11 S. XL MAR. 27, 1915.] NOTES AND QUERIES.
1797," which was published by his grandson in 1864. He died in 1801, having married twice, and leaving a family of thirteen children. His son Thomas Wright, the antiquary's father, was apprenticed to a firm of booksellers and printers at Bradford, but finally obtained employment with a firm <carrying on the same business at Ludlow. He compiled ' The History and Antiquities of Ludlow ' (2nd ed., 1826). He was always in poor circumstances, and died of cholera at Birmingham. A. R. BAYLEY.
CROMWELL'S IRONSIDES (US. xi. 181). In support of Gardiner's meaning of the term " Ironside " applied to the troops of Cromwell, I find on examination that Charles Firth in his ' Oliver Cromwell,' 'Theodore Roosevelt in his ' Oliver Crom- well,' and John Morley all agree with Gardiner. I quote Morley :
"It was the first time that these two great leaders of horse [Rupert and Cromwell] had ever met in direct shock, and it was here that Rupert gave to Oliver the brave nickname of Ironside."
Also let me quote Firth :
"...the title Ironsides, derived, according to a contemporary biographer, 'from the impenetrable strength of his troops, which by no means be broken or divided.' "
' The Standard Dictionary ' gives, under
- Ironside,' the following :
" Ironsides, something with an iron side or sides ; lience, one who or that which is strong, sturdy, energetic, or terrible, especially in war ; as Edmund Ironside or Ironsides ; Cromwell s Ironsides (origin- ally his own regiment; later his whole army): 'Cromwell's Ironsides were the embodiment of this insight of his ; men fearing God ; and without any i'ear.'-Carlyle, 'Heroes,' Lect. VI. p. 198."
Leopold Wagner, in his interesting work
- Names, and their Meaning,' gives the
"The soldiers of Cromwell, after the battle of Marston Moor, received the popular name of Iron- sides on account of their armour and their iron resolution,"
- an equal balance of meaning.
FRED. E. BOLT.
Penge Public Library.
Is MR. WILLIAMS unaware of the existence of the ' Oxford English Dictionary ' ?
[Further replies held over.]
- " ELIZABETH COBBOLD : HER DESCENT FROM
EDMUND WALLER (11 S. xi. 109, 173). I am much obliged to your correspondent F. P. for his suggestion. I find, however, on application to Messrs. Smith & Elder, that Miss Jennett Humphreys, the writer of the article, ceased to contribute to the 'Dic-
tionary of National Biography ' in 1887, and that they are unable to put me into communication with her. A full pedigree of the Waller family of Ramsholt, in Suffolk, was published in ' The Visitation of England and Wales,' edited by F. A. Crisp. This shows the marriage of the Rev. Richard Cobbold (Elizabeth Cobbold's gifted son) with Mary Ann Waller, only daughter and heiress of Jephtha Waller of Hollesley ; but it contains no information on the point at issue, neither can anything further be learnt from Davys's Suffolk pedigrees (Add. MS. 19,154).
There are, however, other pedigrees of Wallers in the British Museum in which many daughters are merely named, and others disposed of as " daughters " ; and if the Christian name of the Miss Waller who married Robert Knipe, and the locality of her marriage, were ascertained, it might still be possible to identify her.
ERNEST H. H. SHORTING.
LOCKS ON RIVERS AND CANALS (US. xi. 147, 194). In Leonardo da Vinci's MS. ' Codice Atlantico ' there are several sketches, one of which shows a canalized river with a large lock, the others lockgates and other details of construction. I cannot recall to my mind any English publication showing reproductions of these sketches, but they can be found in vol. xlii. of a German periodical, Der Civilingenietir, p. 454, and plate xiv. L. L. K.
DRYDEN AND SWIFT (11 S. xi. 191). In Burke's 'Landed Gentry' (1886) Swift's grandmother is stated to have been Eliza- beth, daughter of John Dryden, and sister of Sir Erasmus Dryden, 1st Baronet of Canons Ashby, co. Northants. Malone, in his ' Life of Dryden,' conjectures that Elizabeth Dryden was a daughter of one of the five brothers of Sir Erasmus Dryden. Probably the latter suggestion is correct ; and, indeed, Nicholas Dryden (one of those brothers) of Greens Norton, co. Northants, who married Mary, daughter of John Emely of Helmdon by his wife Joyce, had a daughter Elizabeth (baptized at Helmdon in 1599), and three sons, named respectively Jonathan, John, and Godwin, all of which names were perpetuated in the Swift family. Failing evidence of the actual marriage (which may be obtainable from the Registers of Helmdon), the presumption is very- strong that Elizabeth Swift was the daughter of the above-mentioned Nicholas Dryden, who died in 1609 (see Inquisition Post