NOTES AND QUERIES. [ii s. XL JAN. 23, 1915.
NAME OF PLAY WANTED (US. xi. 7, 59). Supposing the engraving to have been made in the nineteenth century, the play may have been an English rifacimento of either Ray- noiiard's ' Les Templiers,' in which King Philippe le Bel appears, or Ponsard's ' Agnes de Meranie,' in which King Philippe Auguste is among the dramatis personce. Both are represented as bold adversaries of Papal power. B ON A. F. BOURGEOIS.
THE KRUPP FACTORY IN 1851 (U.S. x. 506). I spent some days at Essen in August, 1851 , in company with an uncle of mine, who was Krupp's agent in the United States. The establishment was then quite a small affair as compared with its present gigantic dimensions, but it was not insignificant. I know that my uncle was doing a consider- able business with Krupp in railway axles and tyres ; and it will be obvious that a concern capable of turning out an ingot of cast steel weighing two tons must be pos- sessed of considerable resources. The then head of the firm was Mr. Alfred Krupp, a son of Frederick Krupp, the founder, who, I understood, began life as a workman. Alfred was an inventor of first-rate ability, and he was, in addition, an excellent linguist, and a man of the world in the best sense of the word, possessing charming and urbane manners. In 1846 he took out a patent in England (and probably in Germany also) for a method of producing spoons and forks by rolling instead of stamping ; and the invention was afterwards taken up by Messrs. Elkington. & Co. of Birmingham, but did not, 1 believe, prove a commercial success. I saw the machinery at work on the occasion of my visit, and I well remember how interested I was in watching the con- version of a strip of silver into a spoon or fork by the action of the rolls. Krupp made by this process a service in gold for the Emperor of Russia ; and I think it was in connexion with this order that a Russian official of high rank and his daughter were staying at Essen during the time I was there. I also witnessed experiments showing the endurance of Krupp's steel axles and tyres, heavy weights being dropped upon them from considerable heights.
Your correspondent has overlooked the fact that Krupp showed at the Exhibition of 1851 a six -pounder steel gun, 5^ ft. in length, which is referred to in the ' Reports of the Juries,' p. 220, as possessing " remarkable beauty of workmanship." It will thus be seen that the manufacture of " implements
of destruction " was from the very first a feature of Krupp's establishment. Those who desire to become acquainted with the history of the Essen works may be referred to The Engineer, 12 Aug., 1887, p. 123 ; 5 Dec., 1902 ; and 8 Feb., 1907, p. 134.
R. B. P.
AMPHILLIS WASHINGTON (11 S. x. 488; xi. 37). That distinguished American genea- logist the late Henry F. Waters was of the opinion that the maiden name of Amphillis Washington, the wife of tlie Rev. Lawrence Washington of Purleigh, was Roades ; and as long ago as 188 9 he printed the will of William Roades, presumably a brother of Amphillis Washington. William Roades was of Middle Claydon, Bucks ; his will was dated 19 Sept., 1657, and proved 17 Nov., 1658 (N.E. Hist, and Gen. Register, xliii. 386). The invaluable articles contributed by Mr. Waters to the Register were published in two large volumes, entitled ' Genealogical Glean- ings in England.' Any one wishing informa- tion about the Washington family should consult that work, which apparently is not well known in England.
It is curious how mistakes are made in genealogy. MR. PAGE quotes Dr. Moncure Conway and Mr. Henry Waters with refer- ence to the above, but both have been proved utterly wrong.
Amphillis Washington was not the daugh- ter of John Roades, Sir Edmund Verney's bailiff. See ' Verney Memoirs,' i. 515. Amphillis Washington was not a Roades at all ; her maiden name has not been dis- covered. R. USSHER.
Westbury Vicarage, Brackley, Northants.
EAST ANGLIAN FAMILIES : ELIZABETH STAINTON (11 S. xi. 9). Henry Gosse, Esq., of Epsom, co. Surrey, had a grant of " Or frette az.,on a pile engd. sa. 3 pheons arg." ; and for crest : "A pheon sa. entwined by a branch of oak or, between 2 wings gold, gutte de sang."
William Gosse, High Sheriff of co. Radnor in 1755, bore Erm., 3 fleurs-de-lis gu Crest : a sword in pale ppr. , pommel and hilt or, between two branches of laurel vert. Motto : <! En Dieu est ma foy."
The late William Henry Goss, of armorial pottery fame, bore, according to his book- plate in my Staffordshire Collection, nine molets in saltire, and for crest a falcon rising. S. A. GRTJNDY-NEWMAN.