Page:Dictionary of National Biography volume 50.djvu/317

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establishing a factory there under the charge of Richard Cocks, and concluding an agreement with Adams (24 Nov.) to act as a servant of the company, he returned to Bantam, which he reached in the end of December. Towards the middle of February 1613–14 he sailed for England, and anchored at Plymouth on 27 Sept.

The announcement of his arrival reached the court of directors accompanied by charges—apparently anonymous—of his having carried on ‘a great private trade.’ The matter was considered on 30 Sept. and subsequent days, the feeling being that it would be ‘unfitting and dishonourable’ to deal hardly with one who had made so adventurous and successful a voyage. In the beginning of December the Clove came into the river, and the question seems to have been settled by Saris agreeing to sell his goods to the company. A few days later it was reported that Saris had brought home ‘certain lascivious books and pictures,’ and actually had them in the governor's house, where he was staying, ‘to the great scandal of the company, and unbecoming their gravity to permit.’ The objectionable articles were burnt.

In 1616 it was incorrectly reported that Saris was going out again to Japan; but he seems to have been from time to time consulted by the court. The last official mention of him is in 1627, after which he appears to have lived at Fulham, where he died in 1646. It was said in 1616 that he had ‘married Mr. Mexse's daughter in Whitechapel.’ If so, his wife predeceased him without issue. His will in Somerset House (Twisse, 146), dated 18 April 1643, and proved 2 Oct. 1646, makes no mention of wife or child, and leaves the bulk of his property to the children of his brother George, who had died in 1631 (Will, St. John, 89, 102).

[Purchas his Pilgrimes, i. 334–84; Cal. State Papers, East Indies; Rundall's Memorials of the Empire of Japan (Hakluyt Soc).; Diary of Richard Cocks (Hakluyt Soc). Saris's original Journal in the Clove is at the India Office.]

J. K. L.

SARJEAUNT, JOHN (1622-1707), controversialist. [See Sergeant.]

SARMENTO, JACOB de CASTRO, M.D. (1692–1762), physician, was born in Portugal in 1692, of Jewish parents. He graduated M.D. at Coimbra on 21 May 1717. He came to England as rabbi of the Jews of Portugal resident in London, and, intending to practise medicine, was admitted a licentiate of the College of Physicians on 25 June 1725. He was created M.D. at Aberdeen on 2 July 1739. His first publication was a ‘Sermam Funebre,’ a funeral sermon in Portuguese on David Nieto [q. v.] It has numerous Hebrew quotations, and was printed ‘con licenza dos Senhores do Mahamad.’ He was admitted a fellow of the Royal Society on 12 Feb. 1730. He contributed to the ‘Philosophical Transactions’ accounts of astronomical observations made in Paraguay (1730 and 1749) and of ‘diamonds found in Brazil’ (1731). In 1758 he withdrew from the Jewish community. He died in London on 14 Sept. 1762.

In 1756 he published in London a treatise ‘Do uso e abuso das minhas agoas de Inglaterra,’ in 1757 ‘Appendix ao que se acha escrito na Materia Medica,’ and in 1758 a large quarto ‘Materia Medica’—all in Portuguese. His portrait, by Pine, engraved by Houston, forms the frontispiece of the last-mentioned volume, and represents him seated at a table, pen in hand, with a sheet of paper before him, on which he has just written the crossed , which is the proper prefix of a prescription.

[Works; Munk's Coll. of Phys. ii. 92.]

N. M.

SARSFIELD, PATRICK, titular Earl of Lucan (d. 1693), of an old Anglo-Irish family, was born at Lucan, near Dublin, and educated at a French military college. He was the second son of Patrick Sarsfield, by Anne, daughter of Rory O'More (fl. 1620–1652) [q. v.] His elder brother William married Mary, daughter of Charles II by Lucy Walters, and by his death (13 April 1675) Patrick came to possess an estate of 2,000l. a year. On his arrival in England, Sarsfield received a commission as captain in Colonel Dongan's regiment of foot on 9 Feb. 1678 (Charles Dalton, English Army Lists, i. 209). He was ever ready to resent any insult to his country, and challenged Lord Grey in September 1681 for some disparaging remarks about Irish witnesses in connection with Shaftesbury's or College's case. Sarsfield was arrested, but escaped. In December he was second to Lord Kinsale in a duel with Lord Newburgh. The seconds fought as well as the principals, and Sarsfield was badly wounded (Todhunter, p. 8). Sarsfield was made captain in Hamilton's dragoons on 20 June 1685, and lieutenant-colonel of Dover's horse on 18 Oct. following. On 22 May 1686 he was promoted colonel (Charles Dalton, ii. 7, 13, 58, 61, 75, 118). He assisted Tyrconnel in remodelling the Irish army. Sarsfield, says Avaux, ‘served in France as ensign in Hamilton's [Ber-