of the House of Commons. Here he proved very efficient, and after attending, during a session of the house, a committee on the merits of the Armstrong and Whitworth ordnance, he received a vote of thanks from the committee. Ill-health occasioned his resignation in August 1875.
When parliament was not sitting he spent his time in literary work by special arrangement with his employers, and wrote much in verse and prose. At an early period he became a member of the staff of the ‘Illustrated Times,’ and from 13 Oct. 1855 to 24 June 1871 furnished the greater part of a weekly article on men and manners, entitled ‘The Literary Lounger.’ In the meantime he commenced writing for Cassell's ‘Boy's Paper,’ ‘St. Paul's Magazine,’ ‘Good Words,’ ‘Good Words for the Young,’ and ‘The Peep Show.’ To ‘The Argosy’ (vols. iii. and iv.), in 1867, he contributed, under the name of Henry Holbeach, a tale entitled ‘Shoemakers' Village.’ For the ‘Contemporary Review’ he wrote very many articles under the pseudonyms of Henry Holbeach and Matthew Browne; the earliest, called ‘Moral Criteria and Moral Codes,’ appeared in December 1869 (pp. 584–600). To the ‘Saturday Journal,’ published by Alexander Strahan between April 1874 and April 1875, he furnished twelve four-leaf ‘Monthly Supplements of Notes, Literary, Social, and Scientific;’ and to Tait's ‘Edinburgh Magazine’ a number of articles entitled ‘Reading Raids.’ He was a reviewer in the ‘Pall Mall Gazette’ in its early years, and in his later days wrote many articles in the ‘Spectator.’ In 1878 he aided in founding the ‘Citizen’ newspaper in the city of London.
He died at Luton Villa, Ondine Road, East Dulwich, Surrey, on 23 April 1882, and was buried in Forest Hill cemetery, leaving four children.
Rands was in many ways an eccentric character. His domestic life was somewhat irregular; but he was for some time a regular preacher in a chapel at Brixton, and composed hymns of great force and originality. One, commencing ‘One Lord there is all lords above,’ which appeared originally in his ‘Lilliput Lectures’ (1872), has been included in Horder's ‘Congregational Hymns’ (1884), and in the ‘Congregational Church Hymnal’ (1887) (Julian, Hymnology, 1892, p. 951). As a poet he showed a keen love of nature and a sense of the music of words. His first book, brought out in 1857, and one of the few to which his name is attached, was called ‘Chain of Lilies and other Poems.’ In after years he regarded it as crude and unsatisfactory. It is as a writer of verse for children that his position was most secure. Mr. James Payn called him, in ‘Chambers's Journal,’ the ‘laureate of the nursery,’ and had he done no more than write the lyric ‘Beautiful World,’ in his ‘Lilliput Lectures’ (1871), he would have claimed remembrance. His fairy tales, of which he published one every Christmas for many years, combined much delicate fancy with well-contrived allegory; the chief of them were reprinted in ‘Lilliput Legends.’ His elaborate book on Chaucer's ‘England,’ 1869 (2 vols.), under the pseudonym of ‘Matthew Browne,’ is an admirable piece of work. Besides the works noticed, he wrote: 1. ‘Tangled Talk, an Essayist's Holiday’ (by T. Talker), 1864. 2. ‘The Frost upon the Pane; a Christmas Story,’ 1854 (anon.). 3. ‘Lilliput Levee,’ 1864; 3rd edit. 1868 (anon.). 4. ‘Lilliput Revels,’ 1871 (anon.). 5. ‘Lilliput Legends,’ 1872 (anon.). 6. ‘Henry Holbeach, Student in Life and Philosophy: a Narrative and a Discussion,’ 1865 (by ‘Henry Holbeach’), 2 vols.; 2nd edit. 1866. 7. ‘Shoemakers' Village’ (by ‘Henry Holbeach’), 1871, 2 vols. 8. ‘Verses and Opinions’ (by ‘Matthew Browne’), 1866.
[Daily News, 26 April 1882, p. 2; Pictorial World, 17 June 1882, pp. 371–2 (with portrait); Contemporary Review, November 1869, pp. 398–412; Miles's Poets of the Century, 1893, v. 115–130; information from W. H. Gurney Salter, esq., Paul W. Rands, esq., and Alexander Strahan, esq.]
RANDULF, called Le Meschin, Earl of Chester (d. 1129?), was the son and heir of Randulf, called ‘de Brichessart’ (from Briquessart, his family seat), hereditary vicomte of the Bessin in Normandy, by Maud, sister of Hugh ‘of Avranches,’ earl of Chester [q. v.] He is chiefly remarkable for the confusion that has prevailed as to his name, his titles, and his wife. Though he is very generally termed ‘de Meschines’ (de Micenis), he bore the name ‘Meschin’ only. According to Dugdale, he came over with the Conqueror, and received the city of Carlisle, of which he became earl. Freeman asserted that he became earl of Cumberland; but, as Mr. Eyton rightly points out (Addit. MS. 31930, f. 171), Randulf was never ‘earl,’ but merely ‘lord’ of the district. All this confusion can be traced through Dugdale to Matthew of Westminster (see an excellent note by Mr. Luard in Matt. Paris, Chronica Majora, ii. 8), and to the documents of Wetherall Priory, printed in the ‘Monasticon’ (iii. 583–4), and including the so-called ‘Chronicon Cumbriæ,’ a special source of error. The documents, however, there numbered iii, v, and xv, are probably