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Towards the end of his life he was reduced to great poverty, and lived by his pen. He remained in London during the plague, and was carried off by it in 1665.

The published works of Quarles are: 1. ‘Fons Lachrymarum, or a Fountain of Tears; from whence flow England's Complaint, Jeremiahs Lamentations paraphras'd, with Divine Meditations. And an Elegy upon that Son of Valor, Sir Charles Lucas,’ London, 1648, 12mo; reprinted 1649, 1655, 1677. 2. ‘Regale Lectum Miseriæ, or a Kingly Bed of Miserie. In which is contained a Dreame; with an Elegy upon the Martyrdome of Charles, late King of England. … And another upon … Lord Capel. With a Curse against the Enemies of Peace, and the Authors Farewell to England,’ London, 1648, 8vo; reprinted 1649, 1658, 1659, 1660, 1679. 3. ‘Gods Love and Mans Unworthiness,’ London, 1651, 12mo; reprinted, with ‘Divine Meditations,’ 1655. 4. ‘The Tyranny of the Dutch against the English. … And likewise the Sufferings and Losses of Abraham Woofe … and others in the Island of Banda,’ London, 1653, 8vo (prose); reprinted 1660. 5. ‘Divine Meditations upon several Subjects …,’ London, 1655, 8vo; reprinted 1663, 1671, 1679. 6. ‘The Banishment of Tarquin, or the Reward of Lust,’ annexed to Shakespeare's ‘Rape of Lucrece,’ London, 1655, 8vo. 7. ‘An Elegie on … James Usher, L. Archbishop of Armagh, …,’ London, 1656, 8vo. 8. ‘The History of the most vile Dimagoras …,’ London, 1658, 8vo. 9. ‘A Continuation of the History [by his father] of Argalus and Parthenia,’ London, 1659, 12mo. 10. ‘Rebellions Downfall,’ London, 1662, fol. broadside. 11. ‘Londons Disease and Cure. Being a Soveraigne Receipt against the Plague, for Prevention sake,’ London, 1665, fol. broadside. 12. ‘The Citizens Flight, with their Recall, to which is added Englands Tears and Englands Comforts,’ London, 1665, 4to. 13. ‘Self-Conflict, or the powerful Motions between the Flesh and Spirit, represented in the Person … of Joseph … ,’ London, 1680, 8vo; reprinted, with a slightly different title (‘Triumphant Chastity, or Joseph's Self-Conflict’), 1684. There is nothing in the book to show that this last item, a translation entirely in the manner of Quarles, is a posthumous publication, but the date of his death given above is confirmed by Winstanley (Lives of the Poets, 1687, p. 194), who was apparently acquainted with at least one member of his family. Quarles also wrote a prose preface to John Hall's ‘Emblems,’ 1648, and contributed verses to Fuller's ‘Abel Redevivus’ (1651).

There are three portraits of Quarles—one by Marshall, with verses underneath it by T.M.; one by Faithorne; and one anonymous (cf. Bromley, Catalogue).

[Wood's Athenæ Oxon. ed. Bliss, iii. 697; Quarles's Works, passim; Sage's Notes on the Quarles Family, reprinted from the East Anglian.]

G. T. D.


QUEENSBERRY, Dukes of. [See Douglas, Charles, third Duke, 1698–1778; Douglas, James, second Duke, 1662–1711; Douglas, William, first Duke, 1637–1695; Douglas, William, fourth Duke, 1724–1810.]


QUEENSBERRY, CATHERINE, Duchess of (d. 1777). [See under Douglas, Charles, third Duke of Queensberry, 1698–1778.]


QUEENSBERRY, Earls of. [See Douglas, James, second Earl, d. 1671; Douglas, Sir William, first Earl, d. 1640.]


QUEKETT, JOHN THOMAS (1815–1861), histologist, born at Langport, Somerset, on 11 Aug. 1815, was the youngest son of William Quekett and Mary, daughter of John Bartlett. The father was at Cockermouth grammar school with William and Christopher Wordsworth, and from 1790 till his death in 1842 was master of Langport grammar school. He educated his sons at home, and each of them was encouraged to collect specimens in some branch of natural history. When only sixteen John gave a course of lectures on microscopic subjects, illustrated by original diagrams and by a microscope which he had himself made out of a roasting-jack, a parasol, and a few pieces of brass purchased at a neighbouring marine-store shop. On leaving school he was apprenticed, first to a surgeon in Langport, and afterwards to his brother Edwin, entering King's College, London, and the London Hospital medical school. In 1840 he qualified at Apothecaries' Hall, and at the Royal College of Surgeons won the three-years studentship in human and comparative anatomy, then first instituted. He formed a most extensive and valuable collection of microscopic preparations, injected by himself, illustrating the tissues of plants and animals in health and in disease, and showing the results and uses of microscopic investigation. In November 1843 he was appointed by the College of Surgeons assistant conservator of the Hunterian Museum, under Professor (afterwards Sir) Richard Owen [q. v.], and in 1844 he was appointed demonstrator of minute anatomy. In 1846 his collection of two thousand five hundred preparations was purchased by the college, and he was directed