us. XL MAY s, 1915.] N0TES AND QUERIES.
noted as incurred in riding " against " the King- Of such events the few recorded are in connexion with Henry VII. and his sons. "The first cere- monial occasion is the escorting of the King and Queen from Greenwich to the Tower by water ; next the Craft is at its post when Prince Arthur passes on the day he became Prince of Wales, and again eleven years later it occupies its four-and- twenty yards of rails in Cheap at the coming of the 'Princess of Spain,' the Prince's bride." On this, as on other occasions, the Carpenters formed line with otner trades to add honour to a ceremony of State; but from the accounts "we learn how it was necessary to till in the holes in the road where the rails were set." The following year " the due number of torches and bearers are furnished for the solemn burying of Elizabeth of York, and after six more years of her royal husband." The last evidence in the book linking the Craft with scenes of historical interest concerns the Coronation of Henry VIII., when the Company furnished and manned fourteen yards of rails.
Mr. Marsh claims for these accounts an interest apart from the Carpenters and their history, as " they are in many directions a large-scale map of fifteenth-century wares and prices. They are from this point of view particularly ' strong ' in all that pertains to building and construction at a time when the majority of houses were built on wooden frames, the work of carpenters." The contents include Ordinances of the Mystery of Carpenters, 1486-7; abstract of title to estates of the Car- penters' Company ; and Lists of the Masters and Wardens, 1456-1519.
There is an index of names, and also a general index, the former including such uncommon names as Awntass, Bankkeres, Bentybowe, Clenchwarton, Dyllykke, Millpecker, Oven, Rypyngyll, and Whet- ingsted.
The volume is a handsome folio, on thick hand- made paper, and has been produced at the Oxford University Press. Only 250 copies have been printed.
ITS present number marks the jubilee of The Fortnightly Review an attainment upon which, in common with all members of the world of journalism, we offer the editor and the pub- lishers our sincere congratulations. On second thoughts, however, we are inclined to suspect we have dispatched these to the wrong address : they should rather have been directed to the readers and thinkers political, philosophical, scientific, artistic, and what not first of the United Kingdom, and secondly among the friends of England all over the civilized world. It will be remembered that The Fortnightly is the doyenne of our great monthly reviews : the next in age, The Contemporary, will celebrate its jubilee next year pace the Zeppelins and other German contrivances. Mr. B. W. Matz contri- butes a lively history of the Review, ringing the changes on a fine roll of names.
Mr. John Galsworthy's ' Diagnosis of the Englishman,' reprinted from the Amsterdamer Revue, is the telling description of an object seen, so to speak, under the glare of a searchlight rather than in ordinary daylight. Mr. Rabindranath Tagore has here an even unusually lovely poem, ' Summer Pioneers.' Canon Vaughan contributes the one literary study of the number, ' A Peasant Poet's Love of Nature ' the poet being John
Clare. His history and his own disposition and outlook all simple, and profoundly tragic seem; to us more significant than his work. Lovers of words, and of instances of minute observation,, would be rewarded for attention to Clare. Mr. Isidore de Lara writes on ' English Music and German Masters ' vigorously as touching the- desirability of giving up our too eager practice of German music, somewhat vaguely as to English capacity to evolve a native music in its place. Mr. Bailey's ' Where Russia borders Austria ' is an animated and highly interesting sketch ; and Mr. Sidney Whitman's ' The Praetorian Spirit ' combines with its pungent criticism of the Prussia of to-day certain to meet with eager readers several original notes on details of historical! interest.
THE new Nineteenth Century offers us a greater variety than any recent number of a review that we have seen. Prof. Dicey has a thoroughgoing study of Wordsworth's political' opinions and their influence. He seems to us to go rather too far in calling Wordsworth a " states- man " tout court ; none the less it is a good thing to have this side of Wordsworth's activity brought to mind, for we are at one with the writer in thinking both that it is in general too slightly regarded, and that in sanity, breadth, and depth of insight it surpassed most of the political' thinking of the day. ' The Library of the University of Louvain ' will doubtless find a permanent place in more than one collection of documents. It is a clear and instructive account of the treasures the world has lost, composed with admirable restraint by M. Paul Delannoy, Pro- fessor and Librarian of the University. The Abbe" Ernest Dimnet's article on ' France and the Vatican ' may usefully be read alongside the article on the Vatican in the current Fortnightly from the pen of Mr. Richard Bagot. Bishop Frodsham,.. discussing ' What is Wrong with German Chris- tianity ? ' believes that Germany is reverting rather to the spirit of Judaism than to that of paganism. Mr. Shelton, in ' Logic and Science,' gives his answer to the article by Dr. Mercier impugning an article of Mr. Shelton's in The Quarterly Review of last July which appeared in The Nineteenth Century in February. " Rowland" Grey " is pleasant to come upon after these and other papers of even severer actuality : she treats- of ' Some French and German Soldiers of Fiction ' reviving many an old friend, and introducing here and there an unfamiliar figure, with a lively touch. To '"The Watcher" and his Feathered Friends,' by Constance E. Maud a sketch i of bird-life drawn with delightful discernment and skill must, however, be given the palm fcr " refreshingness." The stories, which are as much alive as any human stories, are derived from the observations of Mr. Edward Hart of Christchurch. We must not omit to mention Mr. Masterman's tribute to the memory of the late W. G. C. Gladstone a character - sketch, manifesting at once sympathy and discernment.
THERE are three articles in the May Comhill which are of more than temporary interest. Two are connected with the war. The first of these is Mr. H. Warner Allen's ' In French Lorraine ' the account of an officially sanctioned tour along that part of the front. Few of the descriptions of the French conduct of the war come up to this-