NOTES AND QUERIES. [ii s. XL APRIL 17, wis.
and "1) One" have apparently been in- serted by hand, although the remaining part of the " note " is engraved.
Can any explanation of the " note " be given ? Was there ever in existence a " Kings Bench and Fleet Bank in England " which issued notes of the value of one penny, or is the note merely a plaisanterie ?
R. VAUGHAN GOWEB.
ALEXANDER WHITCHURCH. Can any reader say where is the original portrait of Mr. Alexander Whitchurch, attorney, who was Clerk of the Brewers' Company from 1757 to 1782 ? He was elected Clerk on 8 July, 1757 ; and his death was reported (so the present Clerk courteously informs me) to the Court on 12 April, 1782. There is a good mezzotint engraving of the portrait ; the engraver is not known to me.
W. H. QUABBELL.
JOHN ADAMS, MUTINEER or H.M.S. BOUNTY. His real name is said to have been Alexander Smith (' Harmsworth's Ency- clopaedia '). Is it known who his parents were also date and place of birth ? Further genealogical information of this family would be appreciated. F. K. P.
GENERAL BIBLIOGRAPHY RELATING TO GRETNA GREEN.
(11 S. xi. 231.)
I HOPE that the following bibliographical information relating to both the printed books and the registers of Gretna Green will be of use to your correspondent.
The book " by Claverhouse " to which he alludes is by Miss Fowle Smith. It was noticed in The Scottish Historical Review. vol. iii. pp. 125 and 242.
The novels of which the interest centres on Gretna Green are George Bartram's ' Lads of the Fancy ' (Duckworth), 1906 ; Herbert Comp ton's ' The Inimitable Mrs. Massingham ' (Chatto), 1900 ; Frank Barrett's 'Perfidious Lydia' (Chatto), 1903; Evelyn St. Leger's ' Diaries of Three Women of the Last Century ' (Arrowsmith), 1907 ; Daniel Scott's ' An Abduction, and a Gretna Green Wedding/ 1898, reprinted from The Penrith Observer ; and ' Gretna Green, or the Elopement of Miss D - with a Gallant Son of Mars. Founded on Recent Facts.' London, 1823.
The principal printed historical record of Gretna Green is by Robert Elliott, who for many years was a Gretna Green parson. This book is entitled :
" The Gretna Green Memoirs, by Robert Elliott, with au Introduction by the Rev. Caleb Brown. London : Published by the Gretna Green Parson, of whom only it can 'be obtained at 16, Leicester Square, price 2/6, or forwarded by post office order for 3/8. 1842."
The book has a portrait of Elliott. Two years later Peter Orlando Hutchinson issued ' Chronicles of Gretna Green,' 2 vols., 1844. This is a book of no value, and has very little in it relating to the subject it professes to deal with.
The two following publications are of importance : * Report of the Trial of Edward Gibbon Wakefield for carrying off Miss Turner,' Kendal, 1827 : and ' The Trial of Ed- ward Gibbon Wakefield, W. Wakefield, and F. Wakefield, with one Thevenot, a servant, for a Conspiracy and for the Abduction of Miss E. Turner/ London, 1827. The chief personage in this famous trial, which took place at Lancaster, 23 March, 1827, after a long imprisonment went out to the Colonies, arid became a distinguished man. Miss Ellen Turner was a school- girl at Miss Daulby's school near Liver- pool. She was the daughter of William Turner of Shrigley, Cheshire, a wealthy manufacturer. A special Act of Parliament was passed annulling the marriage. Ellen Turner remarried in 1829 a Mr. Legh, a member of a well-known Cheshire family. She died in childbirth in 1831. Dr. Richard Garnett's ; Memoir of Edward Gibbon Wakefield,' 1898, contains (chap, ii.) this the most thrilling of stories connected with Gretna Green history.
There are also W. Andrews's ' Bygone Church Life in Scotland,' London, 1899, pp. 227-36 ; Sir Herbert Maxwell's ' Dum- fries and Galloway' ("County Histories of Scotland "), pp. * 350-52 ; John Timbs's ' English Eccentrics and Eccentricities,' London, 1866, vol. i. pp. 65-71 ; William Morrison's ' Border Sketches ' ; and Pen- nant's ' Tour in Scotland,' vol. ii. pp. 94-5. Dibdin's ' Northern Tour ' contains some mildly amusing paragraphs. Reference should also be made to Sir Herbert Max- well's memoir of George Villiers, fifth Earl of Jersey, to be found in the ' D.N.B.' George Villiers married at Gretna Green, 23 May, 1804, Sarah Sophia, eldest daughter of John Fane, tenth Earl of Westmorland, who himself had run off with a lady and married her at Gretna Green in May, 1782.