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15
IN ARABIA.

of the Arabian kings who undertook warlike expeditions, and enriched his country with the spoils of his enemies, and is said to have received the name of Saba from the numerous captives which he brought into Yaman.[1] Amongst his sons were Hamyar, Amru, Cahlân, and Ashaar.[2]

Hamyar was the first of the descendants of Kâhtan, who, by his own and his father's wars, reigned over the whole of Yaman.[3] He drove the remains of the tribe of Thamoud out of Yaman into Hedjaz,[4] and was one of the bravest, most skilful, and handsomest men of his time. He is said to have received the name of Hamyar, which signifies red, from the colour of the garments which he constantly wore, and to have been the first king of Arabia who had a crown of gold.[5]

Hamyar was succeeded by Wathil, Al Secsac, and Yâfar, during whose reigns the kingdom seems to have lost much of its power, being divided between two sovereigns, one of whom reigned in Hamyar, the other in Hadramaut.[6] After Yâfar reigned the usurper Dzu Ryash, or Amir, who was deposed by Noman Al Moâphir, the son of Yâfar. Asmach,

  1. Abulfed. ib. Nuweir, p. 48.
  2. Abulfed. p. 4.
  3. Hamza, p. 22.
  4. Abulfed. ib.
  5. Nuweir, p. 50. Al Jannabi and Ahmed Ebn Yusef. ap. Pococke.
  6. Abulfed. p. 6. Hamza, p. 22. According to others Hamyar was succeeded by his brother Cahlân, and he by Abu Malech, the grandson of Saba. Nuweir, p. 50.