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is uncertain. He returned thence to the Bermudas in 1657, and was reappointed governor of the Bermudas on 30 June 1658. He was soon afterwards charged with endeavouring to break up the older colony for the benefit of Eleutheria.

In October 1662 Sayle was removed from the governorship of the Bermudas. In 1670 he was chosen by the proprietors of Carolina in the place of Sir John Yeamans, as governor of a colony which they intended to found near the mouth of the river Pedee, and which resulted in the foundation of Charlestown, the nucleus of the colony of South Carolina. It is evident from the letters written by Sayle's associates that he was aged and infirm, and that they thought poorly of his mental powers; but he had an able assistant in Joseph West, who had brought the colonists from England. Sayle's will, extant in the Bermudas, is dated 30 Sept. 1670, and he died, old and infirm, on 4 March 1671. There is a somewhat indistinct tradition that he discovered some of the Bahama groups, before unknown, during a voyage between the Bermudas and Carolina in 1667. If so, he may, before his appointment as governor of the colony on the Pedee, have had some connection with the earlier settlement on the Albemarle river, founded by puritans from Virginia, and adopted by the proprietors of Carolina.

[Lefroy's Memorials of the Bermudas; State Papers, Colonial Ser. ed. by W. Noel Sainsbury; Winthrop's Hist. of New England, ii. 335; Winsor's Hist. of America, v. 307.]

J. A. D.


SAYWELL, WILLIAM (1643–1701), controversialist, born in 1643, was son of Gabriel Saywell (d. 1688), rector of Pentridge, Dorset. After a few months passed at Cranbourne school, he proceeded in 1659 to St. John's College, Cambridge, where he was admitted a sizar. He graduated A.B. in 1663, A.M. 1667. On 2 April 1666 he was elected a fellow of his college. In 1669 he was incorporated M.A. at Oxford. In 1679 he proceeded D.D., and on 8 March in the same year was installed a prebendary of Ely. On the 9th of the following December, on the promotion of Humphrey Gower [q. v.] to the mastership of St. John's College, he was elected his successor as master of Jesus College in the same university. On 28 Nov. 1672 he was appointed chancellor of the diocese of Chichester, and on 22 Jan. 1681 was collated to the archdeaconry of Ely. He gave to Jesus College 100l. for the adornment of the hall, and also 200l. for the purchase of advowsons. He died in London on 9 June 1701, and was buried in the chapel of his college on the 14th. Saywell appears as a contributor to the ‘Hymenæus Cantabrigiensis’ in 1683 and to the ‘Academiæ Cantabrigiensis Affectus’ in 1685, compositions which show him to have possessed some taste and skill as a writer of Latin verse; but his reputation is mainly that of a staunch theologian of what was afterwards known as the evangelical school, equally opposed to presbyterianism and to popery.

His works are: 1. ‘The Original of all Plots in Christendom: with the Danger and Remedy of Schism,’ London, 1681. 2. ‘A Serious Inquiry into the Means of an Happy Union; or, What Reformation is necessary to prevent Popery?’ London, 1681. 3. ‘Evangelical and Catholick Unity maintained in the Church of England; or, an Apology for her Government, Liturgy, Subscriptions,’ London, 1682 [written in reply to Baxter's ‘Answer to the Accusations’]. 4. ‘The Reformation of the Church of England justified, according to the Canons of the Council of Nice and other General Councils,’ Cambridge, 1688 [published without author's name]. 5. ‘The Necessity of adhering to the Church of England as by Law established; or, the Duty of a good Christian, and particularly of Parents and Masters of Families under the present Toleration,’ Cambridge, 1692.

[Baker's History of St. John's College, ed. Mayor; Admissions of St. John's College, by same editor; Hutchins's Dorset, iii. 443.]

J. B. M.


SCALBY, SCALLEBY, SCHALBY, JOHN de (d. 1333), registrar and canon of Lincoln Cathedral, was rector of Mumby, and held successively the prebends of Bedford Major, Welton, Beckhall, and Dunham, all in Lincoln diocese. He was for eighteen years registrar to Bishop Oliver de Sutton (d. 1299) [q. v.], and was a member of Bishop Dalderby's household for eight years. He took a leading part in the controversy on questions of jurisdiction between the dean and canons of Lincoln in 1312. In 1322 he was made guardian of John de Screvelby of Lincoln. A manuscript Martyrologium, in the possession of the dean and chapter of Lincoln (Muniment Room, A. 2. 3), was written under Scalby's eye, and contains rubrics in his hand. He added to it an account of the unwritten customs of the church. Passages from it are cited by Dimock and by Bradshaw. Lives by him of several bishops are printed in ‘Giraldus Cambrensis,’ vii. 193–216. He died in 1333.

[Le Neve's Fasti; Tanner's Bibliotheca; Gibbon's Lincoln Wills, p. 9; Brewer's Giraldus Cambrensis, ed. Dimock, vii. 193–216; Bradshaw and Wordsworth's Lincoln Cathedral Statutes, pp. 86 sqq.]

M. B.