dance that dance," meaning that he does not belong to the guild which preserves that particular "sacred chapter."
Casalis noticed the similarity between South African and Red Indian opinion about kinship with vegetables and beasts. The difficulty in treating the Red Indian belief is chiefly found in the abundance of the evidence. Perhaps the first person who ever used the word "totemism," or, as he spells it, "totamism," was (as we said) Mr. Long, an interpreter among the Chippeways, who published his Voyages in 1791. Long was not wholly ignorant of the languages, as it was his business to speak them, and he was an adopted Indian. The ceremony of adoption was painful, beginning with a feast of dogs flesh, followed by a Turkish bath and a prolonged process of tattooing. According to Long, "The totam, they conceive, assumes the form of some beast or other, and therefore they never kill, hurt, or eat the animal whose form they think this totam bears." One man was filled with religious apprehensions, and gave himself up to the gloomy belief of Bunyan and Cowper, that he had committed the unpardonable sin, because he dreamed he had killed his totem, a bear. This is only one example, like the refusal of the Osages to kill the beavers, with which they count cousins, that the Red Man's belief is an actual creed, and does influence his conduct.
As in Australia, the belief in common kin with
- Orpen, Cape Monthly Magazine, 1872.
- Long, pp. 46–49.
- Ibid., p. 86.
- Ibid., p. 87.
- Schoolcraft, i. 319.