ii s. xi. JUNE 19, i9i5.] NOTES AND QUERIES.
ONIONS AND DEAFNESS (11 S. xi. 68, 117). The chemical substance allyl is contained both in onion and mustard. From mustard oil are now made non -irritating preparations used for deafness and noises in the ear. The hybrid word "fibrolysin" describes their supposed action. That of onion is probably an aesthetic to the drum in the first place, while the exclusion of light, by black wool or anything else, is known to be of value in affections of the skin, not quite so sensi- tive a structure. However that may be, the rejuvenescence of remedies is most interesting. J. K.
c JUST TWENTY YEARS AGO ' (11 S. xi. 230). The song ' Twenty Years Ago ' was written by G. J. Chester, music by A. Scott Gatty. J. K.
AUTHOBS OF QUOTATIONS WANTED (US. xi. 430). I cannot answer the query of the EDITOR ' IRISH BOOK LOVER,' but I would point out that the lines he quotes
In earth they laid her then, For hungry Worms a Prey ;
So shall the fairest face alive At length be brought to clay,
were probably known to David Mallet, the author of the ballad ' William and Margaret.' Here we have
So shall the fairest face appear (a line quoted by Charles Lamb in ' New Year's Eve ' ), and again
The hungry worm my sister is.
G. C. MOORE SMITH.
DISRAELI'S LIFE : EMANUEL (US. xi. 301, 390). A few additional particulars concern- ing Henry Emanuel may be welcome. I think" Messrs. Streeter succeeded him. He was born in 1831, and died at Nice, January, 1898. In 1874 he procured a Portuguese title and was known as Baron Emanuel de Almeda. In 1852 he married a Dutch lady, and by her had an only son, who died in 1870, and a daughter, who in 1882 married a M. Sourdis. ISRAEL SOLOMONS.
HANGLETON : PERSEVERE YE, &c. (US. xi. 318, 435). These words, without the e or any breaks between the words, were placed over the altar and under the Ten Commandments in Penshaw Church, near Durham, <?. 1860; and I remember seeing them somewhere, per- haps in ' The Boy's Own Book,' c. 1845. I have found them useful as illustrating the absence of vowels in Hebrew. J. T. F.
FORTNUM & MASON (II S. xi. 341). Charles Fortnum perhaps the brother men- tioned by Mi RICORDO was a paymaster in the First (or the Royal) Regiment of Foot. His commission bore date 5 Jan., 1805 (see ' Army Lists ' of 1809 and 1811). He appears in the "Resignations and Retirements" in the 1816 'Army List.' According to Allibone, Mrs. Fortnum possibly the wife of Charles, and the mother of Charles Edward Drury Fortnum wrote ' The Adventures of Victor Allen,' 1805, and ' Cordelia.'
Presumably Mi RICORDO means that Charles Edward Drury Fortnum was, according to his own statement, the dis- coverer of the Burra Burra mines (South Australia). They were discovered in 1845 (see Woodward and Cates's ' Encyclopaedia of Chronology'). ROBERT PIERPOINT.
GEORGE BODENS (II S. xi. 267). In the ' Army List ' of 1777 George Bodens appears (p. 4) among the colonels under date 19 Feb., 1762. There are four other colonels of the same date, the first of whom, Charles Buck- nail, has in the " Regiment " column " Half- pay, as Captain," against his name. The next three, of whom Bodens is one, have nothing in that column. The fifth, Ja. Mure Campbell, has " Half -pay, as Lt. Col."
There was a Chas. Bodens, Ensign in the Coldstream Guards, 15 Jan., 1722/3 ; Lieu- tenant and Captain, 26 Jan., 1735. Resigned in May, 1739 (see ' George the First's Army y 1714-27,' by Charles Dalton, 1910-12, ii. 269, 271). ROBERT PIERPOINT.
ORIGIN OF ' OMNE BENE ' (II S. xi. 280, 389). From the evidence already furnished in these columns we get a rough indication of the date of authorship. The pertinent dates are :
1819. Washington Irving' s ' Sketch-Book.'
1810 (?). ' Omne Bene ' sung at Kingswood^
1825 (?). Harrow.
1827. Hood's ' Retrospective Review.' These are the only references known. As Hood was born in 1799, and speaks of the song in a familiar way, we shall, perhaps, not go far wrong in fixing the composition near 1800. It would thus be a century younger than Winchester's ' Dulce Domum-' The authors of these hardy songs remain un- known.
The two stanzas already quoted are the only ones extant. The traditional tune is quite simple, and I shall be glad to forward the music to any who care to fpply.
H. E. CRANE-
Kingswood School, Bath.