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was buried at the collegiate church. The poet's son William (1753–1822), also an author, was an ardent radical reformer, and was imprisoned for sedition in 1817. A petition which he presented to parliament, containing a complaint of the harsh treatment he had experienced in gaol, led to a debate in the House of Commons, in the course of which Canning is alleged, but apparently without good ground, to have described the prisoner as the ‘revered and ruptured Ogden’ (cf. Notes and Queries, 4th ser. iii. 431, May 1869).

James Ogden wrote: 1. ‘The British Lion Rous'd; or, Acts of the British Worthies: a Poem in Nine Books,’ Manchester, 1762, 8vo. 2. ‘An Epistle on Poetical Composition,’ London, 1762. 3. ‘On the Crucifixion and Resurrection: a Poem,’ 1762. 4. ‘A Poem on the Museum at Alkrington, belonging to Ashton Lever,’ 1774. 5. ‘A Description of Manchester,’ 1783 (anon.). This has been several times reprinted in the present century, the last edition, dated 1887, containing a prefatory memoir by Mr. W. E. A. Axon. 6. ‘A Poem, Moral, Philosophical, Religious, in which is considered the Nature of Man, &c.,’ Manchester, 1788 (anon.). 7. ‘The Revolution: an Epic Poem,’ London, 1790. 8. ‘Archery: a Poem,’ 1793. 9. ‘Emanuel; or, Paradise Regained: an Epic Poem,’ Manchester, 1797. 10. ‘A Concise Narrative of all the Actions … during the Present War’ (Nos. 9 and 10 were published in one volume.) 11. ‘Sans Culotte and Jacobine, an Hudibrastic Poem,’ 1800.

[Axon's Memoir, mentioned above; Procter's Literary Reminiscences and Gleanings, 1860; Proceedings of Manchester Literary Club, 1873–1874, p. 67; Raines's Vicars of Rochdale, ii. 288.]

C. W. S.

OGDEN, JONATHAN ROBERT (1806–1882), musical composer, son of Robert Ogden (d. 1816), was born at Leeds on 13 June 1806. His father while living at Leeds was in partnership with Thomas Bolton, a Liverpool merchant. Ogden was educated at iceds, partly under Joseph Hutton, LL.D., minister of Mill Hill Unitarian Chapel. He became a unitarian, though his parents were members of the church of England. For a short time he was placed in the office of Thomas Bolton at Liverpool, but had no taste for mercantile life, and showed an early bent for music. When very young he played the violoncello at a concert, but his instrument was the piano. To forward his musical education, his mother (whose maiden name was Glover) removed to London. Here Ogden became a pupil of Ignaz Moscheles, and later of August Kollman [q. v.] He studied for a year at Paris under Pixis, and for three years at Munich under Stuntz; in 1827 he visited Vienna. After his marriage (1834), he settled in the lake district, at Lakefield, Sawrey, Lancashire. Here he lived the life of a country gentleman; he was fond of angling, and developed a considerable talent for drawing. James Martineau, D.D., when compiling his 'Hymns for the Christian Church and Home,' 1840, invited Ogden to supply tunes of unusual metre. Ogden, after much persuasion, assented. The result was his 'Holy Songs and Musical Prayers,' published by Novello in 1842. A feature of the volume which evoked criticism was the adaptation as hymn tunes of pieces by Beethoven and others. From the seventh and much enlarged edition (1872) the adaptations are omitted. The style of Ogden's original music is not ecclesiastical, nor are his compositions well adapted for ordinary congregational use; but they possess great beauty, and their spirit is rightly indicated in the title of the volume.

Ogden, though a shy man in society, was beloved by his friends, and a most congenial host. He was methodical in his habits, and, as a J.P. for Lancashire, made an excellent magistrate. He had a keen sense of humour, and could 'stand an examination in Dickens.' He died at Lakefield on 26 March 1882, and was buried on 31 March in Hawkshead churchyard. He married in 1834 Frances, daughter of Thomas Bolton, who survives him; his son died before him, leaving a daughter.

[Inquirer, 1 April 1882 p. 207, 22 April pp. 261 seq. (memoir by William Thornely).]

A. G.

OGDEN, SAMUEL (1626?–1697), presbyterian divine, born at Oldham, Lancashire, about 1626, was educated at Oldham grammar school and Christ's College, Cambridge. After graduating B. A., he was for some time master of Oldham grammar school. In 1652, having married, he was put in charge of Buxton Chapel, Derbyshire. He applied on 19 July 1653 to the Wirksworth classis for ordination, and was ordained on 27 Sept. 1663. Next year he was presented by the Earl of Rutland to the donative curacy of Fairfield, a mile from Buxton. No meeting of Wirksworth classis is recorded between 21 Feb. 1654 and 16 Jan. 1655 (the minute-book has twelve blank leaves). For admission to Fairfield, Ogden went up to London to the 'triers,' and obtained an approbation, 23 Oct. 1654, under their seal. He held Buxton and Fairfield Chapels till 1657, when he obtained the vicarage of Mackworth, Derbyshire, from