NOTES AND QUERIES. [ii s. xi. MAY is, 1915.
("Boy") was killed. Vicars must have heard of the nickname " Ironsides," and, if it had been laudatory, would certainly have commented upon it. I believe that the first allusion to it after Cromwell's death is in the anonymous ' The Perfect Politician/ published in February, 1660, and copied by Heath (already quoted).
Two more instances of Gardiner mis- representing the facts about Prince Bupert will serve to compare with the present case. J. B. WILLIAMS.
(To be continued.)
GREEK PROVERB (11 S. xi. 301). The wording " the Greek proverb condemns a man of two tongues " suggests, at first, chap. v. 14 of ' The Wisdom of Jesus the Son of Sirach,'
"Be not called a whisperer, and lie not in wait with thy tongue : for a foul shame is upon the thief, and an evil condemnation upon the double tongue " (Kal KaTdyvua-is irov-r^pa twi diy\w<r(rv : " upon him that hath a double tongue," R.V.).
But a translation from the Hebrew could not, in strictness, be called a Greek proverb. In St. Barnabas's Epistle, c. 19, p. 58 in Hilgen- f eld's edition, 1866, the vice of the double- tongued is called the snare of death : Trayts yap Oavdrov ccrrlv ?} StyAcocrcria. Diogenes Laertius, I. ii. 61, ascribes to Solon a metrical precept in which we are warned to be on our guard against a tongue of double speech :
IIe<vAay/xvos avSpa ocacrrov, Spa.
. .01 CK /xeAavrjs </>/xi/os
In Zenobius's collection of proverbs, iii. 23, we have
Mto-w TOV av8pa TOV SitrXovv TT^VKOTO., XpTtjo-rbv Aoyota-i, TroXefjiiov Se rots T/DOTTOI?.
Though SurXovs here is "double-dealing" rather than " double-tongued," Erasmus, when quoting the proverb in his ' Adagia,' explains SiTrAous avo>as as Duplices viros
qui essent lubrica et insincera fide,
quos nunc vulgo etiam bilingues appellant." The double-dealer is denounced in a famous passage of Homer, 'Iliad ' ix 312 where Achilles declares,
Who dares think one thing, and another tell, My heart detests him as the gates of hell.
BOLLARD'S LANE, FINCHLEY (11 S. xi. 210), This name is frequently found in mediaeval records of Finchley, and the following references are taken almost at random from our notes. It looks as though a local family gave their name to the thorough- fare at an early date.
Gilbert Prat of Moleseye was charged by Henry Ballard of Fyn- gesle with the theft of corn, &c., at Fyngesle, co. Middle- sex (Gaol Delivery Boll 43, 17 Ed- ward II., 1323). Ballardesredyngesgate is mentioned in Finchley Manor Court Roll, A.D. 1435 (P.R.O. Court Roll 188/71). In a deed dated 24 July, 1498, we find land described as lying between " the land called Ballardeslane eastward and the king's street called Netherstreet westward." In another deed of 1504 land is described as lying between Fyncheley Woodde and the land of the Bishop of London called Ballardesryd- dyng, the land of Lord Hastynges, the land of John Somerton called Amyottes, and a certain lane called Ballardes lane (D& Banco Roll 970, m. 2 recto).
W. McB. & F. MAROHAM.
GENERAL BIBLIOGRAPHY RELATING TO GRETNA GREEN (11 S. xi. 231, 302, 322). Since the first part of my reply appeared I have secured a copy of * A Guide to Gretna Green : the Romance of Runaway Wed- dings and Tales of the Blacksmith,' by James Forbes (published by Nicholson & Gartner, Loehinvar House, Carlisle). The title - page bears no date, but the Preface has on it, "Gretna, April, 1908." This is a most creditable publication. I may mention that James Forbes is the pseudonym of Mr, Richard Macdouga], of the Town Clerk's Office, Annan. The following paragraphs from the end of the Preface are worth reprinting because they crystallize some very useful information for those who wish to know the various landmarks of Gretna :
1. "Gretna Green. Here Joseph Paisley, the first priest of any consequence, began business, between 1750 and 1760. The site of his cottage i supposed to have been somewhere near the public stables.
2. " Turning to the right at the church, Gretna Hall mansion house will be seen standing in its- own grounds. It was for a period an inn and posting establishment, and marriages were per- formed there from 1825 to 1856.
3. "Proceeding farther to the bend of the road, the blacksmith's shop at Headlesscross comes next in order. Here marriages were, and still are, carried on. A curio shop has now been opened in the building.
4. " Turning again to the right, Springfield village lies a short distance away. This road is the old highway by which lovers used to come to Gretna-