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the party then called ‘Puseyites.’ He was far more suspicious of an excess than of a defect of zeal. His writings upon the established church show a purely secular view of the questions at issue. He assumes that a clergyman is simply a human being in a surplice, and the church a branch of the civil service. He had apparently few clerical intimacies, and his chief friends of the ‘Edinburgh Review’ and Holland House were anything but orthodox. Like other clergymen of similar tendencies, he was naturally regarded by his brethren as something of a traitor to their order. Nobody, however, could discharge the philanthropic duties of a parish clergyman more energetically, and his general goodness and the strength of his affections are as unmistakable as his sincerity and the masculine force of his mind.

A portrait in oils, by E. U. Eddis, belongs to Miss Holland.

An engraving from a portrait of Smith is in later editions of his ‘Works;’ and one from a miniature is in the ‘Life’ by Mr. Reid. A caricature is in the Maclise Portrait Gallery. Smith's works are: 1. Six Sermons, preached at Charlotte Chapel, Edinburgh, 1800. 2. Sermons, 1801. 3. ‘Letters on the Subject of the Catholics to my brother Abraham, who lives in the Country, by Peter Plymley,’ 1807–8; collected 1808. 4. Sermons, 1809, 2 vols. 8vo. 5. ‘Letter to the Electors on the Catholic Question,’ 1808. 6. ‘Three Letters to Archdeacon Singleton,’ 1837–8–9, collected. 7. ‘The Ballot,’ 1839. 8. ‘Works,’ 1839, 3 vols. 8vo. A fourth volume in 1840. Later editions in 3 vols., 1845, 1847, 1848. The ‘Travellers' edition’ appeared in 1850, and was reprinted in 1851 and 1854. The ‘Pocket edition,’ in 3 vols. 8vo, 1854; the ‘People's edition,’ 2 vols. cr. 8vo, in 1859; and a new edition, in 1 vol. cr. 8vo, in 1869. This collection includes the Plymley and Singleton letters, most of the ‘Edinburgh Review’ articles, the ‘Ballot’ pamphlet, notices of Mackintosh and Horner, a few sermons, speeches, and fragments. 9. ‘A Fragment on the Irish Roman Catholic Church,’ 1845 (six editions). 10. ‘Sermons at St. Paul's, the Foundling Hospital, and several churches in London,’ 1846. 11. ‘Elementary Sketches of Moral Philosophy,’ delivered at the Royal Institution in 1804, 1805, 1806 (privately printed and afterwards published in 1850); some sermons were separately printed. ‘Selections’ were published in 1855, and his ‘Wit and Wisdom’ in 1861. Smith wrote an account of English misrule in Ireland, which made ‘so fearful a picture’ that he hesitated to publish it. In 1847 Mrs. Smith showed it to Macaulay, by whose advice it was suppressed as a repetition of grievances since abolished, and likely to serve demagogues (Lady Holland, i. 189).

[The chief authority for Smith's life is A Memoir of the Reverend Sydney Smith, by his daughter, Lady Holland, with a selection from his Letters, edited by Mrs. Austin, 2 vols. 8vo, 1855 (cited from 3rd edition), contains many anecdotes collected by Smith's widow, and, after her death, prepared by his daughter. A Sketch of the Life and Times of Smith, by Stuart J. Reid, 1884 (cited from 2nd edition), adds some information. See also André Chevrillon's Sydney Smith et la renaissance des idées libérales en Angleterre, Paris, 1894; Houghton's Monographs (1873), pp. 259–93; Crabb Robinson's Diary, iii. 97, 148, 187, 197, 215, 344; Ticknor's Life and Letters, i. 265, 413, 414, 417, 418, ii. 146, 150, 214, 216; Moore's Journals, iv. 52, 53, v. 70, 75, 80, vi., xii. 263, 264, 315, vii. 13, 15, 150, 173; Constable and his Literary Correspondents, iii. 131, 132, &c.; Brougham's Life and Times, i. 246–54; Greville Memoirs (first series), iii. 39, 44, 166, 317, 394 (second series), ii. 273–4; Horner's Memoirs, i. 151, 293, 299; Princess Liechtenstein's Holland House, i. 99, 159, 162, ii. 131; Barham's Life and Letters (1870), ii. 167–8.]

L. S.


SMITH, THEYRE TOWNSEND (1798–1852), divine, son of Richard Smith of Middlesex, was born in 1798, and was brother of William Henry Smith [q. v.] He was originally a presbyterian, and studied at Glasgow University, but being convinced by reading Hooker that episcopacy was the scriptural form of church government, he resolved to enter the English church. He accordingly matriculated from Queens' College, Cambridge, on 4 Jan. 1823, graduating B.A. in 1827, and M.A. in 1830. After serving a curacy in Huntingdonshire and another in Essex, he was appointed assistant preacher at the Temple in 1835. In 1839 and 1840 he filled the post of Hulsean lecturer at Cambridge, and in 1845 he was presented to the living of Newhaven in Sussex. In March 1848, when Louis-Philippe took refuge in England after his deposition, Theyre Townsend received him on his landing at Newhaven. In the same year Thomas Turton [q. v.], bishop of Ely, who had expressed great admiration of his lectures, collated him to the vicarage of Wymondham in Norfolk. In 1850 he was appointed honorary canon of Norwich. He died on 4 May 1852 at Wymondham.

He married Rebecca, second daughter of Thomas Williams of Coate in Oxfordshire. Smith was the author of: 1. ‘Sermons preached at the Temple Church and before the University of Cambridge,’ London, 1838, 8vo. 2. ‘Hulsean Lectures for the Year