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married Margery, daughter of John Bray, and niece of Sir Reginald Bray. She brought and inherited a good deal of property, and he was able to greatly improve The Vyne, being possibly assisted architecturally by Sir Reginald Bray. By her he had Thomas, who succeeded as second baron; John, deputy at Guisnes; Reginald, whom his father describes as ‘my unthrifty son Reynold Sandys, the priest’ (ib. vi. 1307, 1390; cf. vii. 49); and several daughters.

[Challoner Chute's History of The Vyne; Burrows's Hist. of the Family of Brocas; Burke's Extinct and Dormant Peerage; Friedmann's Anne Boleyn, ii. 58, &c.; Letters and Papers Henry VIII (many references); Brewer's Henry VIII, ii. 2; Froude's Hist. of Engl. ii. 506; State Papers, Henry VIII, i. 20, &c., vi. 170, 598, vii. 11, viii. 357, &c.; Wriothesley's Chron. i. 45; Strype's Annals, iii. ii. 65, Mem. i., i. 79, ii. i. 8, iii. i. 494.]

W. A. J. A.

SANDYS, WILLIAM (1792–1874), antiquary, eldest son of Hannibal Sandys (1763–1847) and his wife Anne (d. 1850), daughter of William Hill, was born at 5 Crane Court, Fleet Street, London, on 29 Oct. 1792. He was educated at Westminster School 1800–8, and in January 1814 was admitted solicitor. From 1861 to 1873 Sandys was head of the firm of Sandys & Knott, Gray's Inn Square; and he was also commissioner of affidavits in the stannary court of Cornwall, and a fellow of the Society of Antiquaries. In 1873 he retired; and on 18 Feb. 1874 he died at his residence, 10 Torrington Square, London. He was buried at Kensal Green on 23 Feb. He married, first, on 13 Jan. 1816, Harriette, daughter of Peter Hill of Carwythenack, Cornwall (she died on 3 Aug. 1851); and secondly, on 6 Sept. 1853, Eliza, daughter of Charles Pearson of Ravensbourne House, Greenwich.

An enthusiastic musical amateur from youth, Sandys studied the violoncello under Robert Lindley, and was also a zealous antiquary. He had a singular faculty of mental arithmetic. His first work, ‘A History of Freemasonry,’ appeared in 1829; the next, in 1831, was a disquisition upon ‘Macaronic Poetry,’ with specimens. ‘A Selection of Christmas Carols,’ with the tunes, followed in 1833; this volume is of permanent value to the musical antiquary. In 1846 he issued ‘Specimens of Cornish Dialect;’ he edited a volume of old ‘Festive Songs’ for the Percy Society (1848); and in 1852 he wrote a tract upon ‘Christmastide, its History, Festivities, and Carols.’ He is best remembered by his share in Sandys and Forster's ‘History of the Violin’ (1864). He was mainly responsible for the earlier part.

[Sandys's Works; Boase and Courtney's Bibliotheca Cornubiensis, pp. 627, 1333, where a full bibliography is given; Grove's Dict. of Music and Musicians, iii. 225; Times, 18 Dec. 1874; Law Journal, ix. 134.]

H. D.


SANFORD, JOHN LANGTON (1824–1877), historical writer, born at Upper Clapton, London, on 22 June 1824, studied at University College, London. Afterwards entering at Lincoln's Inn, he read in the chambers of Mr. (afterwards Sir) John Richard Quain [q. v.], and was called to the bar in 1855, but never practised. From 1852 to the end of 1855 he was joint editor of the ‘Inquirer,’ established as a unitarian organ in 1842. From 1861 till his death he contributed to the ‘Spectator.’ The occupation of his life was the study of English history. He published in 1858 ‘Studies and Illustrations of the Great Rebellion’ (some of which appeared originally in the ‘Christian Reformer,’ under the signature of ‘Sigma’). ‘The Great Governing Families of England,’ which appeared in 1865, 8vo, in 2 vols., was written in conjunction with Mr. Meredith Townsend, and was originally contributed to the ‘Spectator.’ Sanford's ‘Estimates of English Kings’ (published in 1872, 8vo) was also reproduced from the ‘Spectator.’

On points of genealogy and of topographical and parliamentary history Sanford's knowledge was singularly minute and full; his power of realising the personages of history, great and small, was marked by keen sensibility and a wide range of sympathies. Among his closest friends were Walter Bagehot [q. v.] and William Caldwell Roscoe [q. v.] For many years his eyesight was failing, and early in 1875 he became totally blind. After the death of his sister Lucy he removed, in May 1876, from London to Evesham, Worcestershire. He died at Evesham on 27 July 1877, and was buried in the graveyard of Oat Street Chapel.

[Inquirer, 4 Aug. 1877; information from R. H. Hutton, esq.; personal recollection.]

A. G.

SANFORD or SANDFORD, JOSEPH (d. 1774), scholar and book collector, was son of George Sanford of Topsham, near Exeter. He matriculated from Exeter College, Oxford, on 6 April 1709, aged 17, and was a fellow commoner there until 22 Dec. 1712. On 21 Oct. 1712 he graduated B.A. (M.A. 16 June 1715, B.D. 9 Nov. 1726), and about 1715 he was elected to a fellowship at Balliol College.

Sanford did not take orders until the statutes of the college rendered it essential