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age, and was buried in the churchyard of Leamington where a tomb was erected by his daughter, Miss Satchwell, postmistress of Leamington, and afterwards the wife of Mr. Hopton, the postmaster. Satchwell's son Thomas was appointed collector to the Spa charity on 8 April 1811.

Samuel Pratt's ‘Brief Account of the Progress and Patronage of the Leamington Spa Charity,’ published at Birmingham in 1812, contains views of Satchwell's cottage and tomb, and also a portrait etched from a sketch by O. Neil, showing Satchwell—a heavy-looking man with a massive head—seated at a table reading ‘Dugdale’ and filling a long clay pipe.

[Pratt's Brief Account, &c.; William Smith's County of Warwick, pp. 128 f.; Moncrieff's New Guide to the Spa of Leamington; Gent. Mag. 1812, ii. 358.]

W. W.

SAUL, ARTHUR (d. 1585), canon of Gloucester, of Gloucestershire origin, was admitted a demy of Magdalen College, Oxford, in 1544–5. He graduated B.A. in 1546, and M.A. 1548–9. He was fellow of Magdalen probably from 1546 to 1553 (Bloxam, Registers of Magdalen, iv. 99). In October of the latter year he was expelled at Bishop Gardiner's visitation (Strype, Eccl. Mem. iii. i. 82). Under Mary he was an exile, and in 1554 was at Strasburg with Alexander Nowell [q. v.] and others (ib. p. 232; Cranmer, p. 450). Under Elizabeth Saul was installed canon of Salisbury in 1559, of Bristol in 1559, and of Gloucester in 1565 (3 June), and was successively rector of Porlock, Somerset (1562), Ubly, Somerset (1565), Deynton, Gloucestershire (1566), and Berkeley, Gloucestershire (1575). He subscribed the canons of 1562 as a member of convocation, but displayed a strong puritan leaning (Strype, Annals, i. i. 489–512). In 1565 he was appointed by Bentham, bishop of Lichfield and Coventry, to visit that diocese, and by Grindal in 1576 to visit the diocese of Gloucester (ib. ii. 188; Grindal, p. 315). Saul died in 1585.

Arthur Saul (fl. 1614), doubtless the canon's son, was described as a gentleman in April 1571, when he addressed to the Houses of Parliament a ‘Treatise showing the Advantage of the use of the Arquebus over the Bow in Warfare’ (State Papers, Dom., Eliz. xx. 25). In April 1617 he was a prisoner in Newgate, and made a deposition concerning his employment by Secretary Winwood and the archbishop of Canterbury to report what English were at Douay (ib. Jac. I, xci. 20). He was author of ‘The famous Game of Chesse play truely discovered and all doubts resolved, so that by reading this small book thou shall profit more than by the playing a thousand mates,’ London, 1614, 8vo; augmented editions in 1620, 1640, and 1672; dedicated to Lucy Russell, countess of Bedford [q. v.]

[Authorities as in text; Foster's Alumni Oxon. 1500–1714, s.v. ‘Sawle;’ Clark's Oxford Reg.; Le Neve's Fasti; Wood's Fasti Oxon. i. 128; Fuller's Church Hist. iv. 153, 200.]

W. A. S.

SAULL, WILLIAM DEVONSHIRE (1784–1855), geologist, was born in 1784, and was in business at 15 Aldersgate Street, London, which also was his residence. He accumulated there a large geological collection, together with some antiquities, most of the latter having been found in the metropolis (cf. Timbs, Curiosities of London, p. 600, 2nd edit.). He was elected F.G.S. in 1831, and F.S.A. in 1841; he was also F.R.A.S., and a member of other societies, including the Société Géologique de France. He read papers to the Geological Society in 1849, and to the Society of Antiquaries in 1841, 1842, and 1844; but they were not printed, for he was more enthusiastic than learned. His essays (a) on the coincidence of, and (b) on the connection between, ‘Astronomical and Geological Phenomena’ (published in 1836 and 1853 respectively) indicate the peculiarity of his opinions. He also republished—adding a preface—‘An Essay on the Astronomical and Physical Causes of Geological Changes,’ by Sir Richard Phillips [q. v.], attacking Newton's theories of gravitation. It was answered by Sampson Arnold Mackey in a ‘Lecture on Astronomy,’ 1832. He died on 26 April 1855.

[Obituary notice in Gent. Mag. 1855, ii. 102.]

T. G. B.

SAULT, RICHARD (d. 1702), mathematician and editor, kept in 1694 'a mathematick school' in Adam's Court, Broad Street, near the Royal Exchange, London. Dunton the publisher, learning of him and his skill in mathematics, supplied him with much literary work. When the notion of establishing the 'Athenian Gazette, resolving weekly all the most nice and curious Questions propos'd by the Ingenious,' occurred to Dunton, he sought Sault's aid as joint editor and contributor. The first number came out on 17 March 1690–1, and the second on 24 March. Before the third number Dunton and Sault had joined to them Dunton's brother-in-law, Samuel Wesley, rector of South Ormsby in Lincolnshire, afterwards of Epworth, the father of John and Charles Wesley. In the Rawlinson