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[Rev. William Quekett's My Sayings and Doings, 1888, 8vo; Proceedings of the Linnean Society, 1861–2, p. xciii; and information from J. T. Quekett's diaries, and papers furnished by his son, Arthur E. Quekett, esq. M.A.]

G. S. B.

QUEMERFORD, NICHOLAS (1554?–1599), Jesuit. [See Comberford.]

QUEROUAILLE, LOUISE RENÉE de, Duchess of Portsmouth and Aubigny (1649–1734). [See Kerouaille.]

QUESNE, CHARLES Le (1811–1856), writer on Jersey. [See Le Quesne.]

QUESNEL or QUESUEL, PETER (d. 1299?), Franciscan, was warden of the Franciscan house at Norwich, and died about 1299. He enjoyed a high repute as ‘theologian and doctor of the canon law,’ and was author of ‘Directorium Juris in Foro Conscientiæ et Juridiciali.’ This work is divided into four books: (1) ‘De summa Trinitate et fide Catholica, et de septem Sacramentis;’ (2) ‘De iisdem Sacramentis ministrandis et accipiendis;’ (3) ‘De Criminibus quæ a Sacramentis impediunt et de pœnis iisdem injungendis;’ (4) ‘De iis quæ ad jus spectant ordinate dirigendis.’ There is a manuscript at Merton College, Oxford (No. 223), in which, however, books ii. and iv. are imperfect. The proœmium opens with the words, ‘Si quis ignorat ignorabitur;’ the treatise itself commences ‘Dignus es Domine aperire librum.’ Wadding says of this work, ‘Volumen ingens et stylus elegans.’ There was formerly a copy at Norwich, and Wadding also mentions that there were manuscripts in the Vatican and in the Franciscan library at Toledo. There were also copies in the library of the Santa Croce at Florence (two manuscripts), in the Colbert collection at Paris (two copies), and in the libraries at Padua, Clairvaux, and St. Martin of Tours (Montfaucon, Bibliotheca Bibliothecarum, ii. 1337). In the library of the Santa Croce there is an anonymous epitome. In one edition (Padua, 1475) of the ‘Commentarii in libros Physicorum Aristotelis,’ ascribed to John Canonicus, the first and second books of the ‘Questiones’ are ascribed to ‘Doctor Canonicus Magister Petrus Casuelis ordinis minorum’ (Little, Greyfriars at Oxford, p. 224 n. 1, Oxf. Hist. Soc.).

[Tanner's Bibl. Brit.-Hib. pp. 610–11; Wadding's Script. Ord. Min. p. 195; Sbaralea's Suppl. Script. Ord. Franc. p. 604; Blomefield's Hist. of Norfolk, iv. 111; Coxe's Cat. MSS. in Coll. Aulisque Oxon. i. 87.]

C. L. K.

QUICK, HENRY (1792–1857), the Cornish poet, born on 4 Dec. 1792, of humble parentage, at Zennor, where he spent his life, wrote from youth upwards rugged verses for the countryside. He increased a precarious income by the sale of popular journals, which he procured each month from Penzance. From 1830 until his death he commemorated in verse all the local calamities and crimes, usually closing each poem with a religious exhortation. Most of his lucubrations he printed as broadsides. In 1836 he wrote his ‘Life and Progress’ in eighty-nine verses. He also printed ‘A new Copy, &c., on the Glorious Coronation of Queen Victoria’ (1838); ‘A new Copy of Verses on the Scarcity of the Present Season and Dreadful Famine in Ireland’ (1848); and similar trifles both in verse and prose.

An engraving represents Quick in curious costume, with a printed sheet in his hand and a basket under his arm (Millett, Penzance Past and Present, p. 36). He died at Mill Hill Down, Zennor, on 9 Oct. 1857.

[Cornish Telegraph, 21 Oct. 1857; Boase and Courtney's Bibl. Cornub. Suppl., where is a full list of his works.]

G. Le G. N.

QUICK, JOHN (1636–1706), nonconformist divine, was born at Plymouth in 1636. He entered at Exeter College, Oxford, about 1650, and became servitor in 1653, at the age of seventeen. The rector, John Conant [q. v.], had strong puritan leanings, and Quick's tutor, John Saunders, was a man of the same type. He graduated B.A. in 1657, and after preaching some time at Ermington, Devonshire, was ordained presbyter on 2 Feb. 1659 at Plymouth. His first charge was the vicarage of Kingsbridge with Churchstow, Devonshire, a sequestered living, from which Quick was probably ejected at the Restoration. At the passing of the uniformity act in 1662 he held the perpetual curacy of Brixton, Devonshire. Quick neither conformed nor resigned, and, though excommunicated, he continued to officiate till, on Sunday, 13 Dec. 1663, while preaching his morning sermon, he was arrested on the warrant of two justices, and committed to Exeter gaol. On 15 Jan. 1664 he was brought up at the quarter sessions, and examined as to his ordination. His counsel pleaded errors in the indictment, and the bench unanimously pronounced his commitment illegal. But as Quick would enter into no sureties for good behaviour, nor promise to give up preaching, he was remanded to gaol. Eight weeks afterwards he was liberated at the assizes by Sir Matthew Hale [q. v.] Seth Ward, bishop of Exeter, prosecuted him for preaching to his fellow prisoners, but he was acquitted. Quick relates that when sent to prison he was consumptive, but ‘perfectly recovered when he came out.’ On the indulgence of 1672 he took out a