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Page:Early Christianity in Arabia.djvu/128

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116
EARLY CHRISTIANITY

having joined in the clamours against Eusebius, and in the reproaches that were uttered — "We did not say it," answered the Orientals, "the Egyptians said it; Dioscorus said it." The bishops of Egypt stepped forward boldly and exclaimed aloud, "We said this then, and we say it now." Dioscorus was deposed and banished, and ended his life at Gangra in Paphlagonia.[1]

The decrees of the council of Chalcedon were but the introduction to greater disorders. The monks of Egypt, as well as those of Syria and Arabia, were noted for their great piety, and for the excess and obstinacy of their zeal.[2] Their long and painful noviciate in the solitary deserts, inured them in the

    τα ξιφη εφοβηθημεν. οπου ξιφη και βακλα, ποια συνοδος; στρατιωτας δια τουτου ελαβε Διοσκορος. τον φονεα εξω βαλε. Φλαυιανον στρατιωται καθειλον.

  1. See the Concilia, and authorities cited before. Dioscorus was stigmatised by the name of Pharaoh — ταυτα του Φαραω εισιν. Among the bishops of Arabia and Syria who were at Chalcedon occur the names of Juvenal of Jerusalem and Constantine of Bostra, which was the ecclesiastical metropolis of Arabia, as well as the bishops of Damascus, Hierapolis, Edessa, Amida, Melitena, Berrhæa, Gabala, Paltus, Seleucobelus, Adrana, Philadelphia, Philippopolis, Orthosias, Heliopolis Libani, Emessa, Carræ, Saracenorum gentis, Chrysopolis Arabiæ, &c.
  2. Etiam e sacris historiis lingua Copta scriptis, apparet, innocentissimæ vitæ homines fuisse Coptitas, usque adeo ferventes Christianæ vitæ cultores, ut nullis unquam suppliciorum generibus a suscepta semel fide vitaque abduci potuerint. Kircher, prodrom. in Ling. Copt.