of the Plantations; nor to be doctors in any faculty, but only M.A. or B.C.L.; nor to be married (probably from his disgust at the unfortunate marriage of his brother Thomas, and anger, of which there is evidence, at his own mother's marrying twice after his father's death); nor to be fellows of the Royal Society or the Society of Antiquaries, on account of offence which he had personally taken against those bodies. His printed books not otherwise disposed of, pamphlets, and prints were sold at three several auctions, which altogether lasted for sixty-eight days, in 1756 and 1757. The printed books alone comprised 9,405 lots. His manuscripts in the Bodleian Library number altogether about five thousand seven hundred; catalogues of portions have been published, while of the remainder brief entries are furnished in Mr. F. Madan's ‘Summary Catalogue of Western MSS. in the Bodleian Library,’ 1895, pp. 254–556.
Among the works that he claims to have written or edited are: ‘Life of Anthony Wood,’ Oxford, 1711: Carmina quædam in obitum Reg. Annæ et Jo. Radclivii. ‘The Oxford Packet broke open,’ 1714. ‘University Miscellany,’ 2nd edit. 1714. ‘The Jacobite Memorial, being a Letter sent to the Mayor of Oxford,’ 1714 (‘these papers were published by a gentleman to whom Dr. R. R. communicated copies which he took from the original, Aug. 31, 1714’). ‘A full and impartial Account of the Oxford Riots,’ 1715. ‘Miscellanies on several curious Subjects,’ 1714. ‘Laws of Honour’ (1714, 1726). Tristram Risdon's ‘Survey of Devon,’ 2 vols. 1714. W. Lilly's ‘History of his Life and Times,’ 1715. ‘The History and Antiquities of the Cathedral Church of Hereford,’ 1717. S. Erdeswick's ‘Survey of Staffordshire,’ 1717. T. Abingdon's ‘Antiquities of the Cathedral Church of Worcester, with the Antiquities of Lichfield,’ 1717. ‘History and Antiquities of the Cathedral Church of Rochester,’ 1717. E. Ashmole's ‘Memoirs by way of Diary,’ 1717. ‘Conduct of Rev. Dr. White Kennet, Dean of Peterborough, from 1681 to this time,’ 2nd edit. 1717. ‘Rob South, Opera posthuma, Lat.-Engl.’ 1717. ‘Inscriptions in the Dissenters' Burial-place near Bunhill Fields,’ 1717. ‘Abælardi et Heloissæ Epistolæ,’ 1717(–18. ‘To some copies are prefixed verses by Dr. Sewell’). J. Aubrey's ‘Natural History and Antiquities of the County of Surrey’ (much enlarged), 5 vols. 1719. ‘Antiquities of Salisbury and Bath,’ 1719. J. Norden's ‘Survey of Northamptonshire,’ 1720. ‘The English Topographer,’ 1720. ‘History of Sir John Perrott,’ from the original manuscript, 1727 (–28, published in November 1727). Translation of Du Fresnoy's ‘Method of studying History, with a Catalogue of Historians,’ 1728. ‘Addison's Speech in defence of the New Philosophy,’ transl. from the Latin, annexed to Fontenelle's ‘Week's Conversation,’ 1728. ‘Letters wrote by R. R. in the British Champion of … A Letter about Subscriptions to Books. Numb. … of Saturday, 23 April 1744.’ ‘Two letters of Dr. R.'s to E. Curll in relation to Mr. Hearne, prefixed by that Scoundrell to the scandalous Account of Mr. Hearne's Life, published at London at the end of a third vol. of Pope's Letters’ (1736). In 1717 he printed ‘Proposals for a History of Eton College,’ his collections for which remain among his manuscripts. In 1729 he privately printed Theophilus Downes's ‘De Clipeo Woodwardiano Stricturæ breves,’ in 1732 reprinted the Latin version of the Thirty-nine Articles, and about 1733 issued privately the records of nonjuring consecrations, of which a part had been printed previously. In his later years he appears to have sent nothing to the press.
[Rawlinson MS. J. i. 343–54; Nichols's Lit. Anecd. vii. 489–98 (many notes are scattered through various volumes of the Anecdotes and of the Literary History); Macray's Annals of the Bodleian Library, 2nd edit. pp. 231–51, with portrait.]
RAWLINSON, Sir THOMAS (1647–1708), lord mayor of London, son of Daniel and Margaret Rawlinson, was born in the parish of St. Dionis Backchurch, London, in March and baptised on 1 April 1647 (Harleian Soc. Registers of St. Dionis, p. 109). His father (1614–1679) was a London vintner, who kept the Mitre tavern in Fenchurch Street, and owned land at Graysdale in Lancashire, where the family was originally seated (Foster, Lancashire Pedigrees). Young Rawlinson followed his father's business; he was admitted a freeman of the Vintners' Company on 12 Oct. 1670, and was elected master in 1687 and in 1696. The company possess a silver-gilt standing cup and cover presented to them by Rawlinson in 1687. On 6 Aug. 1686 he was knighted at Windsor, and in the following month was appointed by the king, with Sir Thomas Fowles, sheriff of London and Middlesex (Luttrell, Relation of State Affairs, i. 385). He was elected alderman of the ward of Castle Baynard on 1 Dec. 1696 (ib.), and was appointed colonel of the trained bands in July 1690, and colonel of the White regiment on 21 June 1705. On 22 Sept. 1705 he became president of Bridewell and Bethlehem hospitals, and on Michaelmas day following was chosen lord mayor. During his mayoralty the city celebrated Marlborough's victories in Flanders.