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of conception and design which is not apparent in his earlier work. His next contributions to the Royal Academy were ‘A Contrast’ in 1855, ‘The Bride’ and ‘Doubtful Fortune’ in 1856, and ‘Waiting for the Verdict’ in 1857. The last picture greatly increased his popularity; but its companion, ‘Not Guilty,’ exhibited in 1859, was less successful. Both are now the property of C. J. Lucas, esq., and were engraved by W. H. Simmons. ‘The Flight,’ ‘Mlle. Blaiz,’ and ‘The Lion in Love’ (also engraved by Simmons) were exhibited at the academy in 1858; ‘Ici on rase, Brittany,’ and ‘The Fox and the Grapes’ in 1859; ‘Drowned! Drowned!’ in 1860; ‘Consolation’ and ‘Le Malade Imaginaire’ in 1861; and ‘The Lost Found’ in 1862. ‘Art Critics in Brittany’ appeared at the British Institution in 1861. His last work, ‘Departure of the Diligence at Biarritz,’ is now at the Royal Holloway College, Egham.

Solomon died at Biarritz, of heart disease, on 19 Dec. 1862. He married, on 10 May 1860, Ella, sister of Dr. Ernest Hart; she survived her husband.

[Art Journal, 1862 pp. 73–5, 1863 p. 29; Redgrave's Dictionary of Artists of the English School, 1878; Royal Academy Exhibition Catalogues, 1841–62; British Institution Exhibition Catalogues (Living Artists), 1851–61; Exhibition Catalogues of the Society of British Artists, 1840–3.]

R. E. G.


SOLUS, Saint (d. 790?), monk, was an Englishman, who went to Germany with St. Boniface, by whom he was ordained priest. He became a monk, and established himself in a cell at Solnhofen in Suabia. His reputation for sanctity brought him under the notice of Charles the Great, who made him a grant of the land where he had made his hermitage, and Solus then bestowed it as a cell on the abbey of Fulda. He died about 790. His feast was celebrated on 3 Dec.

[A life of Solus was written in the ninth century by Ermenric, abbot of Elwangen, who professed to have derived his information from an old servant of the saint. This life is printed in D'Achery and Mabillon's Acta Sanctorum Ordinis S. Benedicti, III, ii. 389–98, ed. Venice, 1734; cf. Dict. Christ. Biogr. iv. 7111.]

C. L. K.


SOME, ROBERT (1542–1609), Master of Peterhouse, born at Lynn Regis in 1542, matriculated as a pensioner from St. John's College, Cambridge, in May 1559, became scholar on 27 July 1559, graduated B.A. in 1561-2, and proceeded M.A. in 1565. B.D.in 1572, and D.D. in 1580. He was elected fellow of Queens' in 1562, was bursar in 1567, 1568, and 1569, and vice-president in 1572. When Queen Elizabeth visited Cambridge in 1564 he was one of the two B.A.s selected to compose Latin verses in her honour; he also welcomed her with a Latin speech at Queens'. In 1570 he preached in St. Mary's Church against pluralities and non-residence, and on 18 April 1573 became rector of Girton, near Cambridge. In 1583 he describes himself as chaplain to the Earl of Leicester, On 11 May 1589 he was made master of Peterhouse on the recommendation of Whitgift. He was vice-chancellor in 1590, 1591, 1599, and 1608. He died while in office, on 14 Jan. 1608-9, and was buried at Little St. Mary's Church, with great ceremony, on 10 Feb.

Some played a prominent part in the ecclesiastical controversies of his time, taking a middle course, hostile alike to extreme puritans and Anglicans. In the early days of his mastership he joined the party opposed to Peter Baro [q. v.] and his friends, and offended Whitgift by interfering while the proceedings against William Barret (fl. 1595) [q. v.] were in progress. After Whitgift had reproved him, he preached a sermon which many thought to have been directed against Whitgift and the court of high commission. For this he was convened before the heads of colleges in July 1595, but in the end the difficulty was smoothed over. Writing on 8 Dec. 1595 to Dr. Neville, Whitgift speaks of the 'foolery' of Dr. Some. In July 1599 he look part in a disputation as to Christ's descent into hell, and opposed John Overall [q. v.], the regius professor of divinity, on this and other matters. He also interposed in the Mar-Prelate controversy with 'A Godly Treatise containing and deciding certaine questions moved of late in London and other places, touching the Ministerie, Sacraments, and Church, London, 1588, 4to (British Museum); there was a second edition the same year. It was answered by John Penry [q. v.] in 'M. Some laid open in his coulere: wherein the indifferent Reader may easily see howe wretchedly and loosely he hath handled the cause against M. Penri.' Some rejoined with ' A Defence of such Points in R. Some's last Treatise as Mr. Penry hath dealt against,' London, 1588, 4to.

Some's other works of importance were: 1. 'A Godly and Shorte Treatise of the Sacraments,' London, 1582. 8vo. 2. 'Two Treatises, one of the Church, the other against Oppression,' London, 1583, 16mo; the last was also published with Pilkington's 'Exposition on Nehemiah,' Cambridge, 1585, 4to, and was reissued in the Parker Society's edition of Pilkington’s 'Works,'