pp. v–ix and 284, 285; Addit. MSS. 5833 f. 166, 19090 ff. 19, 24, 19166 f. 168; Dibdin's Bibliomania, pp. 510–13; Gent. Mag. 1853, i. 531; Gough's British Topography, ii. 16, 39*; Horne's Introd. to Bibliography, ii. 661, 662; Lowndes's Bibl. Man. (Bohn), p. 1491; Monthly Review, 1780, lxii. 299; Nichols's Illustr. of Lit. iii. 608, v. 167; Nichols's Lit. Anecd. v. 384, vi. 97, ix. 413–39; Notes and Queries, 1st ser. xii. 321, 2nd ser. x. 86, xi. 142, 3rd ser. xii. 163, 420.]

T. C.

MARTIN, Sir THOMAS BYAM (1773–1854), admiral of the fleet, born 25 July 1773, was third son of Sir Henry Martin, bart. (d. 1794), for Portsmouth, and afterwards comptroller of the navy, His father's half-brother, Samuel Martin (d. 1789), was treasurer to the Princess Dowager of Wales. By the influence of the elder Martin, and in accordance with the irregular custom of the day, the fore he was eight, was borne on the books of the Canada, Captain William Cornwallis, in 1780–1; in 1782, of the Foudroyant, Captain Sir John Jervis; and in 1783, of the Orpheus, Captain George Campbell, Martin's personal connection with the navy began in August 1785, when he was entered at the Royal Naval Academy at Portsmouth, He first went afloat in April 1786, as 'captain's servant' on board the Pegasus, with Prince William Henry (afterwards William IV), whom in March 1788 he followed to the Andromeda. He was afterwards for a few months in the Colossus and the Southampton; and on 22 Nov. 1790 was promoted to be lieutenant of the Canada. For the next two years he served in the Inconstant and the Juno; and in May 1793 was promoted to command the Tisiphone, fitting out for the Mediterranean, where, on 5 Nov. 1793, he was posted to the Modeste frigate, which had been seized at Genoa by Admiral Gell [q. v.] only the month before.

In 'La Vie et les Compagnes du Vice-Admiral Comte Martin' (p. 46). M. Pouget relates, in much circumstantial, but erroneous, detail, how the French fleet, in its sally from Toulon in June 1794, captured the English corvette Expedition, commanded by Captain Martin. The vessel captured was the 14-gun brig Speedy, commanded by Captain (afterwards Sir) George Eyre; and in June 1794 the Modeste was moored in Mortella Bay in Corsica.

In 1795 Martin was appointed to the Santa Margarita, employed on the coast of Ireland, where he captured many of the enemy;s privateers, and on 8 June 1796 took Tamise, a prize from the English two years before. She had now the heavier armament and more numerous crew; but against superior discipline, seamanship, and gun-training she was powerless, and could only kill two and wound three on board the Santa Margarita, while she lost thirty-two killed and nineteen wounded, several mortally (James, i. 365; Troude, iii. 36).

In 1797 Martin commanded the Tamar in the West Indies, and in the space of five months captured nine privateers with aggregate of 68 guns and 619 men. In 1798 he returned to England in command of the Dictator; he was then appointed to the Fisgard, a powerful frigate captured from the French only the year before. On 20 Oct.,