Open main menu

Page:Dictionary of National Biography volume 53.djvu/188

This page has been proofread, but needs to be validated.


The best extant portrait of Smollett is a half-length painted by Verelst in 1756, which belonged to Mrs. Smollett, and is now in possession of the family at Cameron House. This portrait was formerly in the possession of Lord Woodhouselee, and depicts the novelist in ‘full dress; a stone-coloured, full-mounted coat, with hanging sleeves; a green satin waistcoat, trimmed with gold lace; a tye-wig; long ruffles and sword agreeably to the costume of the London physician of the time—size 4 ft. 4 in. high by 3 ft. 4 in. wide’ (Cat. ap. Irving's Dumbartonshire). The best engraving is that by Freeman (1831). A portrait by Reynolds was engraved by Ravenet and by Ridley in 1777, from an original then in the possession of D. Smith, which cannot now be traced. An anonymous Italian portrait in oils, painted at Pisa about 1770 (and formerly in the possession of the novelist), belongs to the Rev. R. L. Douglas of Oxford. Chambers also mentions a rumour that Smollett was painted by Fuseli. As the editor of the ‘Briton,’ Smollett during the spring of 1763 was the object of several caricatures, in which he is represented as the creature of Bute and persecutor of the patriot Wilkes (cf. Wright, Caricature History, pp. 270 seq.), and came in generally for much of the obloquy levelled against the Scots (see Stephen's Cat. of Satirical Prints, Nos. 3825, 3876 seq.).

The following is a list of Smollett's chief works: 1. ‘Advice: a Satire [in verse],’ London, 1746, fol. 2. ‘Reproof: a Satire [in verse],’ London, 1747, fol. These two satires were reprinted as ‘Advice and Reproof,’ London, 1748, 4to; Glasgow, 1826, 12mo. 3. ‘The Adventures of Roderick Random,’ 2 vols. London, 1748, 12mo; 3rd edit. 1750; 8th edit. 1770; 12th edit. 1784, with a life [1793], 12mo; 1831, in Roscoe's ‘Novelist's Library’ (ii.), with illustrations by Cruikshank; Leipzig, 1845 (Tauchnitz); 1857 (with memoir by G. H. Townsend); 1836, and frequently reprinted in the sixpenny ‘Railway Library.’ ‘Roderick Random de l'Anglais de M. Fielding’ appeared in 1761, Paris, 12mo, and also at Amsterdam (1762), Lausanne (1782), Reims and Geneva (1782). 4. ‘The Adventures of Peregrine Pickle,’ in which is included ‘Memoirs of a Lady of Quality,’ 4 vols. London, 1751, 12mo; 2nd edit. 1751; 5th edit. 1773; 7th edit. 1784; Edinburgh, 4 vols. 8vo, 1805, with plates by Rowlandson; 1831, in Roscoe's ‘Novelist's Library’ (iii.), with Cruikshank's plates, London, 1857, 8vo, illustrated by ‘Phiz;’ London, 2 vols. 1882 (‘Sixpenny Novels’); ‘Aventures de Sir William Pickle,’ Amsterdam, 1753; a German version was issued in 1785. 5. ‘The Adventures of Ferdinand Count Fathom,’ 2 vols. London, 1753, 12mo; 2nd edit. 1771, 1780; London, 2 vols. 8vo, 1782 [1795], 12mo. A French translation by T. P. Bertin appeared at Paris, ‘an vi’ [1798], 12mo. 6. ‘A Compendium of Authentic and Entertaining Voyages, digested in a Chronological Series,’ 7 vols. London, 1756, 12mo; 2nd edit. London, 1766, 12mo. 7. ‘A Compleat History of England, deduced from the Descent of Julius Cæsar to the Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle, 1748,’ 4 vols. London, 1757–8, 4to; 2nd edit. 11 vols. London, 1758–1760, 8vo; French version by Targe, Orleans, 1759. 8. ‘Continuation of the Complete History of England,’ 5 vols. London, 1763–5, 8vo. This was modified, and re-entitled ‘The History of England from the Revolution to the Death of George II (designed as a continuation of Mr. Hume's History),’ in which form it went through numerous editions, and was in turn continued by Thomas Smart Hughes [q. v.]; a French version is dated Paris, 1819–22. Smollett's ‘Continuation’ was also appended to a bookseller's issue of Rapin and Tindal (1785–9). 9. ‘The Adventures of Sir Launcelot Greaves, by the Author of “Roderick Random,”’ 2 vols. London, 1762, 12mo; 5th edit. 2 vols. London, 1782, 8vo; 1810, 24mo; 1832, in Roscoe's ‘Novelist's Library’ (x.), with Cruikshank's plates; French translation, Paris, 1824. 10. ‘The Present State of all Nations, containing a Geographical, Natural, Commercial, and Political History of all the Countries in the known World,’ 8 vols. London, 1764, 8vo; another edition, 8 vols. London, 1768–9. 11. ‘Travels through France and Italy, 2 vols. London, 1766, 8vo (the British Museum copy contains MS. notes by the author); 2nd edit. 2 vols. Dublin, 1772, 12mo; 2 vols. London, 1778, 12mo; ed. by Thomas Seccombe, 1907. 12. ‘The History and Adventures of an Atom,’ by Nathaniel Peacock [i.e. T. S.], 2 vols. London, 1749 [1769], 12mo; 10th edit. 2 vols. London, 1778; Edinburgh, 1784, 12mo; London, 1786, 8vo. 13. ‘The Expedition of Humphrey Clinker, by the Author of “Roderick Random,”’ 3 vols. London, 1671 [1771], 12mo (the second and third volumes are correctly dated); 1772, 8vo; 2 vols. Dublin, 1774; Edinburgh, 1788, 8vo; 3 vols. London, 1792, 8vo; 2 vols. [1794], 12mo; 2 vols. London, 1805, 8vo, with ten plates after Rowlandson; 1808, 12mo; 2 vols. 1810, 12mo; London, 1815, 24mo; 1831, 12mo, in Roscoe's ‘Novelist's Library’ (i.), with Cruikshank's plates; Leipzig, 1846, 16mo (Tauchnitz); London, 1857, 8vo, with illustrations by ‘Phiz;’ London, 1882, 8vo; French translation, Paris, 1826, 12mo. 14. (Posthumous)